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Molecular Aspects and Future Perspectives of Cytokine-Based Anti-cancer Immunotherapy (2020)
Journal Article
Chulpanova, D. S., Kitaeva, K. V., Green, A. R., Rizvanov, A. A., & Solovyeva, V. V. (2020). Molecular Aspects and Future Perspectives of Cytokine-Based Anti-cancer Immunotherapy. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.00402

Cytokine-based immunotherapy is a promising field in the cancer treatment, since cytokines, as proteins of the immune system, are able to modulate the host immune response toward cancer cell, as well as directly induce tumor cell death. Since a low d... Read More about Molecular Aspects and Future Perspectives of Cytokine-Based Anti-cancer Immunotherapy.

Elevated MMP9 expression in breast cancer is a predictor of shorter patient survival (2020)
Journal Article
Joseph, C., Alsaleem, M., Orah, N., Narasimha, P. L., Miligy, I. M., Kurozumi, S., …Rakha, E. A. (2020). Elevated MMP9 expression in breast cancer is a predictor of shorter patient survival. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 182, 267–282. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05670-x

Purpose: MMP9 is a matricellular protein associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling, that promotes tumour progression, and modulates the activity of cell adhesion molecules and cytokines. This study aims to assess the prognostic value of... Read More about Elevated MMP9 expression in breast cancer is a predictor of shorter patient survival.

PPFIA1 expression associates with poor response to endocrine treatment in luminal breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Alfarsi, L. H., El Ansari, R., Craze, M. L., Masisi, B. K., Ellis, I. O., Rakha, E. A., & Green, A. R. (2020). PPFIA1 expression associates with poor response to endocrine treatment in luminal breast cancer. BMC Cancer, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-06939-6

Background PPFIA1 is an important regulator of cell migration and invasion, regulating focal adhesion signalling and disassembly. PPFIA1 is frequently amplified in breast cancer, and recent functional studies indicate that PPFIA1 is an important pro... Read More about PPFIA1 expression associates with poor response to endocrine treatment in luminal breast cancer.

A novel prognostic two-gene signature for triple negative breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Alsaleem, M. A., Ball, G., Toss, M. S., Raafat, S., Aleskandarany, M., Joseph, C., …Rakha, E. (2020). A novel prognostic two-gene signature for triple negative breast cancer. Modern Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0563-7

The absence of a robust risk stratification tool for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) underlies imprecise and non-selective treatment of these patients with cytotoxic chemotherapy. This study aimed to interrogate transcriptomes of TNBC resected s... Read More about A novel prognostic two-gene signature for triple negative breast cancer.

The prognostic significance of ALDH1A1 expression in early invasive breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Althobiti, M., Ansari, R. E., Aleskandarany, M., Joseph, C., Toss, M. S., Green, A. R., & Rakha, E. A. (2020). The prognostic significance of ALDH1A1 expression in early invasive breast cancer. Histopathology, https://doi.org/10.1111/his.14129

Aims: Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A1 (ALDH1A1)is reportedly a key ALDH isozyme linked to the cancer stem cells (CSC) of many solid tumours, where it is involved in self-renewal, differentiation and self-protection. In this study, the progn... Read More about The prognostic significance of ALDH1A1 expression in early invasive breast cancer.

Myxovirus Resistance 1 (MX1) is an Independent Predictor of Poor Outcome in Invasive Breast Cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Aljohani, A. I., Joseph, C., Kurozumi, S., Mohammed, O. J., Miligy, I. M., Green, A. R., & Rakha, E. (2020). Myxovirus Resistance 1 (MX1) is an Independent Predictor of Poor Outcome in Invasive Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 181(3), 541–551. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05646-x

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a disease with variable morphology, clinical behaviour and response to therapy. Identifying factors associated with the progression of early stage BC can help understand the risk of metastasis and guide treatment dec... Read More about Myxovirus Resistance 1 (MX1) is an Independent Predictor of Poor Outcome in Invasive Breast Cancer.

