Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Glycaemic, Gastrointestinal , Hormonal and Appetitive Responses to Pearl Millet or Oats Porridge Breakfasts: a Randomized, Crossover Trial in Healthy Humans (2019)
Journal Article
Alyami, J., Whitehouse, E., Yakubov, G. E., Pritchard, S. E., Hoad, C. L., Blackshaw, E., …Marciani, L. (2019). Glycaemic, Gastrointestinal , Hormonal and Appetitive Responses to Pearl Millet or Oats Porridge Breakfasts: a Randomized, Crossover Trial in Healthy Humans. British Journal of Nutrition, doi:10.1017/S0007114519001880

Whole grain cereal breakfast consumption has been associated with beneficial effects on glucose and insulin metabolism as well as satiety. Pearl millet is a popular ancient grain variety that can be grown in hot, dry regions. However, little is known... Read More

Mitochondrial dysfunction causes Ca2+ overload and ECM degradation–mediated muscle damage in C. elegans (2019)
Journal Article
Sudevan, S., Takiura, M., Kubota, Y., Higashitani, N., Cooke, M., Ellwood, R. A., …Higashitani, A. (2019). Mitochondrial dysfunction causes Ca2+ overload and ECM degradation–mediated muscle damage in C. elegans. FASEB Journal, doi:10.1096/fj.201802298r

Mitochondrial dysfunction impairs muscle health and causes subsequent muscle wasting. This study explores the role of mitochondrial dysfunction as an intramuscular signal for the extracellular matrix (ECM)–based proteolysis and, consequentially, musc... Read More

Education Program for Carers in Facilities with Neuro Disabled Subjects EPoCFiNDS (2019)
Journal Article
Dionyssiotis, Y., Vellidou, E., Konstantinidis, S. T., Sarafis, P., Artemi, S., Stergiopoulou, K., …Koutsouris, D. (2019). Education Program for Carers in Facilities with Neuro Disabled Subjects EPoCFiNDS. Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls, 4(2), 45-50. doi:10.22540/JFSF-04-045

The prevalence of chronic illness and the disabilities they cause are strongly associated with age. According to the United Nations, in most countries around the world, 8-10% of the population has some form of disability. Carers are helping subject... Read More

The Schistosoma mansoni cyclophilin A epitope 107-121 induces a protective immune response against schistosomiasis (2019)
Journal Article
de Melo, T. T., Mendes, M. M., Alves, C. C., Carvalho, G. B., Fernandes, V. C., Pimenta, D. L. F., …Fonseca, C. T. (2019). The Schistosoma mansoni cyclophilin A epitope 107-121 induces a protective immune response against schistosomiasis. Molecular Immunology, 111, 172-181. doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2019.04.021

Great efforts have been made to identify promising antigens and vaccine formulations against schistosomiasis. Among the previously described Schistosoma vaccine candidates, cyclophilins comprise an interesting antigen that could be used for vaccine f... Read More

The acute transcriptional response to resistance exercise: impact of age and contraction mode (2019)
Journal Article
Deane, C. S., Ames, R. M., Phillips, B. E., Weedon, M. N., Willis, C. R., Boereboom, C., …Etheridge, T. (2019). The acute transcriptional response to resistance exercise: impact of age and contraction mode. Aging, 11(7), 2111-2126. doi:10.18632/101904

Optimization of resistance exercise (RE) remains a hotbed of research for muscle building and maintenance. However, the interactions between the contractile components of RE (i.e. concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC)) and age, are poorly defined. We... Read More

Role of comprehensive geriatric assessment in healthcare of older people in UK care homes: realist review (2019)
Journal Article
Sousa, L., Chadborn, N. H., Goodman, C., Zubair, M., Sousa, L., Gladman, J. R. F., …Gordon, A. L. (2019). Role of comprehensive geriatric assessment in healthcare of older people in UK care homes: realist review. BMJ Open, 9(4), 1-9. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026921

