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“In the garden, I make up for what I can’t in the park”: Reconnecting retired adults with nature through cultural ecosystem services from urban gardens (2022)
Journal Article
Tandarić, N., Watkins, C., & Ives, C. D. (2022). “In the garden, I make up for what I can’t in the park”: Reconnecting retired adults with nature through cultural ecosystem services from urban gardens. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 77, Article 127736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2022.127736

While cultural ecosystem services (CES) provided by collective urban gardens have been researched for more than a decade, how knowledge of CES can inform the governance of gardens and enhance gardeners’ wellbeing remains a challenge. Retired adults a... Read More about “In the garden, I make up for what I can’t in the park”: Reconnecting retired adults with nature through cultural ecosystem services from urban gardens.

From city in the park to “greenery in plant pots”: The influence of socialist and post-socialist planning on opportunities for cultural ecosystem services (2022)
Journal Article
Tandarić, N., Ives, C. D., & Watkins, C. (2022). From city in the park to “greenery in plant pots”: The influence of socialist and post-socialist planning on opportunities for cultural ecosystem services. Land Use Policy, 120, Article 106309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2022.106309

The paper examines the links between the cultural ecosystem services concept, political ideologies and urban planning. In particular, it investigates the extent to which cultural ecosystem services were considered in urban planning in socialist and p... Read More about From city in the park to “greenery in plant pots”: The influence of socialist and post-socialist planning on opportunities for cultural ecosystem services.

Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020-December 2021 (2022)
Journal Article
Smallman-Raynor, M. R., & Cliff, A. D. (2022). Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020-December 2021. Epidemiology and Infection, 150, Article e145. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268822001285

This paper uses a robust method of spatial epidemiological analysis to assess the spatial growth rate of multiple lineages of SARS-CoV-2 in the local authority areas of England, September 2020-December 2021. Using the genomic surveillance records of... Read More about Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020-December 2021.

The Environmental Risk Transition and Changing Health in Low and Middle Income Countries (2022)
Journal Article
Jewitt, S., & Smallman-Raynor, M. (in press). The Environmental Risk Transition and Changing Health in Low and Middle Income Countries. Geography Review Magazine,

Many low and middle income countries continue to experience a transition in the major causes of illness and death as they develop economically. Particularly rapid transitions have been witnessed in some countries of South and Southeast Asia and, to a... Read More about The Environmental Risk Transition and Changing Health in Low and Middle Income Countries.

A Geography of Infection: Spatial Processes and Patterns in Epidemics and Pandemics (2022)
Book
Smallman-Raynor, M., Cliff, A., Ord, K., & Haggett, P. (2022). A Geography of Infection: Spatial Processes and Patterns in Epidemics and Pandemics. (2nd). Oxford: Oxford University Press (OUP)

The last half century has witnessed two landmark events in medical history. The 1970s saw euphoria about the defeat of one of humankind’s oldest disease scourges with the global eradication of smallpox. To set against this, the 2020s are experiencing... Read More about A Geography of Infection: Spatial Processes and Patterns in Epidemics and Pandemics.

Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020–December 2021 (2022)
Working Paper
The COVID-19 Genomics UK (COG-UK) Consortium, Smallman-Raynor, M., & Cliff, A. D. Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020–December 2021

This paper uses a robust method of spatial epidemiological analysis to assess the spatial growth rate of multiple lineages of SARS-CoV-2 in the local authority areas of England, September 2020-December 2021. Using the genomic surveillance records of... Read More about Spatial Growth Rate of Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Lineages in England, September 2020–December 2021.

Rediscovering Lost Landscapes: Topographical Art in north-west Italy, 1800-1920 (2021)
Book
Piana, P., Watkins, C., & Balzaretti, R. (2021). Rediscovering Lost Landscapes: Topographical Art in north-west Italy, 1800-1920. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer

After the Napoleonic wars many wealthy British women and men settled along the coast in Liguria and travelled in Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta in search of warmth and health. They established English-speaking colonies of retired clerics, colonial offici... Read More about Rediscovering Lost Landscapes: Topographical Art in north-west Italy, 1800-1920.

Making Dalmatia green again: reforestation at the ‘horrible edge’ of Empire 1870–1918 (2021)
Journal Article
Tekic, I., & Watkins, C. (2021). Making Dalmatia green again: reforestation at the ‘horrible edge’ of Empire 1870–1918. Landscape History, 42(1), 99-118. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2021.1928889

Reforestation has been one of the main forestry activities in the karst terrain of Dalmatia, Croatia, for more than a century. This paper examines the history behind reforestation schemes in Dalmatia, a kingdom at the periphery of the Austro-Hungaria... Read More about Making Dalmatia green again: reforestation at the ‘horrible edge’ of Empire 1870–1918.

‘Sacred groves’- an insight into Dalmatian forest history (2021)
Journal Article
Tekic, I., & Watkins, C. (2021). ‘Sacred groves’- an insight into Dalmatian forest history. Sumarski List, 145(7-8), 337-346. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.145.7-8.3

The French administration in Dalmatia (1805-1813) was short but is often praised by foresters as advanced in terms of woodland management because of their establishment of so-called sacred groves or sacri boschi. Based on archival sources and19thcent... Read More about ‘Sacred groves’- an insight into Dalmatian forest history.