Molecular Complexity of Lymphovascular Invasion: The Role of Cell Migration in Breast Cancer as a Prototype (2020)
Journal Article
Kariri, Y. A., Aleskandarany, M. A., Joseph, C., Toss, M. S., Kurozumi, S., Mohammed, O. J., …Rakha, E. A. (in press). Molecular Complexity of Lymphovascular Invasion: The Role of Cell Migration in Breast Cancer as a Prototype. Pathobiology,

Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is associated with poor outcome in breast cancer (BC); however, its underlying mechanisms remain ill-defined. LVI in BC develops through complex molecular pathways involving not only the interplay with the surrounding mi... Read More about Molecular Complexity of Lymphovascular Invasion: The Role of Cell Migration in Breast Cancer as a Prototype.

SPAG5: an emerging oncogene (2020)
Journal Article
He, J., Green, A. R., Li, Y., Chan, S. Y. T., & Liu, D. (2020). SPAG5: an emerging oncogene. Trends in Cancer, 6(7), 543-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trecan.2020.03.006

SPAG5 is a mitotic spindle protein. Recent studies have found that it is overexpressed in many human cancers and functions as an oncogene. We summarize the current underlying mechanisms for its oncogenic roles in regulating cellular behaviors of canc... Read More about SPAG5: an emerging oncogene.

The solute carrier SLC7A8 is a marker of favourable prognosis in ER- positive Low proliferative invasive breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Ansari, R. E., Craze, M. L., Alfarsi, L., Masisi, B. K., Ellis, I. O., Rakha, E. A., & Green, A. R. (2020). The solute carrier SLC7A8 is a marker of favourable prognosis in ER- positive Low proliferative invasive breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 181, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05586-6

Purpose: Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease consisting of various subtypes, with different prognostic and therapeutic outcomes. The amino acid transporter, SLC7A8, is over expressed in estrogen receptor positive BC. However the consequenc... Read More about The solute carrier SLC7A8 is a marker of favourable prognosis in ER- positive Low proliferative invasive breast cancer.

Cytoplasmic cyclin E is an independent marker of aggressive tumor biology and breast cancer-specific mortality in women over 70 years of age (2020)
Journal Article
Hunt, K. K., Ellis, I. O., Green, A. R., Caruso, J. A., Monteiro, C. J., Parks, R. M., …Cheung, K. L. (2020). Cytoplasmic cyclin E is an independent marker of aggressive tumor biology and breast cancer-specific mortality in women over 70 years of age. Cancers, 12(3), https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12030712

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Multi-cohort analysis demonstrated that cytoplasmic cyclin E expression in primary breast tumors predicts aggressive disease. However, compared to their younger counterparts, older patients ha... Read More about Cytoplasmic cyclin E is an independent marker of aggressive tumor biology and breast cancer-specific mortality in women over 70 years of age.

The prognostic significance of immune microenvironment in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (2020)
Journal Article
Toss, M. S., Abidi, A., Lesche, D., Joseph, C., Mahale, S., Saunders, H., …Rakha, E. A. (2020). The prognostic significance of immune microenvironment in breast ductal carcinoma in situ. British Journal of Cancer, 122, 1496–1506. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-0797-7

Background The role of different subtypes of tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is still poorly defined. This study aimed to assess the prognostic significance of B and T lymphocytes and immune checkpo... Read More about The prognostic significance of immune microenvironment in breast ductal carcinoma in situ.

The genetic architecture of breast papillary lesions as a predictor of progression to carcinoma (2020)
Journal Article
Thio, N., Kader, T., Elder, K., Zethoven, M., Semple, T., Hill, P., …Gorringe, K. L. (2020). The genetic architecture of breast papillary lesions as a predictor of progression to carcinoma. npj Breast Cancer, 6, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41523-020-0150-6

Intra-ductal papillomas (IDP) are challenging breast findings because of their variable risk of progression to malignancy. The molecular events driving IDP development and genomic features of malignant progression are poorly understood. In this study... Read More about The genetic architecture of breast papillary lesions as a predictor of progression to carcinoma.

