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Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change (2021)
Journal Article
Decker Sparks, J. L., Boyd, D. S., Jackson, B., Ives, C. D., & Bales, K. (2021). Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change. One Earth, 4(2), 181-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.01.015

The modern slavery–environmental degradation–climate change nexus may threaten the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Globally, approximately 12.2 million workers are entrapped in modern slavery in environmentally degrading acti... Read More about Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change.

Modern slavery responses need international business scholarship (2020)
Journal Article
Trautrims, A. (2020). Modern slavery responses need international business scholarship. AIB Insights, 20(2), https://doi.org/10.46697/001c.13539

Modern slavery challenges our traditional approaches to business and business research. It questions a puristic focus on financial profits and some of the commonly used mechanisms in global supply chains such as outsourcing and the creation of long -... Read More about Modern slavery responses need international business scholarship.

Multinational corporations and human rights violations in emerging economies: does commitment to social and environmental responsibility matter? (2020)
Journal Article
Ullah, S., Adams, K., Adams, D., & Attah-Boakye, R. (2021). Multinational corporations and human rights violations in emerging economies: does commitment to social and environmental responsibility matter?. Journal of Environmental Management, 280, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111689

With the surge in economic growth in the global-north visa -vis social and economic inequalities in the global-south (north-south dichotomy), there is an increasing requirement for critical research and an examination of the policy implications with... Read More about Multinational corporations and human rights violations in emerging economies: does commitment to social and environmental responsibility matter?.

The UK construction and facilities management sector's response to the Modern Slavery Act: An intra-industry initiative against modern slavery (2020)
Journal Article
Trautrims, A., Gold, S., Emberson, C., Touboulic, A., & Carter, H. (2020). The UK construction and facilities management sector's response to the Modern Slavery Act: An intra-industry initiative against modern slavery. Business Strategy and Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/bsd2.158

© 2020 The Authors. Business Strategy and Development published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd The United Kingdom's Modern Slavery Act exposed companies to a new ethical challenge in their supply chains. An estimated 40.3 million peop... Read More about The UK construction and facilities management sector's response to the Modern Slavery Act: An intra-industry initiative against modern slavery.

Investigating the potential of radar interferometry for monitoring rural artisanal cobalt mines in the democratic republic of the congo (2020)
Journal Article
Brown, C., Daniels, A., Boyd, D. S., Sowter, A., Foody, G., & Kara, S. (2020). Investigating the potential of radar interferometry for monitoring rural artisanal cobalt mines in the democratic republic of the congo. Sustainability, 12(23), https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239834

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Greater awareness of the serious human rights abuses associated with the extraction and trade of cobalt in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has applied increasing pressure for busine... Read More about Investigating the potential of radar interferometry for monitoring rural artisanal cobalt mines in the democratic republic of the congo.

Remote sensing of fish-processing in the Sundarbans Reserve Forest, Bangladesh: an insight into the modern slavery-environment nexus in the coastal fringe (2020)
Journal Article
Jackson, B., Boyd, D. S., Ives, C. D., Decker Sparks, J. L., Foody, G. M., Marsh, S., & Bales, K. (2020). Remote sensing of fish-processing in the Sundarbans Reserve Forest, Bangladesh: an insight into the modern slavery-environment nexus in the coastal fringe. Maritime Studies, 19(4), 429–444. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40152-020-00199-7

© 2020, The Author(s). Land-based fish-processing activities in coastal fringe areas and their social-ecological impacts have often been overlooked by marine scientists and antislavery groups. Using remote sensing methods, the location and impacts of... Read More about Remote sensing of fish-processing in the Sundarbans Reserve Forest, Bangladesh: an insight into the modern slavery-environment nexus in the coastal fringe.

Collapsing the Boundaries between De Jure and De Facto Slavery: The Foundations of Slavery beyond the Transatlantic Frame (2020)
Journal Article
Schwarz, K., & Nicholson, A. (2020). Collapsing the Boundaries between De Jure and De Facto Slavery: The Foundations of Slavery beyond the Transatlantic Frame. Human Rights Review, 21, 391-414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12142-020-00604-y

The identification of contemporary forms of slavery is often problematically demarcated by reference to transatlantic enslavement as the definitive archetype. Such an approach overlooks other historic slaveries and neglects the totality of the maanga... Read More about Collapsing the Boundaries between De Jure and De Facto Slavery: The Foundations of Slavery beyond the Transatlantic Frame.

The Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill: a cost-benefit analysis (2020)
Other
Nicholson, A., Schwarz, K., Landman, T., & Griffith, A. (2020). The Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill: a cost-benefit analysis. Nottingham

This report provides an analysis of the costs and benefits of extending support to adult conclusive victims of human trafficking in England and Wales for 12 months after exiting the National Referral Mechanism (NRM), the UK’s identification and suppo... Read More about The Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill: a cost-benefit analysis.

Building Slavery-free Communities: A Resilience Framework (2020)
Journal Article
Gardner, A., Northall, P., & Brewster, B. (2020). Building Slavery-free Communities: A Resilience Framework. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322705.2020.1777828

There is growing interest in the use of community-based approaches to address the causes of modern slavery and the related goal of building anti-slavery 'resilience'. However, the concept of resilience is often poorly understood and applied without a... Read More about Building Slavery-free Communities: A Resilience Framework.

