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Review: More effective linkages between science and policy are needed to minimize the negative environmental impacts of livestock production (2021)
Journal Article
Gill, M., Garnsworthy, P. C., & Wilkinson, J. M. (2021). Review: More effective linkages between science and policy are needed to minimize the negative environmental impacts of livestock production. animal, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.animal.2021.100291

Animals form an integral part of our planetary ecosystem but balance is critical to effective ecosystem functioning as demand for livestock products has increased, greater numbers of domesticated livestock have created an imbalance and hence had a ne... Read More about Review: More effective linkages between science and policy are needed to minimize the negative environmental impacts of livestock production.

Biology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of selected fish-borne parasitic zoonoses (2021)
Journal Article
Cong, W., & Elsheikha, H. M. (2021). Biology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of selected fish-borne parasitic zoonoses. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 94(2), 297-309

Fish-borne parasites have been part of the global landscape of food-borne zoonotic diseases for many decades and are often endemic in certain regions of the world. The past 20 years or so have seen the expansion of the range of fish-borne parasitic z... Read More about Biology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of selected fish-borne parasitic zoonoses.

Short-term variations of c18:1 trans fatty acids in plasma lipoproteins and ruminal fermentation parameters of non-lactating cows subjected to ruminal pulses of oils (2021)
Journal Article
Vargas-Bello-Pérez, E., Loor, J. J., & Garnsworthy, P. C. (2021). Short-term variations of c18:1 trans fatty acids in plasma lipoproteins and ruminal fermentation parameters of non-lactating cows subjected to ruminal pulses of oils. Animals, 11(3), https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030788

© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The objective of this study was to evaluate short-term variations of trans fatty acids (TFA) in plasma lipoproteins and ruminal fermentation parameters of non-lactating cows subjected to rumin... Read More about Short-term variations of c18:1 trans fatty acids in plasma lipoproteins and ruminal fermentation parameters of non-lactating cows subjected to ruminal pulses of oils.

Evaluation of rumen protected rapeseed expeller (NovaPro) as an alternative to soya bean meal in dairy cow diets (2021)
Journal Article
Garnsworthy, P. C., Saunders, N., Goodman, J. R., & Marsden, M. (2021). Evaluation of rumen protected rapeseed expeller (NovaPro) as an alternative to soya bean meal in dairy cow diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2021.114816

There are environmental, social and economic pressures to reduce the use of soya bean meal in ruminant diets by using alternative protein sources, such as those derived from rapeseed. A new protected form of rapeseed (NovaPro) has been developed to p... Read More about Evaluation of rumen protected rapeseed expeller (NovaPro) as an alternative to soya bean meal in dairy cow diets.

Inclusion of Wheat Dried Distillers’ Grains with Solubles from Bioethanol Plants in Diets for Dairy Cows (2021)
Journal Article
Garnsworthy, P. C., Marsden, M., Goodman, J. R., & Saunders, N. (2021). Inclusion of Wheat Dried Distillers’ Grains with Solubles from Bioethanol Plants in Diets for Dairy Cows. Animals, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11010070

Dried distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS) from bioethanol production can replace soya in diets for dairy cows, but optimum inclusion level of European wheat-DDGS (wDDGS) is unknown. Two batches of wDDGS from different UK bioethanol plants were fe... Read More about Inclusion of Wheat Dried Distillers’ Grains with Solubles from Bioethanol Plants in Diets for Dairy Cows.

Cordycepin, a metabolite of Cordyceps militaris, reduces immune-related gene expression in insects (2020)
Journal Article
Woolley, V. C., Teakle, G. R., Prince, G., de Moor, C. H., & Chandler, D. (2020). Cordycepin, a metabolite of Cordyceps militaris, reduces immune-related gene expression in insects. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2020.107480

Hypocrealean entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) (Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) are natural regulators of insect populations in terrestrial environments. Their obligately-killing life-cycle means that there is likely to be strong selection pressure for trait... Read More about Cordycepin, a metabolite of Cordyceps militaris, reduces immune-related gene expression in insects.

Effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid sources on expression of lipid-related genes in bovine milk somatic cells (2020)
Journal Article
Vargas-Bello-Pérez, E., Cancino-Padilla, N., Geldsetzer-Mendoza, C., Morales, M. S., Leskinen, H., Garnsworthy, P. C., …Romero, J. (2020). Effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid sources on expression of lipid-related genes in bovine milk somatic cells. Scientific Reports, 10, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71930-x

© 2020, The Author(s). The objective of this study was to compare the effect of contrasting sources of dietary n-6 and n-3 PUFA on expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in dairy cows. During 63days, fifteen lactating cows were assigned to a... Read More about Effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid sources on expression of lipid-related genes in bovine milk somatic cells.

