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In vitro digestion of galactolipids from chloroplast-rich fraction (CRF) of postharvest pea vine field residue (halum) and spinach leaves (2019)
Journal Article
Wattanakul, J., Sahaka, M., Amara, S., Syamila, M., Gontero, B., Carrière, F., & Gray, D. (2019). In vitro digestion of galactolipids from chloroplast-rich fraction (CRF) of postharvest pea vine field residue (halum) and spinach leaves. Food and Function, https://doi.org/10.1039/C9FO01867K

The removal of intact chloroplasts from their cell wall confinement offers a novel way to obtain lipophilic nutrients from green biomass, especially carotenoids and galactolipids. These latter are the main membrane lipids in plants and they represent... Read More about In vitro digestion of galactolipids from chloroplast-rich fraction (CRF) of postharvest pea vine field residue (halum) and spinach leaves.

An Appraisal of Developments in Allium Sulfur Chemistry: Expanding the Pharmacopeia of Garlic (2019)
Journal Article
Rose, P., Moore, P. K., Whiteman, M., & Zhu, Y. (2019). An Appraisal of Developments in Allium Sulfur Chemistry: Expanding the Pharmacopeia of Garlic. Molecules, 24(21), https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24214006

Alliums and allied plant species are rich sources of sulfur compounds that have effects on vascular homeostasis and the control of metabolic systems linked to nutrient metabolism in mammals. In view of the multiple biological effects ascribed to thes... Read More about An Appraisal of Developments in Allium Sulfur Chemistry: Expanding the Pharmacopeia of Garlic.

Bioethanol Production from UK Seaweeds: Investigating Variable Pre-treatment and Enzyme Hydrolysis Parameters (2019)
Journal Article
Kostas, E. T., White, D. A., & Cook, D. J. (2019). Bioethanol Production from UK Seaweeds: Investigating Variable Pre-treatment and Enzyme Hydrolysis Parameters. BioEnergy Research, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-019-10054-1

This study describes the method development for bioethanol production from three species of seaweed. Laminaria digitata, Ulva lactuca and for the first time Dilsea carnosa were used as representatives of brown, green and red species of seaweed, respe... Read More about Bioethanol Production from UK Seaweeds: Investigating Variable Pre-treatment and Enzyme Hydrolysis Parameters.

The effect of cellulose and starch on the viscoelastic and thermal properties of acid-swollen collagen paste (2019)
Journal Article
Sobanwa, M., Foster, T., & Watson, N. (2020). The effect of cellulose and starch on the viscoelastic and thermal properties of acid-swollen collagen paste. Food Hydrocolloids, 101, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2019.105460

Collagen pastes are processed materials obtained through the swelling of minced bovine hides using acids into a fibrous swollen structure. Depending on the application, there is a need to improve the performance of these pastes in terms of rheologica... Read More about The effect of cellulose and starch on the viscoelastic and thermal properties of acid-swollen collagen paste.

Protocol for a two-arm feasibility RCT to support postnatal maternal weight management and positive lifestyle behaviour in women from an ethnically diverse inner city population: the SWAN feasibility trial (2019)
Journal Article
O'Connor, S., Bick, D., Taylor, C., Avery, A., Bhavnani, V., Craig, V., …Ussher, M. (2019). Protocol for a two-arm feasibility RCT to support postnatal maternal weight management and positive lifestyle behaviour in women from an ethnically diverse inner city population: the SWAN feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 5, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-019-0497-3

Introduction: A high BMI during and after pregnancy is linked to poor pregnancy outcomes and contributes to long-term maternal obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. Evidence of feasible, effective postnatal interventions is lacking. This randomised co... Read More about Protocol for a two-arm feasibility RCT to support postnatal maternal weight management and positive lifestyle behaviour in women from an ethnically diverse inner city population: the SWAN feasibility trial.

