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Longitudinal associations between hearing loss and general cognitive ability: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (2019)
Journal Article
Okely, J. A., Akeroyd, M. A., Allerhand, M., Starr, J. M., & Deary, I. J. (2019). Longitudinal associations between hearing loss and general cognitive ability: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Psychology and Aging, 34(6), 766-779. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000385

Hearing impairment is associated with poorer cognitive function in later life. We tested for the potential contribution of childhood cognitive ability to this relationship. Childhood cognitive ability is strongly related to cognitive function in olde... Read More

Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises (2019)
Journal Article
Caswell-Midwinter, B., & Whitmer, W. (2019). Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises. Trends in Hearing, 23, 1-12. doi:10.1177/2331216518820220

Frequency-dependent gain adjustments are routine in hearing-aid fittings, whether in matching to real-ear targets or fine-tuning to patient feedback. Patient feedback may be unreliable and fittings inefficient if adjustments are not discriminable. To... Read More

International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests: ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests (2015)
Journal Article
Akeroyd, M. A., Arlinger, S., Bentler, R. A., Boothroyd, A., Dillier, N., Dreschler, W. A., …Kollmeier, B. (2015). International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests: ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests. International Journal of Audiology, 54(Sup. 2), 17-22. doi:10.3109/14992027.2015.1030513

Objective: To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that ar... Read More

Distractions during critical phases of anaesthesia for caesarean section: an observational study (2014)
Journal Article
Jenkins, A., Wilkinson, J. V., Akeroyd, M. A., & Broom, M. A. (2015). Distractions during critical phases of anaesthesia for caesarean section: an observational study. Anaesthesia, 70(5), 543-548. doi:10.1111/anae.12979

Aviation's 'sterile cockpit' rule holds that distractions on the flight deck should be kept at a minimum during critical phases of flight. To assess current practice at comparable points during obstetric regional anaesthesia, we measured ambient nois... Read More

A method for measuring the intelligibility of uninterrupted, continuous speech (2014)
Journal Article
MacPherson, A., & Akeroyd, M. A. (2014). A method for measuring the intelligibility of uninterrupted, continuous speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(3), 1027-1030. doi:10.1121/1.4863657

Speech-in-noise tests commonly use short, discrete sentences as representative samples of everyday speech. These tests cannot, however, fully represent the added demands of understanding ongoing, linguistically complex speech. Using a new monitoring... Read More