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Towards a model of port-based resilience against fisher labour exploitation (2022)
Journal Article
Phelan, K., Gardner, A., Selig, E. R., & Sparks, J. L. D. (2022). Towards a model of port-based resilience against fisher labour exploitation. Marine Policy, 142, Article 105108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105108

Fishers have pronounced vulnerabilities to labour exploitation and modern slavery. Regulatory efforts to mitigate fisher labour exploitation through domestic modern slavery legislation, and through the ratification and implementation of The Internati... Read More about Towards a model of port-based resilience against fisher labour exploitation.

The unequal impact of Covid?19 on the lives and rights of the children of modern slavery survivors, children in exploitation and children at risk of entering exploitation (2022)
Journal Article
Jiménez, E., Brotherton, V., Gardner, A., Wright, N., Browne, H., Esiovwa, N., …Trodd, Z. (2022). The unequal impact of Covid‐19 on the lives and rights of the children of modern slavery survivors, children in exploitation and children at risk of entering exploitation. Children & Society, https://doi.org/10.1111/chso.12572

This article discusses the unequal impact of Covid-19 on the lives of the children of survivors of modern slavery, child victims of exploitation and children at risk of exploitation in the UK. It draws on research that has analysed the risks and impa... Read More about The unequal impact of Covid?19 on the lives and rights of the children of modern slavery survivors, children in exploitation and children at risk of entering exploitation.

Worker-less social responsibility: How the proliferation of voluntary labour governance tools in seafood marginalise the workers they claim to protect (2022)
Journal Article
Decker Sparks, J. L., Matthews, L., Cárdenas, D., & Williams, C. (2022). Worker-less social responsibility: How the proliferation of voluntary labour governance tools in seafood marginalise the workers they claim to protect. Marine Policy, 139, Article 105044. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105044

In response to labour and human rights violations onboard fishing vessels, the private sector is increasingly relying on market-based solutions in the form of voluntary, non-governmental social governance tools to improve working conditions for fishe... Read More about Worker-less social responsibility: How the proliferation of voluntary labour governance tools in seafood marginalise the workers they claim to protect.

Participatory Photography, Ethical Storytelling, and Modern Slavery Survivor Voices: Adapting to COVID-19 (2022)
Book Chapter
Haji, A. A., Baya, R., Brady, E., McCabe, H., Manji, Y., & Otiende, S. (2022). Participatory Photography, Ethical Storytelling, and Modern Slavery Survivor Voices: Adapting to COVID-19. In M. do Carmo dos Santos Gonçalves, R. Gutwald, T. Kleibl, R. Lutz, N. Noyoo, & J. Twikirize (Eds.), The Coronavirus Crisis and Challenges to Social Development: Global Perspectives (371-380). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-84678-7_31

Conducting a truly participatory research project between partners in the Global North and Global South brings challenges in normal circumstances, yet when the COVID-19 pandemic forced our project to pause, we overcame multiple additional challenges... Read More about Participatory Photography, Ethical Storytelling, and Modern Slavery Survivor Voices: Adapting to COVID-19.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Survivors of Human Trafficking in Kenya: A Participatory Approach (2021)
Journal Article
Brady, E., McCabe, H., Otiende, S., Baya, R., Manji, Y., Sorby, R., …Muhunyo, M. (2021). The Impact of COVID-19 on Survivors of Human Trafficking in Kenya: A Participatory Approach. Journal of Modern Slavery, 6(2), 247-266

Researchers and practitioners are increasingly calling for the involvement of survivors of human trafficking at all levels of, and in all areas of, anti-trafficking research, policy, work and legislation. Although it is now quite common for survivors... Read More about The Impact of COVID-19 on Survivors of Human Trafficking in Kenya: A Participatory Approach.

Decent work in fisheries: Current trends and key considerations for future research and policy (2021)
Journal Article
Garcia Lozano, A. J., Decker Sparks, J. L., Durgana, D. P., Farthing, C. M., Fitzpatrick, J., Krough-Poulsen, B., …Kittinger, J. N. (2022). Decent work in fisheries: Current trends and key considerations for future research and policy. Marine Policy, 136, Article 104922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104922

Labor issues and human rights violations have become the subject of rising concern in fisheries and seafood production. This paper reviews recent research on labor issues in the fishing industry, especially by environmental researchers and nongovernm... Read More about Decent work in fisheries: Current trends and key considerations for future research and policy.

