Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae (2019)
Presentation / Conference
McWilliams, D., Rahman, S., James, R., Ferguson, E., Kiely, P., Young, A., & Walsh, D. (2019, April). Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedants and sequelae. Poster presented at Rheumatology 2019

Background RA flares are common and disabling. They are described in terms of worsening pain, swelling, or other symptoms. We aimed to determine characteristics, antecedants and sequelae of painful and inflammatory flare subtypes during the first 11... Read More

Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Gaunt, A. C., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). Determining the sample size for future trials of hearing instruments for unilaterally deaf adults: an application of network meta-analysis. Otology and Neurotology, 40(4), e342–e348. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000002186

Objective: Previous trials have compared the efficacy of hearing instruments to no intervention in adults with single- sided deafness (SSD) or the relative efficacy of different instruments. Network meta-analysis (NMA) was used to refine estimates of... Read More

Content validity and readability of patient-reported questionnaire instruments of hearing disability (2019)
Journal Article
Manchaiah, V., Granberg, S., Grover, V., Saunders, G., & Hall, D. (2019). Content validity and readability of patient-reported questionnaire instruments of hearing disability. International Journal of Audiology, doi:10.1080/14992027.2019.1602738

Objective: The current study evaluates the content validity (i.e., domains assessed) and readability levels of patient-reported questionnaire instruments using internationally recognized procedures and tools. Design: A review of the literature to... Read More

The cost-effectiveness of bimodal stimulation compared to unilateral and bilateral cochlear implant use in adults with bilateral severe to profound deafness (2019)
Journal Article
Theriou, C., Fielden, C. A., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). The cost-effectiveness of bimodal stimulation compared to unilateral and bilateral cochlear implant use in adults with bilateral severe to profound deafness. Ear and Hearing, doi:10.1097/AUD.0000000000000727

Objectives: An increasing number of severe-profoundly deaf adult unilateral cochlear implant (CI) users receive bimodal stimulation; that is, they use a conventional acoustic hearing aid (HA) in their non-implanted ear. The combination of electric an... Read More

MRI of the colon in the pharmaceutical field: the future before us (2019)
Journal Article
Sulaiman, S., & Marciani, L. (2019). MRI of the colon in the pharmaceutical field: the future before us. Pharmaceutics, 11(4), doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics11040146

Oral solid drug formulation is the most common route for administration and it is vital to increase knowledge of the gastrointestinal physiological environment to understand dissolution and absorption processes and to develop reliable biorelevant in... Read More

Effects of tinnitus on cochlear implant programming (2019)
Journal Article
Pierzycki, R. H., Corner, C., Fielden, C. A., & Kitterick, P. T. (2019). Effects of tinnitus on cochlear implant programming. Trends in Hearing, 23, doi:10.1177/2331216519836624

Clinical observations suggest that tinnitus may interfere with programming cochlear implants (CIs), the process of optimizing the transmission of acoustic information to support speech perception with a CI. Despite tinnitus being highly prevalent amo... Read More

MRS and DTI evidence of progressive posterior cingulate cortex and corpus callosum injury in the hyper-acute phase after Traumatic Brain Injury (2019)
Journal Article
Lawrence, T. P., Steel, A., Ezra, M., Speirs, M., Pretorius, P. M., Douaud, G., …Voets, N. L. (2019). MRS and DTI evidence of progressive posterior cingulate cortex and corpus callosum injury in the hyper-acute phase after Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Injury, doi:10.1080/02699052.2019.1584332

The posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and corpus callosum (CC) are susceptible to trauma, but injury often evades detection. PCC Metabolic disruption may predict CC white matter tract injury and the secondary cascade responsible for progression. While... Read More

Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Demirtas, M., Burt, J. B., Helmer, M., Ji, J. L., Adkinson, B. D., Glasser, M. F., …Murray, J. D. (2019). Hierarchical heterogeneity across human cortex shapes large-scale neural dynamics. Neuron, 101(6), 1181-1194.e13. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.017

The large-scale organization of dynamical neural activity across cortex emerges through long-range interactions among local circuits. We hypothesized that large-scale dynamics are also shaped by heterogeneity of intrinsic local properties across cort... Read More