Diffusion of labor standards through supplier–subcontractor networks: An agent‐based model (2020)
Journal Article
Gold, S., Chesney, T., Gruchmann, T., & Trautrims, A. (2020). Diffusion of labor standards through supplier–subcontractor networks: An agent‐based model. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 24(6), 1274-1286. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13041

Subcontracting represents a popular business model in supply chains across industries. In the case of hidden subcontracting, subcontractors are beyond the visible horizon of the (focal) buying firm. Hence, buyers cannot intervene in the management of... Read More about Diffusion of labor standards through supplier–subcontractor networks: An agent‐based model.

Ending slavery by decarbonisation? Exploring the nexus of modern slavery, deforestation, and climate change action via REDD+ (2020)
Journal Article
Jackson, B., & Decker Sparks, J. L. (2020). Ending slavery by decarbonisation? Exploring the nexus of modern slavery, deforestation, and climate change action via REDD+. Energy Research and Social Science, 69, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2020.101610

Activities involving the deforestation are high-risk for modern slavery, and is an issue which has global consequences for forest environments and communities. Despite this, little work is being done to eradicate modern slavery from these sectors. An... Read More about Ending slavery by decarbonisation? Exploring the nexus of modern slavery, deforestation, and climate change action via REDD+.

“Political … civil and domestic slavery”: Harriet Taylor Mill and Anna Doyle Wheeler on marriage, servitude, and socialism (2020)
Journal Article
McCabe, H. (2020). “Political … civil and domestic slavery”: Harriet Taylor Mill and Anna Doyle Wheeler on marriage, servitude, and socialism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, https://doi.org/10.1080/09608788.2020.1750348

Harriet Taylor Mill and Anna Wheeler are two 19th century British feminists generally over-shadowed by the fame of the men with whom they co-authored (respectively John Stuart Mill and William Thompson). Yet both made important, and interesting, cont... Read More about “Political … civil and domestic slavery”: Harriet Taylor Mill and Anna Doyle Wheeler on marriage, servitude, and socialism.

Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector (2020)
Book Chapter
Jardine, A., Trautrims, A., & Gardner, A. (in press). Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector. In M. Gabriele Arnold, S. Gold, J. N. Muthuri, & X. Rueda (Eds.), Base of the Pyramid Markets in Affluent Countries: Innovation and challenges to sustainability. Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Hand car washing, the process of washing a vehicle by hand, is a relatively new business activity in the United Kingdom (UK). Prior to 2004, hand car washes (HCWs) were virtually non-existent (Clark & Colling, 2018). However, it is estimated that bet... Read More about Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector.

Understanding the co‐occurrence of tree loss and modern slavery to improve efficacy of conservation actions and policies (2020)
Journal Article
Jackson, B., Decker Sparks, J. L., Brown, C., & Boyd, D. S. (2020). Understanding the co‐occurrence of tree loss and modern slavery to improve efficacy of conservation actions and policies. Conservation Science and Practice, 2(5), https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.183

Locations where populations are most reliant on forests and their ecosystem services for subsistence and development are also areas where modern slavery persists. These issues are noted within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), both target 15.... Read More about Understanding the co‐occurrence of tree loss and modern slavery to improve efficacy of conservation actions and policies.

Building a Bedrock of Trust Between Citizens, Law Enforcement and Other Stakeholders: A Scalable Architecture for Community Policing (2019)
Book Chapter
Marzell, L., & Brewster, B. (2019). Building a Bedrock of Trust Between Citizens, Law Enforcement and Other Stakeholders: A Scalable Architecture for Community Policing. In B. Akhgar, P. S. Bayerl, & G. Leventakis (Eds.), Social Media Strategy in Policing: From Cultural Intelligence to Community Policing (139-158). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22002-0_8

In today’s complex and interconnected world, the diverse communities that exist within it are complex ecosystems; no longer defined by geography alone. Instead, a multitude of factors, interests and connections, both virtual and physical, bind us tog... Read More about Building a Bedrock of Trust Between Citizens, Law Enforcement and Other Stakeholders: A Scalable Architecture for Community Policing.

Introducing the Slave Next Door (2019)
Journal Article
Birks, J., & Gardner, A. (2019). Introducing the Slave Next Door. Anti-Trafficking Review, 2019(13), 66-81. https://doi.org/10.14197/atr.201219135

Past studies have indicated that the British public consider human trafficking to be remote from their personal experiences. However, an increase in local press reporting, alongside the emergence of locally co-ordinated anti-modern slavery campaigns,... Read More about Introducing the Slave Next Door.

Social work students’ perspective on environmental justice: gaps and challenges for preparing students (2019)
Journal Article
Sparks, J., Massey Combs, K., & Yu, J. (2019). Social work students’ perspective on environmental justice: gaps and challenges for preparing students. Journal of Community Practice, 27(3-4), 476-486. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705422.2019.1655124

The integration of environmental justice into social work education, research, and practice has grown substantially in the past decade. However, social workers still report feeling unprepared to address these challenges with their clients and communi... Read More about Social work students’ perspective on environmental justice: gaps and challenges for preparing students.