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Measurement of fasted state gastric antral motility before and after a standard bioavailability and bioequivalence 240 mL drink of water: Validation of MRI method against concomitant perfused manometry in healthy participants (2020)
Journal Article
Heissam, K., Abrehart, N., Hoad, C. L., Wright, J., Menys, A., Murray, K., …Marciani, L. (2020). Measurement of fasted state gastric antral motility before and after a standard bioavailability and bioequivalence 240 mL drink of water: Validation of MRI method against concomitant perfused manometry in healthy participants. PLoS ONE, 15(11), e0241441. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241441

Objective The gastrointestinal environment in which drug products need to disintegrate before the drug can dissolve and be absorbed has not been studied in detail due to limitations, especially invasiveness of existing techniques. Minimal in vivo da... Read More about Measurement of fasted state gastric antral motility before and after a standard bioavailability and bioequivalence 240 mL drink of water: Validation of MRI method against concomitant perfused manometry in healthy participants.

Interventions to ameliorate reductions in muscle quantity and function in hospitalised older adults: a systematic review towards acute sarcopenia treatment (2020)
Journal Article
John, G., Welsh, C., Majid, Z., Masud, T., Jackson, T., & Grieg, C. (2020). Interventions to ameliorate reductions in muscle quantity and function in hospitalised older adults: a systematic review towards acute sarcopenia treatment. Age and Ageing, https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afaa209

Objective: Assimilate evidence for interventions to ameliorate negative changes in physical performance, muscle strength, and muscle quantity in hospitalised older adults. Methods: We searched for articles using MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochr... Read More about Interventions to ameliorate reductions in muscle quantity and function in hospitalised older adults: a systematic review towards acute sarcopenia treatment.

Preventive digital mental health interventions for children and young people: a review of the design and reporting of research (2020)
Journal Article
Bergin, A. D., Vallejos, E. P., Davies, E. B., Daley, D., Ford, T., Harold, G., …Hollis, C. (2020). Preventive digital mental health interventions for children and young people: a review of the design and reporting of research. npj Digital Medicine, 3(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41746-020-00339-7

Digital health interventions (DHIs) have frequently been highlighted as one way to respond to increasing levels of mental health problems in children and young people. Whilst many are developed to address existing mental health problems, there is als... Read More about Preventive digital mental health interventions for children and young people: a review of the design and reporting of research.

In severe alcoholic hepatitis, serum cytokeratin-18 fragments are diagnostic, prognostic and theragnostic biomarkers (2020)
Journal Article
Atkinson, S. R., Grove, J. I., Liebig, S., Astbury, S., Vergis, N., Goldin, R., …Aithal, G. P. (2020). In severe alcoholic hepatitis, serum cytokeratin-18 fragments are diagnostic, prognostic and theragnostic biomarkers. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 115(11), 1857-1868. https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000912

INTRODUCTION: Up to 40% of patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) die within 6 months of presentation, making prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment essential. We determined the associations between serum keratin-18 (K18) and histologi... Read More about In severe alcoholic hepatitis, serum cytokeratin-18 fragments are diagnostic, prognostic and theragnostic biomarkers.

Feasibility Study of a New MRI Mini-Capsule Device to Measure Whole Gut Transit Time in Pediatric Constipation (2020)
Journal Article
Sharif, H., Abrehart, N., Hoad, C., Murray, K., Perkins, A., Smith, M., …Marciani, L. (2020). Feasibility Study of a New MRI Mini-Capsule Device to Measure Whole Gut Transit Time in Pediatric Constipation. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 71(5), 604-611. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002910

Objective: In England, 27,500 children are referred annually to hospital with constipation. An objective measure of whole gut transit time (WGTT) could aid management. The current standard WGTT assessment, the X-ray radiopaque marker (ROM) test, give... Read More about Feasibility Study of a New MRI Mini-Capsule Device to Measure Whole Gut Transit Time in Pediatric Constipation.