Objectives Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) may be a way to deliver optimal care for care home residents. We used realist review to develop a theory-driven account of how CGA works in care homes. Design Realist review Setting Care ho... Read More

Improving community support for older people’s needs through commissioning third sector services: a qualitative study (2019)
Journal Article
Chadborn, N., Craig, C., Sands, G., Schneider, J., & Gladman, J. (2019). Improving community support for older people’s needs through commissioning third sector services: a qualitative study. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 24(2), 116-123. doi:10.1177/1355819619829774

Aim: This exploratory study of commissioning third sector services for older people aimed to explore whether service data was fed back to commissioners and whether this could improve intelligence about the population and hence inform future commissio... Read More

IPSE, a parasite-derived host immunomodulatory protein, is a potential therapeutic for hemorrhagic cystitis (2019)
Journal Article
Zee, R. S., Mbanefo, E. C., Le, L. H., Pennington, L. F., Odegaard, J., Jardetzky, T. S., …Hsieh, M. H. (2019). IPSE, a parasite-derived host immunomodulatory protein, is a potential therapeutic for hemorrhagic cystitis. AJP - Renal Physiology, 316(6), F1133-F1140. doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00468.2018

Chemotherapy-induced hemorrhagic cystitis is characterized by bladder pain and voiding dysfunction caused by hemorrhage and inflammation. Novel therapeutic options to treat hemorrhagic cystitis are needed. We previously reported that systemic adminis... Read More

Tactical authenticity in the production of mad narratives (2019)
Journal Article
WRIGHT, C., & CLARKE, S. (2019). Tactical authenticity in the production of mad narratives. Social Theory and Health, 17(2), 15. doi:10.1057/s41285-019-00092-2

First-person accounts of madness and of encountering psychiatric services provide important sociocultural and psychological knowledge about the subjectivity of distress. The importance of such accounts is often based upon a claim of the authenticity... Read More

Do Antiretroviral Drugs Protect From Multiple Sclerosis By Inhibiting Expression Of MS-Associated Retrovirus? (2019)
Journal Article
Morandi, E., Tanasescu, R., Tarlington, R., Constantin-Teodosiu, D., & Gran, B. (2019). Do Antiretroviral Drugs Protect From Multiple Sclerosis By Inhibiting Expression Of MS-Associated Retrovirus?. Frontiers in Immunology, 9, doi:10.3389/fimmu.2018.03092

The expression of human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) has been associated with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The MS-related retrovirus (MSRV/HERV-W) has the potential to activate inflammatory immunity, which could promote both susceptibility and progres... Read More

Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises (2019)
Journal Article
Caswell-Midwinter, B., & Whitmer, W. (2019). Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises. Trends in Hearing, 23, 1-12. doi:10.1177/2331216518820220

Frequency-dependent gain adjustments are routine in hearing-aid fittings, whether in matching to real-ear targets or fine-tuning to patient feedback. Patient feedback may be unreliable and fittings inefficient if adjustments are not discriminable. To... Read More

Evolution of gene expression levels in the male reproductive organs of Anopheles mosquitoes (2019)
Journal Article
Izquierdo, A., Fahrenberger, M., Persampieri, T., Benedict, M. Q., Giles, T., Catteruccia, F., …Dottorini, T. (2019). Evolution of gene expression levels in the male reproductive organs of Anopheles mosquitoes. Life Science Alliance, 2(1), doi:10.26508/lsa.201800191

Modifications in gene expression determine many of the phenotypic differentiations between closely related species. This is particularly evident in reproductive tissues, where evolution of genes is more rapid, facilitating the appearance of distinct... Read More

The broiler chicken as a signal of a human reconfigured biosphere (2018)
Journal Article
Bennett, C. E., Thomas, R., Williams, M., Zalasiewicz, J., Edgeworth, M., Miller, H., …Marume, U. (2018). The broiler chicken as a signal of a human reconfigured biosphere. Royal Society Open Science, 5(12), doi:10.1098/rsos.180325