Discrete trajectories of resolving and persistent pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis despite undergoing treatment for inflammation: results from three UK cohorts (2019)
Journal Article
McWilliams, D. F., Dawson, O., Young, A., Kiely, P., Ferguson, E., & Walsh, D. A. (2019). Discrete trajectories of resolving and persistent pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis despite undergoing treatment for inflammation: results from three UK cohorts. Journal of Pain, doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2019.01.001

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an example of human chronic inflammatory pain. Modern treatments suppress inflammation, yet pain remains a major problem for many people with RA. We hypothesised that discrete RA subgroups might display favourable or unfa... Read More

Betahistine for tinnitus (Review) (2018)
Journal Article
Wegner, I., Hall, D. A., Smit, A. L., McFerran, D., & Stegeman, I. (2018). Betahistine for tinnitus (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018(12), doi:10.1002/14651858.CD013093.pub2

Background: Tinnitus is a symptom defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. In England alone there are an estimated ¾ million general practice consultations every year where the primary complaint is tinnitus, equating t... Read More

Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Xing, Y., Sapuan, A., Dineen, R., & Auer, D. P. (2018). Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI. Movement Disorders, 33(11), 1792-1799. doi:10.1002/mds.27502

Background: Neuromelanin is a pigment with strong iron-chelating properties preferentially found in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra, pars compacta (SNpc). Parkinson's disease is characterized by pronounced, MRI detectable neuromelanin lo... Read More

Listening in naturalistic scenes: what can functional near-infrared spectroscopy and intersubject correlation analysis tell us about the underlying brain activity? (2018)
Journal Article
Rowland, S. C., Hartley, D. E. H., & Wiggins, I. M. (2018). Listening in naturalistic scenes: what can functional near-infrared spectroscopy and intersubject correlation analysis tell us about the underlying brain activity?. Trends in Hearing, 22, (1-18). doi:10.1177/2331216518804116. ISSN 2331-2165

Listening to speech in the noisy conditions of everyday life can be effortful, reflecting the increased cognitive workload involved in extracting meaning from a degraded acoustic signal. Studying the underlying neural processes has the potential to p... Read More

Automated quality control for within and between studies diffusion MRI data using a non-parametric framework for movement and distortion correction (2018)
Journal Article
Bastiani, M., Cottaar, M., Fitzgibbon, S. P., Suri, S., Alfaro-Almagro, F., Sotiropoulos, S. N., …Andersson, J. (2019). Automated quality control for within and between studies diffusion MRI data using a non-parametric framework for movement and distortion correction. NeuroImage, 184, (801-812). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.073. ISSN 1053-8119

Diffusion MRI data can be affected by hardware and subject-related artefacts that can adversely affect downstream analyses. Therefore, automated quality control (QC) is of great importance, especially in large population studies where visual QC is no... Read More

Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) (2018)
Journal Article
Lawrence, R. J., Wiggins, I. M., Anderson, C. A., Davies-Thompson, J., & Hartley, D. E. (2018). Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Hearing Research, 370, 53-64. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2018.09.005

Functional neuroimaging has identified that the temporal, frontal and parietal cortex support core aspects of speech processing. An objective measure of speech intelligibility based on cortical activation in these brain regions would be extremely use... Read More

Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold (2018)
Journal Article
Hoad, C., Marciani, L., Spiller, R., Gowland, P., & Moran, G. (2019). Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 31(1), doi:10.1111/nmo.13466

Background The symptoms of functional bowel disorders are common in postprandial but investigations are generally undertaken in the fasted state using invasive procedures. MRI provides a noninvasive tool to study the gastrointestinal tract in an u... Read More

Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment (2018)
Journal Article
Meng, D., Li, X., Bauer, M., Taylor, J., Auer, D. P., & Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, . (2018). Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment. Radiology, 2018, doi:10.1148/radiol.2018180092

Purpose: To determine whether functional connectivity (FC) mapping of nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) cholinergic network (hereafter, NBM FC) could provide a biomarker of central cholinergic deficits with predictive potential for response to choline... Read More

Opioid receptors in the GI tract: targets for treatment of both diarrhea and constipation in functional bowel disorders? (2018)
Journal Article
Pannemans, J., & Corsetti, M. (2018). Opioid receptors in the GI tract: targets for treatment of both diarrhea and constipation in functional bowel disorders?. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 43, 53-58. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2018.08.008

Opioids have been used for centuries, mostly as a sedative and to treat pain. Currently, they are used on a global scale for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in diseases as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and low back pain. Binding of opioids on... Read More