Research Repository

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Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae (2019)
Presentation / Conference
McWilliams, D., Rahman, S., James, R., Ferguson, E., Kiely, P., Young, A., & Walsh, D. (2019, April). Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae. Poster presented at Rheumatology 2019

Background RA flares are common and disabling. They are described in terms of worsening pain, swelling, or other symptoms. We aimed to determine characteristics, antecedants and sequelae of painful and inflammatory flare subtypes during the first 11... Read More

The cost-effectiveness of bimodal stimulation compared to unilateral and bilateral cochlear implant use in adults with bilateral severe to profound deafness (2019)
Journal Article
Theriou, C., Fielden, C. A., & Kitterick, P. T. (in press). The cost-effectiveness of bimodal stimulation compared to unilateral and bilateral cochlear implant use in adults with bilateral severe to profound deafness. Ear and Hearing,

Objectives: An increasing number of severe-profoundly deaf adult unilateral cochlear implant (CI) users receive bimodal stimulation; that is, they use a conventional acoustic hearing aid (HA) in their non-implanted ear. The combination of electric an... Read More

Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Demirtas, M., Burt, J. B., Helmer, M., Ji, J. L., Adkinson, B. D., Glasser, M. F., …Murray, J. D. (2019). Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics. Neuron, 101, 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.017

The large-scale organization of dynamical neural activity across cortex emerges through long-range interactions among local circuits. We hypothesized that large-scale dynamics are also shaped by heterogeneity of intrinsic local properties across cort... Read More

Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Gaunt, A. C., & Kitterick, P. T. (in press). Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis. Otology and Neurotology,

Objective: Previous trials have compared the efficacy of hearing instruments to no intervention in adults with single- sided deafness (SSD) or the relative efficacy of different instruments. Network meta-analysis (NMA) was used to refine estimates of... Read More

Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Xing, Y., Sapuan, A., Dineen, R., & Auer, D. P. (2018). Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI. Movement Disorders, 33(11), 1792-1799. doi:10.1002/mds.27502

Background: Neuromelanin is a pigment with strong iron-chelating properties preferentially found in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra, pars compacta (SNpc). Parkinson's disease is characterized by pronounced, MRI detectable neuromelanin lo... Read More

Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) (2018)
Journal Article
Lawrence, R. J., Wiggins, I. M., Anderson, C. A., Davies-Thompson, J., & Hartley, D. E. (2018). Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Hearing Research, 370, 53-64. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2018.09.005

Functional neuroimaging has identified that the temporal, frontal and parietal cortex support core aspects of speech processing. An objective measure of speech intelligibility based on cortical activation in these brain regions would be extremely use... Read More

Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold (2018)
Journal Article
Hoad, C., Marciani, L., Spiller, R., Gowland, P., & Moran, G. (2018). Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, doi:10.1111/nmo.13466. ISSN 1350-1925

Background The symptoms of functional bowel disorders are common in postprandial but investigations are generally undertaken in the fasted state using invasive procedures. MRI provides a noninvasive tool to study the gastrointestinal tract in an u... Read More

Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment (2018)
Journal Article
Meng, D., Li, X., Bauer, M., Taylor, J., Auer, D. P., & Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, . (2018). Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment. Radiology, 2018, doi:10.1148/radiol.2018180092

Purpose: To determine whether functional connectivity (FC) mapping of nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) cholinergic network (hereafter, NBM FC) could provide a biomarker of central cholinergic deficits with predictive potential for response to choline... Read More

Opioid receptors in the GI tract: targets for treatment of both diarrhea and constipation in functional bowel disorders? (2018)
Journal Article
Pannemans, J., & Corsetti, M. (2018). Opioid receptors in the GI tract: targets for treatment of both diarrhea and constipation in functional bowel disorders?. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 43, 53-58. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2018.08.008

Opioids have been used for centuries, mostly as a sedative and to treat pain. Currently, they are used on a global scale for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in diseases as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and low back pain. Binding of opioids on... Read More

Cognition based bTBI mechanistic criteria; a tool for preventive and therapeutic innovations (2018)
Journal Article
Garcia-Gonzalez, D., Race, N. S., Voets, N. L., Jenkins, D. R., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Acosta, G., …Jérusalem, A. (in press). Cognition based bTBI mechanistic criteria; a tool for preventive and therapeutic innovations. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-28271-7. ISSN 2045-2322

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury has been associated with neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. To date, although damage due to oxidative stress appears to be important, the specific mechanistic causes of such disorders remain elusive... Read More

Parkinson's disease related signal change in the nigrosomes 1–5 and the substantia nigra using T2* weighted 7T MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Schwarz, S. T., Mougin, O., Xing, Y., Blazejewska, A., Bajaj, N., Auer, D. P., & Gowland, P. (in press). Parkinson's disease related signal change in the nigrosomes 1–5 and the substantia nigra using T2* weighted 7T MRI. NeuroImage: Clinical, 19, doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.027

Improved markers for the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are required. Previous work has proven that iron dependent MRI scans can detect the largest Nigrosome (N1) within the substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta and changes in PD. Histopatholo... Read More

Altered connectivity of the right anterior insula drives the pain connectome changes in chronic knee osteoarthritis (2018)
Journal Article
Cottam, W. J., Iwabuchi, S. J., Drabek, M. M., Reckziegel, D., & Auer, D. P. (2018). Altered connectivity of the right anterior insula drives the pain connectome changes in chronic knee osteoarthritis. PAIN, 159(5), doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001209

Resting-state functional connectivity (FC) has proven a powerful approach to understand the neural underpinnings of chronic pain, reporting altered connectivity in three main networks: the default mode (DMN), central executive (CEN), and the salience... Read More