Changing patterns of human resource use and food consumption have profoundly impacted the Earth’s biosphere. Until now, no individual taxa have been suggested as distinct and characteristic new morphospecies representing this change. Here we show tha... Read More

Engaging and developing the frontline clinical nurse to drive care excellence: evaluating the Chief Nurse Junior Excellence in Care Fellowship Initiative (2018)
Journal Article
Bramley, L., Manning, J., & Cooper, J. (2018). Engaging and developing the frontline clinical nurse to drive care excellence: evaluating the Chief Nurse Junior Excellence in Care Fellowship Initiative. International Journal of Research in Nursing, 16(12), 1977-1990. doi:10.1177/1744987118808843

Background Global challenges in the development of a highly skilled and motivated nursing workforce, jeopardises the delivery of high quality care. Flexible and innovative workforce solutions are required to overcome these challenges. Aims... Read More

Parents’ and carers’ experiences of transition and aftercare following a child’s discharge from a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit to an in-patient ward setting: a qualitative systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Suleman, Z., Evans, C., & Manning, J. (2019). Parents’ and carers’ experiences of transition and aftercare following a child’s discharge from a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit to an in-patient ward setting: a qualitative systematic review. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 55, 35-44. doi:10.1016/j.iccn.2018.10.003

Objectives: To explore parents’ experiences of transition and aftercare following their child’s discharge from a pediatric intensive care unit to an inpatient ward. Methods: A qualitative systematic review was conducted. Electronic databases CINAHL,... Read More

Transcriptomic insights into the early host-pathogen interaction of cat intestine with Toxoplasma gondii (2018)
Journal Article
Wang, M., Zhang, F., Elsheikha, H. M., Zhang, N., He, J., Luo, J., & Zhu, X. (2018). Transcriptomic insights into the early host-pathogen interaction of cat intestine with Toxoplasma gondii. Parasites and Vectors, 11(1), doi:10.1186/s13071-018-3179-8

Background: Although sexual reproduction of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii exclusively occurs in the cat intestine, knowledge about the alteration of gene expression in the intestine of cats infected with T. gondii is still limited. Here, we investig... Read More

Structure-based exploration and pharmacological evaluation of N-substituted piperidin-4-yl-methanamine CXCR4 chemokine receptor antagonists (2018)
Journal Article
Adlere, I., Sun, S., Zarca, A., Roumen, L., Gozelle, M., Viciano, C. P., …Leurs, R. (2019). Structure-based exploration and pharmacological evaluation of N-substituted piperidin-4-yl-methanamine CXCR4 chemokine receptor antagonists. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 162, 631-649. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2018.10.060

Using the available structural information of the chemokine receptor CXCR4, we present hit finding and hit exploration studies that make use of virtual fragment screening, design, synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies. Fragment... Read More

Listening in naturalistic scenes: what can functional near-infrared spectroscopy and intersubject correlation analysis tell us about the underlying brain activity? (2018)
Journal Article
Rowland, S. C., Hartley, D. E. H., & Wiggins, I. M. (2018). Listening in naturalistic scenes: what can functional near-infrared spectroscopy and intersubject correlation analysis tell us about the underlying brain activity?. Trends in Hearing, 22, (1-18). doi:10.1177/2331216518804116. ISSN 2331-2165

Listening to speech in the noisy conditions of everyday life can be effortful, reflecting the increased cognitive workload involved in extracting meaning from a degraded acoustic signal. Studying the underlying neural processes has the potential to p... Read More

Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) (2018)
Journal Article
Lawrence, R. J., Wiggins, I. M., Anderson, C. A., Davies-Thompson, J., & Hartley, D. E. (2018). Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Hearing Research, 370, 53-64. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2018.09.005

Functional neuroimaging has identified that the temporal, frontal and parietal cortex support core aspects of speech processing. An objective measure of speech intelligibility based on cortical activation in these brain regions would be extremely use... Read More