Comparison of Methods to Measure Methane for Use in Genetic Evaluation of Dairy Cattle (2019)
Journal Article
Garnsworthy, P. C., Difford, G. F., Bell, M. J., Bayat, A. R., Huhtanen, P., Kuhla, B., …Yan, T. (2019). Comparison of Methods to Measure Methane for Use in Genetic Evaluation of Dairy Cattle. Animals, 9(10), https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9100837

Partners in Expert Working Group WG2 of the COST Action METHAGENE (www.methagene.eu) have used several methods for measuring methane output by individual dairy cattle under various environmental conditions. Methods included respiration chambers, the... Read More about Comparison of Methods to Measure Methane for Use in Genetic Evaluation of Dairy Cattle.

Effect of Feeding Cows with Unsaturated Fatty Acid Sources on Milk Production, Milk Composition, Milk Fatty Acid Profile, and Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Ice Cream (2019)
Journal Article
Vargas-Bello-Pérez, E., Cancino-Padilla, N., Geldsetzer-Mendoza, C., Vyhmeister, S., Morales, M. S., Leskinen, H., …Ibáñez, R. A. (2019). Effect of Feeding Cows with Unsaturated Fatty Acid Sources on Milk Production, Milk Composition, Milk Fatty Acid Profile, and Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Ice Cream. Animals, 9(8), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080568

Simple Summary: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementation of dairy cows' diets with different fatty acid (FA) sources on milk production, milk composition, milk fatty acid profile, and physicochemical and sensory char... Read More about Effect of Feeding Cows with Unsaturated Fatty Acid Sources on Milk Production, Milk Composition, Milk Fatty Acid Profile, and Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Ice Cream.

A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions (2019)
Journal Article
Wallace, R. J., Sasson, G., Garnsworthy, P. C., Tapio, I., Gregson, E., Bani, P., …Mizrahi, I. (2019). A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions. Science Advances, 5(7), https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav8391

A 1000-cow study across four European countries was undertaken to understand to what extent ruminant microbiomes can be controlled by the host animal and to identify characteristics of the host rumen microbiome axis that determine productivity and me... Read More about A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions.

Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change (2019)
Journal Article
Mayes, S., Ho, W. K., Chai, H. H., Gao, X., Kundy, A. C., Mateva, K. I., …Azam-Ali, S. (2019). Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change. Planta, 250(3), 803-820. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-019-03191-6

World agriculture is currently based on very limited numbers of crops, representing a significant risk to food supplies, particularly in the face of climate change which is expected to increase the frequency of extreme events. Minor and underutilised... Read More about Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change.

Short communication: Heritability of methane production and genetic correlations with milk yield and body weight in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (2019)
Journal Article
Breider, I., Wall, E., & Garnsworthy, P. (2019). Short communication: Heritability of methane production and genetic correlations with milk yield and body weight in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 102(8), 7277-7281. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15909

Greenhouse gases originating from the dairy sector, including methane (CH 4), contribute to global warming. A possible strategy to reduce CH 4 production is to use genetic selection. This requires genetic parameters for CH 4 production and correlatio... Read More about Short communication: Heritability of methane production and genetic correlations with milk yield and body weight in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows.

Productivity framework (2018)
Journal Article
Wagstaff, C., Kendrick, F., Dennis, C., Hollington, P., Hess, T., Brameld, J., …Mason, B. (2018). Productivity framework. Food Science and Technology -London-, 32(4), 56-61

Researchers look at skills shortages and careers pathways in the agrifood industry. Sustaining the agriculture, food and drink industries requires human capital. Current estimates calculate that the agrifood supply chain employs approaching 4m people... Read More about Productivity framework.

Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) is linked to beta 1-integrin protein abundance in unilaterally milked bovine mammary glands (2015)
Journal Article
Murney, R., Stelwagen, K., Wheeler, T., Margerison, J., & Singh, K. (2015). Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) is linked to beta 1-integrin protein abundance in unilaterally milked bovine mammary glands. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(5), 3133-3142. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2014-9003

© 2015 American Dairy Science Association. Prolactin (PRL) is important in the regulation of milk synthesis in mammary epithelial cells (MEC). In cattle, circulating levels of PRL are not limiting, suggesting the possible involvement of other factors... Read More about Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) is linked to beta 1-integrin protein abundance in unilaterally milked bovine mammary glands.

The effects of milking frequency in early lactation on milk yield, mammary cell turnover, and secretory activity in grazing dairy cows (2014)
Journal Article
Murney, R., Margerison, J. K., Stelwagen, K., Wheeler, T., & Singh, K. (2015). The effects of milking frequency in early lactation on milk yield, mammary cell turnover, and secretory activity in grazing dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(1), 305-311. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2014-8745

In dairy cows, short-term changes of milking frequency in early lactation have been shown to produce an immediate and a long-term effect on milk yield in stall-fed cows. The effect is controlled locally within mammary glands and could be a function o... Read More about The effects of milking frequency in early lactation on milk yield, mammary cell turnover, and secretory activity in grazing dairy cows.