Processing Apples to Puree or Juice Speeds Gastric Emptying and Reduces Postprandial Intestinal Volumes and Satiety in Healthy Adults (2020)
Journal Article
Krishnasamy, S., Lomer, M. C. E., Marciani, L., Hoad, C. L., Pritchard, S. E., Paul, J., …Spiller, R. C. (2020). Processing Apples to Puree or Juice Speeds Gastric Emptying and Reduces Postprandial Intestinal Volumes and Satiety in Healthy Adults. Journal of Nutrition, 150(11), 2890-2899. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa191

Background: Whole apples produce greater satiety than processed apples, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Objective: Our aim was to assess the intragastric processing of apple preparations and the associated small and large bowel conten... Read More about Processing Apples to Puree or Juice Speeds Gastric Emptying and Reduces Postprandial Intestinal Volumes and Satiety in Healthy Adults.

Recommended Personal Protective Equipment for Cochlear Implant and Other Mastoid Surgery During the COVID-19 Era (2020)
Journal Article
Lawrence, R. J., O'Donoghue, G., Kitterick, P., O'Donoghue, K., Hague, R., Mitchell, L., …Hartley, D. E. (2020). Recommended Personal Protective Equipment for Cochlear Implant and Other Mastoid Surgery During the COVID-19 Era. Laryngoscope, 130(11), 2693-2699. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.29014

© 2020 American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society Inc, "The Triological Society" and American Laryngological Association (ALA) Objectives/Hypothesis: The overall aim of this study was to evaluate personal protective equipment (PPE)... Read More about Recommended Personal Protective Equipment for Cochlear Implant and Other Mastoid Surgery During the COVID-19 Era.

Healthcare professional views of implementing remote measurement technology in central nervous system disorders: A qualitative interview study (2020)
Journal Article
Andrews, J., Craven, M., Jamnadas-Khoda, J., Lang, A., Morriss, R., & Hollis, C. (2020). Healthcare professional views of implementing remote measurement technology in central nervous system disorders: A qualitative interview study. JMIR, 22(7),

Background: Remote measurement technologies (RMTs) can be used to collect data on a variety of bio-behavioural variables, which may benefit the care of people with central nervous system disorders. While various studies have explored their potential,... Read More about Healthcare professional views of implementing remote measurement technology in central nervous system disorders: A qualitative interview study.

Exploring User Expectations of Brain-Training and Coaching Technologies for Cognitive Health (2020)
Book Chapter
Harrington, K., Craven, M. P., Wilson, M. L., & Landowska, A. (2020). Exploring User Expectations of Brain-Training and Coaching Technologies for Cognitive Health. . Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49065-2_4

User-centred evaluation of brain-training and coaching applications is discussed, with a focus on dementia. A brief outline of outcomes measures used for cognitive training is presented. The design of a set of four patient and public involvement work... Read More about Exploring User Expectations of Brain-Training and Coaching Technologies for Cognitive Health.

A data-driven approach to optimising the encoding for multi-shell diffusion MRI with application to neonatal imaging (2020)
Journal Article
Tournier, J., Christiaens, D., Hutter, J., Price, A. N., Cordero-Grande, L., Hughes, E., …Hajnal, J. V. (2020). A data-driven approach to optimising the encoding for multi-shell diffusion MRI with application to neonatal imaging. NMR in Biomedicine, 33(9), https://doi.org/10.1101/661348

Diffusion MRI has the potential to provide important information about the connectivity and microstructure of the human brain during normal and abnormal development, non-invasively and in vivo. Recent developments in MRI hardware and reconstruction m... Read More about A data-driven approach to optimising the encoding for multi-shell diffusion MRI with application to neonatal imaging.

Insomnia, Anxiety and Depression in Adult Cochlear Implant Users With Tinnitus (2020)
Journal Article
Kitterick, P., & Pierzycki, R. (2020). Insomnia, Anxiety and Depression in Adult Cochlear Implant Users With Tinnitus. Ear and Hearing, https://doi.org/10.1097/aud.0000000000000900

Objective: Determine the prevalence of clinical insomnia and its associations with anxiety, depression, and tinnitus in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. Design: Self-reported information on tinnitus, sleep, and demographic variables was... Read More about Insomnia, Anxiety and Depression in Adult Cochlear Implant Users With Tinnitus.