Women and estate management in the early eighteenth century: Barbara Savile at Rufford Abbey, Nottinghamshire (1700-34) (2021)
Journal Article
Law, S., Seymour, S., & Watkins, C. (2022). Women and estate management in the early eighteenth century: Barbara Savile at Rufford Abbey, Nottinghamshire (1700-34). Rural History, 33(1), 23-39. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0956793321000133

There is a rich and increasing body of research pointing to the significant role elite women played in property management during the eighteenth century. In this paper we examine the contribution of an elite widow, Barbara Savile, to the management o... Read More about Women and estate management in the early eighteenth century: Barbara Savile at Rufford Abbey, Nottinghamshire (1700-34).

Private Spirits, Public Lives: Sober Citizenship, Shame and Secret Drinking in Victorian Britain (2021)
Journal Article
Beckingham, D. (2021). Private Spirits, Public Lives: Sober Citizenship, Shame and Secret Drinking in Victorian Britain. Journal of Victorian Culture, 26(3), 419-434. https://doi.org/10.1093/jvcult/vcab008

This article considers Victorian concerns about the rise of secret drinking amongst respectable women. These new, apparently dangerous, practices were blamed on licensed grocers and even railway station refreshment rooms. Understandings of different... Read More about Private Spirits, Public Lives: Sober Citizenship, Shame and Secret Drinking in Victorian Britain.

Can we plan for urban cultural ecosystem services? (2020)
Journal Article
Tandari?, N., Ives, C. D., & Watkins, C. (2020). Can we plan for urban cultural ecosystem services?. Journal of Urban Ecology, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1093/jue/juaa016

Despite being intangible, subjective and difficult to measure, cultural ecosystem services (CES) are more comprehensible and meaningful to people than many other services. They contribute greatly to the quality of urban life and achieving sustainabil... Read More about Can we plan for urban cultural ecosystem services?.

Geomorphological Landscape Research and Flood Management in a Heavily Modified Tyrrhenian Catchment (2019)
Journal Article
Piana, P., Faccini, F., Luino, F., Paliaga, G., Sacchini, A., & Watkins, C. (2019). Geomorphological Landscape Research and Flood Management in a Heavily Modified Tyrrhenian Catchment. Sustainability, 11(17), Article 4594. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174594

Since the nineteenth century, most urban catchments in Europe have been subject to significant landscape variations. These modifications have been caused by population change and the transition through rural, industrial and post-industrial economies.... Read More about Geomorphological Landscape Research and Flood Management in a Heavily Modified Tyrrhenian Catchment.

The palm landscapes of the Italian Riviera (2019)
Journal Article
Piana, P., Watkins, C., & Balzaretti, R. (2019). The palm landscapes of the Italian Riviera. Landscapes, 19(1), 43-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/14662035.2019.1575112

Palm trees are today a characteristic feature of tropical tourist landscapes around the world, from the Caribbean to the Maldives. They are also a distinctive element of Mediterranean landscapes. On the Italian Riviera they are frequently found in th... Read More about The palm landscapes of the Italian Riviera.

Measuring long-term landscape change using historical photographs and the WSL Monoplotting Tool (2019)
Journal Article
Watkins, C., & Gabellieri, N. (2019). Measuring long-term landscape change using historical photographs and the WSL Monoplotting Tool. Landscape History, 40(1), 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2019.1600946

© 2019, © 2019 Society for Landscape Studies. This paper assesses the potential of software developed by the research group of the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) in order to georeference and vectorise historical... Read More about Measuring long-term landscape change using historical photographs and the WSL Monoplotting Tool.

Art and landscape history: British artists in nineteenth-century Val d’Aosta (NW Italy) (2018)
Journal Article
Piana, P., Watkins, C., & Balzaretti, R. (2018). Art and landscape history: British artists in nineteenth-century Val d’Aosta (NW Italy). Landscape History, 39(2), 91-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2018.1534460

This paper explores the value of landscape and topographical art for understanding contemporary landscapes of the Val d’Aosta, NW Italy. The region became very popular with British tourists in the early nineteenth-century and several amateur and prof... Read More about Art and landscape history: British artists in nineteenth-century Val d’Aosta (NW Italy).

Travel, modernity and rural landscapes in nineteenth-century Liguria (2018)
Journal Article
Piana, P., Watkins, C., & Balzaretti, R. (2018). Travel, modernity and rural landscapes in nineteenth-century Liguria. Rural History, 29(2), 167-193. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0956793318000079

New roads and later railways were essential for the modernisation and rapid economic development of North-western Italy in the early nineteenth century. The new routes also encouraged an increasing number of foreign travellers to visit the region. Th... Read More about Travel, modernity and rural landscapes in nineteenth-century Liguria.

Trees in art (2018)
Book
Watkins, C. (2018). Trees in art. London: Reaktion Books