PIK3Cδ expression by fibroblasts promotes triple-negative breast cancer progression (2020)
Journal Article
Kontoyiannis, D. L., Pearl, F. M., O’Hanlon, T., Benstead-Hume, G., Huang, P., Gagliano, T., …Giamas, G. (2020). PIK3Cδ expression by fibroblasts promotes triple-negative breast cancer progression. Journal of Clinical Investigation, https://doi.org/10.1172/jci128313

As there is growing evidence for the tumor microenvironment’s (TME) role in tumorigenesis, we investigated the role of fibroblast-expressed kinases in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Using a high-throughput kinome screen combined with 3D invasi... Read More about PIK3Cδ expression by fibroblasts promotes triple-negative breast cancer progression.

Combined HER3-EGFR score in triple-negative breast cancer provides prognostic and predictive significance superior to individual biomarkers (2020)
Journal Article
Ellis, I. O., Li, X. (., Moreno, C. S., Green, A. R., Janssen, E. A., Ogden, A., …Aneja, R. (2020). Combined HER3-EGFR score in triple-negative breast cancer provides prognostic and predictive significance superior to individual biomarkers. Scientific Reports, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59514-1

© 2020, The Author(s). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) have been investigated as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) biomarkers. Reduced EGFR levels can be compensated by increases in HER3;... Read More about Combined HER3-EGFR score in triple-negative breast cancer provides prognostic and predictive significance superior to individual biomarkers.

Co-Expression Effect of SLC7A5/SLC3A2 to Predict Response to Endocrine Therapy in Oestrogen-Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Ellis, I. O., Mohammed, O. J., Masisi, B. K., Craze, M. L., Alfarsi, L. H., …Green, A. R. (2020). Co-Expression Effect of SLC7A5/SLC3A2 to Predict Response to Endocrine Therapy in Oestrogen-Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(4), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041407

The majority of breast cancers are oestrogen receptor positive (ER+) and are subject to endocrine therapy however, an unpredictable subgroup of patients will develop resistance to endocrine therapy. SLC7A5/SLC3A2 complex is a major route for the tran... Read More about Co-Expression Effect of SLC7A5/SLC3A2 to Predict Response to Endocrine Therapy in Oestrogen-Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer.

The prognostic value of the tumor–stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple‐negative breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Vangangelt, K. M., Green, A. R., Heemskerk, I. (. F., Cohen, D., Van Pelt, G. W., Sobral-Leite, M., …Mesker, W. E. (2020). The prognostic value of the tumor–stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple‐negative breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer, 146(8), 2296-2304. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32857

The tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) was evaluated as a promising parameter for breast cancer prognostication in clinically relevant subgroups of patients. The TSR was assessed on hematoxylin and eosin stained tissue slides of 1794 breast cancer patients fro... Read More about The prognostic value of the tumor–stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple‐negative breast cancer.

Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Ellis, I. O., Craze, M. L., Ansari, R. E., Craze, M. L., Althobiti, M., …Green, A. R. (2019). Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 122, 94–101. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0626-z

Background: Cancer cells must alter their metabolism to support proliferation. Immune evasion also plays a role in supporting tumour progression. This study aimed to find whether enhanced glutamine uptake in breast cancer (BC) can derive the existenc... Read More about Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer.

Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients (2019)
Journal Article
Mohammed, R. A. A., El-Deek, H. E. M., Aleskandarany, M. A., Green, A. R., Ellis, I. O., & Rakha, E. A. (2019). Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients. Egyptian Journal of Pathology, 16(1), 115-122. https://doi.org/10.4103/EGJP.EGJP_15_19

Background and aims: Clinicopathological features of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC) in African American women have been extensively studied. Comparatively, less is known about these tumors in patients from countries in the North African region. The... Read More about Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients.

Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Elsharawy, K. A., Toss, M. S., Raaft, S. R., Ball, G., Green, A. R., Aleskandarany, M. A., …Rakha, E. A. (2020). Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer. Histopathology, 76(5), 671-684. https://doi.org/10.1111/his.14036

Aims: Nucleolar morphometric features have a potential role in the assessment of aggressiveness of many cancers. However, the role of nucleoli in invasive breast cancer (IBC) is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the optimal scoring metho... Read More about Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer.



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