Modern Slavery as a Threat to Forests: Reviewing the Links between Modern Slavery, Deforestation, and Potential Solutions (2021)
Book Chapter
JACKSON, B. (2021). Modern Slavery as a Threat to Forests: Reviewing the Links between Modern Slavery, Deforestation, and Potential Solutions. In J. A. Daniels (Ed.), Advances in Environmental Research. Volume 84. Nova Science Publishers. https://doi.org/10.52305/GQSU4556

Modern slavery is a growing concern within the developmental space. There are an estimated 40.3 million people subjected to experiences of modern slavery according to the International Labour Organization (ILO), with 15-30% of those being linked to e... Read More about Modern Slavery as a Threat to Forests: Reviewing the Links between Modern Slavery, Deforestation, and Potential Solutions.

Modern slavery, environmental degradation and climate change: present and future pathways for addressing the nexus (2021)
Report
Jackson, B., Brotherton, V., Tichenor Blackstone, N., & Decker Sparks, J. L. (2021). Modern slavery, environmental degradation and climate change: present and future pathways for addressing the nexus. https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/research/beacons-of-excellence/rights-lab/resources/reports-and-briefings/index.aspx: World Wildlife Fund for Nature U.S

Roundtable Report based on the findings of an event hosted by the Rights Lab, Delta 8.7 and funded by WWF U.S. to support the development of a collaborative action plan to support efforts for the antislavery and environmental communities to work toge... Read More about Modern slavery, environmental degradation and climate change: present and future pathways for addressing the nexus.

Risk of forced labour embedded in the US fruit and vegetable supply (2021)
Journal Article
Blackstone, N. T., Norris, C. B., Robbins, T., Jackson, B., & Decker Sparks, J. L. (2021). Risk of forced labour embedded in the US fruit and vegetable supply. Nature Food, 2(9), 692-699. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00339-0

Sustainable food consumption studies have largely focused on promoting human health within ecological limits. Less attention has been paid to social sustainability, in part because of limited data and models. Globally, agriculture has one of the high... Read More about Risk of forced labour embedded in the US fruit and vegetable supply.

A multi?method approach to prioritize locations of labor exploitation for ground?based interventions (2021)
Journal Article
Kougkoulos, I., Cakir, M. S., Kunz, N., Boyd, D. S., Trautrims, A., Hatzinikolaou, K., & Gold, S. (2021). A multi?method approach to prioritize locations of labor exploitation for ground?based interventions. Production and Operations Management, 30(12), 4396-4411. https://doi.org/10.1111/poms.13496

Recent estimates suggest that more than 40 million people worldwide are in situations of modern slavery and other forms of labor exploitation. UN Sustainable Development Goal 8.7 addresses this problem and urges stakeholders to take effective measure... Read More about A multi?method approach to prioritize locations of labor exploitation for ground?based interventions.

Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector (2021)
Book Chapter
Jardine, A., Trautrims, A., & Gardner, A. (2021). Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector. In S. Gold, M. G. Arnold, J. N. Muthuri, & X. Rueda (Eds.), Base of the Pyramid Markets in Affluent Countries: Innovation and challenges to sustainability. Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Hand car washing, the process of washing a vehicle by hand, is a relatively new business activity in the United Kingdom (UK). Prior to 2004, hand car washes (HCWs) were virtually non-existent (Clark & Colling, 2018). However, it is estimated that bet... Read More about Far from Clean: Labour Exploitation in the UK’s Hand Car Wash Sector.

Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change (2021)
Journal Article
Decker Sparks, J. L., Boyd, D. S., Jackson, B., Ives, C. D., & Bales, K. (2021). Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change. One Earth, 4(2), 181-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.01.015

The modern slavery–environmental degradation–climate change nexus may threaten the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Globally, approximately 12.2 million workers are entrapped in modern slavery in environmentally degrading acti... Read More about Growing evidence of the interconnections between modern slavery, environmental degradation, and climate change.

Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour, Human Trafficking (2021)
Book
Cockayne, J. (2021). Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour, Human Trafficking. New York: United Nations University

This project aimed to establish and promote a clear case for the global development community to prioritize anti-slavery and anti-trafficking in development programming and policies. Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7 commits states to fight mod... Read More about Developing Freedom: The Sustainable Development Case for Ending Modern Slavery, Forced Labour, Human Trafficking.

After Enslavement Ends: Ensuring Redress for Victims (2020)
Book Chapter
Schwarz, K. (2020). After Enslavement Ends: Ensuring Redress for Victims. In K. Bales, & Z. Trodd (Eds.), The Antislavery Usable Past: History’s Lessons for How We End Slavery Today (133-156). Rights Lab, University of Nottingham