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Accounting for variability in ion current recordings using a mathematical model of artefacts in voltage-clamp experiments (2020)
Journal Article
Clerx, M., Lei, C. L., Whittaker, D. G., Gavaghan, D. J., de Boer, T. P., & Mirams, G. R. (2020). Accounting for variability in ion current recordings using a mathematical model of artefacts in voltage-clamp experiments. Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 378(2173), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0348

Mathematical models of ion channels, which constitute indispensable components of action potential models, are commonly constructed by fitting to whole-cell patch-clamp data. In a previous study, we fitted cell-specific models to hERG1a (Kv11.1) reco... Read More about Accounting for variability in ion current recordings using a mathematical model of artefacts in voltage-clamp experiments.

Calibration of ionic and cellular cardiac electrophysiology models (2020)
Journal Article
Whittaker, D. G., Clerx, M., Lei, C. L., Christini, D. J., & Mirams, G. R. (2020). Calibration of ionic and cellular cardiac electrophysiology models. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine, 12(4), https://doi.org/10.1002/wsbm.1482

© 2020 The Authors. WIREs Systems Biology and Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Cardiac electrophysiology models are among the most mature and well-studied mathematical models of biological systems. This maturity is bringing new challenge... Read More about Calibration of ionic and cellular cardiac electrophysiology models.

Rapid characterisation of hERG channel kinetics II: temperature dependence (2019)
Journal Article
Lei, C. L., Clerx, M., Beattie, K. A., Melgari, D., Hancox, J. C., Gavaghan, D. J., …Mirams, G. R. (2019). Rapid characterisation of hERG channel kinetics II: temperature dependence. Biophysical Journal, 117(12), 2455-2470. https://doi.org/10.1101/609719

Ion channel behavior can depend strongly on temperature, with faster kinetics at physiological temperatures leading to considerable changes in currents relative to room temperature. These temperature-dependent changes in voltage-dependent ion channel... Read More about Rapid characterisation of hERG channel kinetics II: temperature dependence.

General Principles for the Validation of Proarrhythmia Risk Prediction Models: An Extension of the CiPA In Silico Strategy (2019)
Journal Article
Li, Z., Mirams, G. R., Yoshinaga, T., Ridder, B. J., Han, X., Chen, J. E., …Strauss, D. G. (2020). General Principles for the Validation of Proarrhythmia Risk Prediction Models: An Extension of the CiPA In Silico Strategy. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 107(1), 102-111. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpt.1647

This white paper presents principles for validating proarrhythmia risk prediction models for regulatory use as discussed at the In Silico Breakout Session of a Cardiac Safety Research Consortium/Health and Environmental Sciences Institute/US Food and... Read More about General Principles for the Validation of Proarrhythmia Risk Prediction Models: An Extension of the CiPA In Silico Strategy.

Four Ways to Fit an Ion Channel Model (2019)
Journal Article
Clerx, M., Beattie, K., Gavaghan, D., & Mirams, G. (2019). Four Ways to Fit an Ion Channel Model. Biophysical Journal, 117(12), 2420-2437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2019.08.001

© 2019 Biophysical Society Mathematical models of ionic currents are used to study the electrophysiology of the heart, brain, gut, and several other organs. Increasingly, these models are being used predictively in the clinic, for example, to predict... Read More about Four Ways to Fit an Ion Channel Model.

Rapid Characterization of hERG Channel Kinetics I: Using an Automated High-Throughput System (2019)
Journal Article
Lei, C. L., Clerx, M., Gavaghan, D. J., Polonchuk, L., Mirams, G. R., & Wang, K. (2019). Rapid Characterization of hERG Channel Kinetics I: Using an Automated High-Throughput System. Biophysical Journal, 117(12), 2438-2454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2019.07.029

Predicting how pharmaceuticals may affect heart rhythm is a crucial step in drug-development, and requires a deep understanding of a compound’s action on ion channels. In vitro hERG-channel current recordings are an important step in evaluating the p... Read More about Rapid Characterization of hERG Channel Kinetics I: Using an Automated High-Throughput System.

Selective recruitment of different Ca2+-dependent transcription factors by STIM1-Orai1 channel clusters (2019)
Journal Article
Lin, Y., Bakowski, D., Mirams, G. R., & Parekh, A. B. (2019). Selective recruitment of different Ca2+-dependent transcription factors by STIM1-Orai1 channel clusters. Nature Communications, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10329-3

© 2019, The Author(s). Store-operated Ca2+ entry, involving endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensing STIM proteins and plasma membrane Orai1 channels, is a widespread and evolutionary conserved Ca2+ influx pathway. This form of Ca2+ influx occurs at discre... Read More about Selective recruitment of different Ca2+-dependent transcription factors by STIM1-Orai1 channel clusters.

Defining vitamin D status using multi-metabolite mathematical modelling: a pregnancy perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Beentjes, C., Taylor-King, J., Bayani, A., Davis, C., Dunster, J., Jabbari, S., …Tamblyn, J. (2019). Defining vitamin D status using multi-metabolite mathematical modelling: a pregnancy perspective. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 190, 152-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2019.03.024

Vitamin D deficiency is linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pre-eclampsia (PET) but remains defined by serum measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) alone. To identify broader changes in vitamin D metabolism during normal and PET preg... Read More about Defining vitamin D status using multi-metabolite mathematical modelling: a pregnancy perspective.

Representation of multiple cellular phenotypes within tissue-level simulations of cardiac electrophysiology (2018)
Journal Article
Bowler, L. A., Gavaghan, D. J., Mirams, G. R., & Whiteley, J. P. (2019). Representation of multiple cellular phenotypes within tissue-level simulations of cardiac electrophysiology. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 81(1), 7–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11538-018-0516-1

Distinct electrophysiological phenotypes are exhibited 1 by biological cells that have differentiated into particular cell types. The usual approach when simulating the cardiac electrophysiology of tissue that includes different cell types is to mode... Read More about Representation of multiple cellular phenotypes within tissue-level simulations of cardiac electrophysiology.

Reproducible model development in the Cardiac Electrophysiology Web Lab (2018)
Journal Article
Daly, A. C., Clerx, M., Beattie, K. A., Cooper, J., Gavaghan, D. J., & Mirams, G. R. (2018). Reproducible model development in the Cardiac Electrophysiology Web Lab. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 139, 3-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2018.05.011

The modelling of the electrophysiology of cardiac cells is one of the most mature areas of systems biology. This extended concentration of research effort brings with it new challenges, foremost among which is that of choosing which of these models i... Read More about Reproducible model development in the Cardiac Electrophysiology Web Lab.