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Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae (2019)
Journal Article
McWilliams, D. F., Rahman, S., James, R., Ferguson, E., Kiely, P., Young, A., & Walsh, D. (2019). Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae. BMC Rheumatology, 3, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41927-019-0100-9

Background RA flares are common and disabling. They are described in terms of worsening inflammation but pain and inflammation are often discordant. To inform treatment decisions, we investigated whether inflammatory and pain flares are discrete ent... Read More about Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae.

A randomized, controlled, double-blind crossover study on the effects of isoeffective and isovolumetric intravenous crystalloid and gelatin on blood volume, and renal and cardiac hemodynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Bradley, C. R., Bragg, D. D., Cox, E. F., El-Sharkawy, A. M., Buchanan, C. E., Chowdhury, A. H., …Lobo, D. N. (2019). A randomized, controlled, double-blind crossover study on the effects of isoeffective and isovolumetric intravenous crystalloid and gelatin on blood volume, and renal and cardiac hemodynamics. Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.09.011

Background & aims Blood volume expanding properties of colloids are superior to crystalloids. In addition to oncotic/osmotic properties, the electrolyte composition of infusions may have important effects on visceral perfusion, with infusions contai... Read More about A randomized, controlled, double-blind crossover study on the effects of isoeffective and isovolumetric intravenous crystalloid and gelatin on blood volume, and renal and cardiac hemodynamics.

Mechanisms and Risk Factors Contributing to Visual Field Deficits following Stereotactic Laser Amygdalohippocampotomy (2019)
Journal Article
Voets, N. L., Alvarez, I., Qiu, D., Leatherday, C., Willie, J. T., Sotiropoulos, S., …Drane, D. L. (2019). Mechanisms and Risk Factors Contributing to Visual Field Deficits following Stereotactic Laser Amygdalohippocampotomy. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1159/000502701

Selective laser amygdalohippocampotomy (SLAH) is a minimally invasive surgical treatment for medial temporal lobe epilepsy. Visual field deficits (VFDs) are a significant potential complication. The objective of this study was to determine the relati... Read More about Mechanisms and Risk Factors Contributing to Visual Field Deficits following Stereotactic Laser Amygdalohippocampotomy.

Automated virtual reality (VR) cognitive therapy for patients with psychosis: study protocol for a single-blind parallel group randomised controlled trial (gameChange) (2019)
Journal Article
Freeman, D., Yu, L., Kabir, T., Martin, J., Craven, M., Leal, J., …Waite, F. (2019). Automated virtual reality (VR) cognitive therapy for patients with psychosis: study protocol for a single-blind parallel group randomised controlled trial (gameChange). BMJ Open, 9(8), e031606. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031606

Introduction Many patients with psychosis experience everyday social situations as anxiety-provoking. The fears can arise, for example, from paranoia, hallucinations, social anxiety or negative-self beliefs. The fears lead patients to withdraw from a... Read More about Automated virtual reality (VR) cognitive therapy for patients with psychosis: study protocol for a single-blind parallel group randomised controlled trial (gameChange).

Increased fasting small bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by MRI (2019)
Journal Article
Lam, C., Sanders, D., Lanyon, P., Garsed, K., Foley, S., & Pritchard, S. (2019). Increased fasting small bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by MRI. United European Gastroenterology Journal, doi:10.1177/2050640619860372

Background and aims: The regular overnight migrating motor complex (MMC) ensures that the normal fasting small bowel water content (SBWC) is minimised. We have applied our recently validated non-invasive magnetic resonance technique to assess SBWC in... Read More about Increased fasting small bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by MRI.

Joint modelling of diffusion MRI and microscopy (2019)
Journal Article
Howard, A. F., Mollink, J., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Pallebage-Gamarallage, M., Bastiani, M., Cottaar, M., …Jbabdi, S. (2019). Joint modelling of diffusion MRI and microscopy. NeuroImage, 201, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116014

The combination of diffusion MRI (dMRI) with microscopy provides unique opportunities to study microstructural features of tissue, particularly when acquired in the same sample. Microscopy is frequently used to validate dMRI microstructure models, ad... Read More about Joint modelling of diffusion MRI and microscopy.

Increased fasting small-bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (2019)
Journal Article
Lam, C., Sanders, D., Lanyon, P., Garsed, K., Foley, S., Pritchard, S., …Spiller, R. (2019). Increased fasting small-bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. United European Gastroenterology Journal, 7(10), 1353-1360 . https://doi.org/10.1177/2050640619860372

Background and aims: The regular overnight migrating motor complex (MMC) ensures that the normal fasting small bowel water content (SBWC) is minimised. We have applied our recently validated non-invasive magnetic resonance technique to assess SBWC... Read More about Increased fasting small-bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging.

Prediction of Stroke Risk by Detection of Hemorrhage in Carotid Plaques: Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data (2019)
Journal Article
Schindler, A., Schinner, R., Altaf, N., Hosseini, A. A., Simpson, R. J., Esposito-Bauer, L., …Saam, T. (2019). Prediction of Stroke Risk by Detection of Hemorrhage in Carotid Plaques: Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data. JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, doi:10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.03.028

Objectives The goal of this study was to compare the risk of stroke between patients with carotid artery disease with and without the presence of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) on magnetic resonance imaging. Background IPH in carotid stenosis incr... Read More about Prediction of Stroke Risk by Detection of Hemorrhage in Carotid Plaques: Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data.

Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae (2019)
Presentation / Conference
McWilliams, D., Rahman, S., James, R., Ferguson, E., Kiely, P., Young, A., & Walsh, D. (2019, April). Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae. Poster presented at Rheumatology 2019

Background RA flares are common and disabling. They are described in terms of worsening pain, swelling, or other symptoms. We aimed to determine characteristics, antecedants and sequelae of painful and inflammatory flare subtypes during the first 11... Read More about Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae.

Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Gaunt, A. C., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis. Otology and Neurotology, 40(4), e342–e348. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000002186

Objective: Previous trials have compared the efficacy of hearing instruments to no intervention in adults with single- sided deafness (SSD) or the relative efficacy of different instruments. Network meta-analysis (NMA) was used to refine estimates of... Read More about Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis.

Content validity and readability of patient-reported questionnaire instruments of hearing disability (2019)
Journal Article
Manchaiah, V., Granberg, S., Grover, V., Saunders, G., & Hall, D. (2019). Content validity and readability of patient-reported questionnaire instruments of hearing disability. International Journal of Audiology, 58(9), 565-575. doi:10.1080/14992027.2019.1602738

Objective: The current study evaluates the content validity (i.e., domains assessed) and readability levels of patient-reported questionnaire instruments using internationally recognized procedures and tools. Design: A review of the literature to... Read More about Content validity and readability of patient-reported questionnaire instruments of hearing disability.

The Cost-Effectiveness of Bimodal Stimulation Compared to Unilateral and Bilateral Cochlear Implant Use in Adults with Bilateral Severe to Profound Deafness (2019)
Journal Article
Theriou, C., Fielden, C. A., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). The Cost-Effectiveness of Bimodal Stimulation Compared to Unilateral and Bilateral Cochlear Implant Use in Adults with Bilateral Severe to Profound Deafness. Ear and Hearing, 40(6), 1425–1436. https://doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000727

Objectives: An increasing number of severe-profoundly deaf adult unilateral cochlear implant (CI) users receive bimodal stimulation; that is, they use a conventional acoustic hearing aid (HA) in their non-implanted ear. The combination of electric an... Read More about The Cost-Effectiveness of Bimodal Stimulation Compared to Unilateral and Bilateral Cochlear Implant Use in Adults with Bilateral Severe to Profound Deafness.

MRI of the colon in the pharmaceutical field: the future before us (2019)
Journal Article
Sulaiman, S., & Marciani, L. (2019). MRI of the colon in the pharmaceutical field: the future before us. Pharmaceutics, 11(4), doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics11040146

Oral solid drug formulation is the most common route for administration and it is vital to increase knowledge of the gastrointestinal physiological environment to understand dissolution and absorption processes and to develop reliable biorelevant in... Read More about MRI of the colon in the pharmaceutical field: the future before us.

Effects of tinnitus on cochlear implant programming (2019)
Journal Article
Pierzycki, R. H., Corner, C., Fielden, C. A., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). Effects of tinnitus on cochlear implant programming. Trends in Hearing, 23, doi:10.1177/2331216519836624

Clinical observations suggest that tinnitus may interfere with programming cochlear implants (CIs), the process of optimizing the transmission of acoustic information to support speech perception with a CI. Despite tinnitus being highly prevalent amo... Read More about Effects of tinnitus on cochlear implant programming.

MRS and DTI evidence of progressive posterior cingulate cortex and corpus callosum injury in the hyper-acute phase after Traumatic Brain Injury (2019)
Journal Article
Lawrence, T. P., Steel, A., Ezra, M., Speirs, M., Pretorius, P. M., Douaud, G., …Voets, N. L. (2019). MRS and DTI evidence of progressive posterior cingulate cortex and corpus callosum injury in the hyper-acute phase after Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Injury, doi:10.1080/02699052.2019.1584332

The posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and corpus callosum (CC) are susceptible to trauma, but injury often evades detection. PCC Metabolic disruption may predict CC white matter tract injury and the secondary cascade responsible for progression. While... Read More about MRS and DTI evidence of progressive posterior cingulate cortex and corpus callosum injury in the hyper-acute phase after Traumatic Brain Injury.

Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Demirtas, M., Burt, J. B., Helmer, M., Ji, J. L., Adkinson, B. D., Glasser, M. F., …Murray, J. D. (2019). Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics. Neuron, 101(6), 1181-1194.e13. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.017

The large-scale organization of dynamical neural activity across cortex emerges through long-range interactions among local circuits. We hypothesized that large-scale dynamics are also shaped by heterogeneity of intrinsic local properties across cort... Read More about Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics.

Discrete trajectories of resolving and persistent pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis despite undergoing treatment for inflammation: results from three UK cohorts (2019)
Journal Article
McWilliams, D. F., Dawson, O., Young, A., Kiely, P., Ferguson, E., & Walsh, D. A. (2019). Discrete trajectories of resolving and persistent pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis despite undergoing treatment for inflammation: results from three UK cohorts. Journal of Pain, 20(6), 716-727. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2019.01.001

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an example of human chronic inflammatory pain. Modern treatments suppress inflammation, yet pain remains a major problem for many people with RA. We hypothesised that discrete RA subgroups might display favourable or unfa... Read More about Discrete trajectories of resolving and persistent pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis despite undergoing treatment for inflammation: results from three UK cohorts.