XTRACT - Standardised protocols for automated tractography in the human and macaque brain (2020)
Journal Article
Warrington, S., Bryant, K., Khrapitchev, A., Sallet, J., Charquero-Ballester, M., Douaud, G., …Sotiropoulos, S. (2020). XTRACT - Standardised protocols for automated tractography in the human and macaque brain. NeuroImage, 217, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116923

We present a new software package with a library of standardised tractography protocols devised for the robust automated extraction of white matter tracts both in the human and the macaque brain. Using in vivo data from the Human Connectome Project (... Read More about XTRACT - Standardised protocols for automated tractography in the human and macaque brain.

Operando visualisation of battery chemistry in a sodium-ion battery by 23Na magnetic resonance imaging (2020)
Journal Article
Kendrick, E., Bray, J. M., Doswell, C. L., Pavlovskaya, G. E., Chen, L., Kishore, B., …Britton, M. M. (2020). Operando visualisation of battery chemistry in a sodium-ion battery by 23Na magnetic resonance imaging. Nature Communications, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15938-x

© 2020, The Author(s). Sodium-ion batteries are a promising battery technology for their cost and sustainability. This has led to increasing interest in the development of new sodium-ion batteries and new analytical methods to non-invasively, directl... Read More about Operando visualisation of battery chemistry in a sodium-ion battery by 23Na magnetic resonance imaging.

Improved fibre dispersion estimation using b-tensor encoding (2020)
Journal Article
Cottaar, M., Szczepankiewicz, F., Bastiani, M., Hernandez-Fernandez, M., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Nilsson, M., & Jbabdi, S. (2020). Improved fibre dispersion estimation using b-tensor encoding. NeuroImage, 215, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116832

© 2020 The Authors Measuring fibre dispersion in white matter with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is limited by an inherent degeneracy between fibre dispersion and microscopic diffusion anisotropy (i.e., the diffusion anisotropy expected... Read More about Improved fibre dispersion estimation using b-tensor encoding.

Towards HCP-Style macaque connectomes: 24-Channel 3T multi-array coil, MRI sequences and preprocessing (2020)
Journal Article
Autio, J. A., Glasser, M. F., Ose, T., Donahue, C. J., Bastiani, M., Ohno, M., …Hayashi, T. (2020). Towards HCP-Style macaque connectomes: 24-Channel 3T multi-array coil, MRI sequences and preprocessing. NeuroImage, 215, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116800

© 2020 The Author(s) Macaque monkeys are an important animal model where invasive investigations can lead to a better understanding of the cortical organization of primates including humans. However, the tools and methods for noninvasive image acquis... Read More about Towards HCP-Style macaque connectomes: 24-Channel 3T multi-array coil, MRI sequences and preprocessing.

Investigating musculoskeletal health and wellbeing; A cohort study protocol (2020)
Journal Article
Millar, B., McWilliams, D. F., Abhishek, A., Akin-Akinyosoye, K., Auer, D. P., Chapman, V., …Walsh, D. A. (2020). Investigating musculoskeletal health and wellbeing; A cohort study protocol. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 21(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03195-4

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: In an ageing population, pain, frailty and disability frequently coexist across a wide range of musculoskeletal diagnoses, but their associations remain incompletely understood. The Investigating Musculoskeletal Heal... Read More about Investigating musculoskeletal health and wellbeing; A cohort study protocol.

A Population-based PBPK Model for the Prediction of Time-Variant Bile Salt Disposition within GI Luminal Fluids (2020)
Journal Article
Stamatopoulos, K., Pathak, S., Marciani, L., & Turner, D. (2020). A Population-based PBPK Model for the Prediction of Time-Variant Bile Salt Disposition within GI Luminal Fluids. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 17(4), 1310-1323. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.0c00019

In vivo studies have shown cyclic bile salt (BS) outputs during fasting whereas higher amounts have been observed in fed states. This leads to fluctuations of intestinal BS concentrations ([BS]) that can affect the rate and extent of absorption of li... Read More about A Population-based PBPK Model for the Prediction of Time-Variant Bile Salt Disposition within GI Luminal Fluids.