Expression of cholesterol packaging and transport genes in human and rat placenta: impact of obesity and a high-fat diet (2019)
Journal Article
Draycott, S. A., Daniel, Z., Khan, R., Muhlhausler, B. S., & Langley-Evans, S. C. (2019). Expression of cholesterol packaging and transport genes in human and rat placenta: impact of obesity and a high-fat diet. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, https://doi.org/10.1017/S2040174419000606

Evidence suggests that sub-optimal maternal nutrition has implications for the developing offspring. We have previously shown that exposure to a low-protein diet during gestation was associated with upregulation of genes associated with cholesterol t... Read More about Expression of cholesterol packaging and transport genes in human and rat placenta: impact of obesity and a high-fat diet.

The effect of monovalent (Na+, K+) and divalent (Ca2+, Mg2+) cations on rapeseed oleosome (oil body) extraction and stability at pH 7 (2019)
Journal Article
Juliana Romero-Guzmán, M., Petris, V., De Chirico, S., di Bari, V., Gray, D., Boom, R. M., & Nikiforidis, C. V. (2020). The effect of monovalent (Na+, K+) and divalent (Ca2+, Mg2+) cations on rapeseed oleosome (oil body) extraction and stability at pH 7. Food Chemistry, 306, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125578

Oleosomes are storage vehicles of TAGs in plant seeds. They are protected with a phospholipid-protein monolayer and extracted with alkaline aqueous media; however, pH adjustment intensifies the extraction process. Therefore the aim of this work was t... Read More about The effect of monovalent (Na+, K+) and divalent (Ca2+, Mg2+) cations on rapeseed oleosome (oil body) extraction and stability at pH 7.

Pore structural evolution of shale following thermochemical treatment (2019)
Journal Article
Rigby, S. P., Jahan, H., Stevens, L., Uguna, C., Snape, C., Macnaughton, B., …Fletcher, R. S. (2020). Pore structural evolution of shale following thermochemical treatment. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 112, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.104058

Shales experience heat treatment concurrent with the presence of water or steam during reservoir engineering interventions, such as high pressure water fracking and in-situ combustion of hydrocarbons. This work utilises a novel technique, which is a... Read More about Pore structural evolution of shale following thermochemical treatment.

Application of a Phage Cocktail for Control of Salmonella in Foods and Reducing Biofilms (2019)
Journal Article
Islam, M. S., Zhou, Y., Liang, L., Nime, I., Liu, K., Yan, T., …Li, J. (2019). Application of a Phage Cocktail for Control of Salmonella in Foods and Reducing Biofilms. Viruses, 11(9), https://doi.org/10.3390/v11090841

Salmonella contamination in foods and their formation of biofilms in food processing facility are the primary bacterial cause of a significant number of foodborne outbreaks and infections. Broad lytic phages are promising alternatives to conventional... Read More about Application of a Phage Cocktail for Control of Salmonella in Foods and Reducing Biofilms.

Characterisation of high molecular weight hop proanthocyanidins using Analytical Ultracentrifugation (2019)
Journal Article
Gadon, A., Linforth, R., Harding, S. E., & Cook, D. (2019). Characterisation of high molecular weight hop proanthocyanidins using Analytical Ultracentrifugation. Scientific Reports, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49171-4

We report the novel application of Analytical Ultracentrifugation (AUCF) to characterise the polymeric proanthocyanidin fraction of hops. Extraction of hop samples with 70% acetone (aq) followed by a C-18 Solid Phase Extraction yielded polyphenolic f... Read More about Characterisation of high molecular weight hop proanthocyanidins using Analytical Ultracentrifugation.

The state of water and fat during the maturation of Cheddar cheese (2019)
Journal Article
Chen, Y., MacNaughtan, W., Jones, P., Yang, Q., & Foster, T. (2020). The state of water and fat during the maturation of Cheddar cheese. Food Chemistry, 303, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125390

Cheddar cheese predicted to develop into different quality classes has been evaluated by time domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Thermogravimetric analysis and quantitative sensory analysis. The water and fat proton signals in the transverse relaxati... Read More about The state of water and fat during the maturation of Cheddar cheese.

Lifestyle information and access to a commercial weight management group to promote maternal postnatal weight management and positive lifestyle behaviour: the SWAN feasibility RCT (2019)
Journal Article
Bick, D., Taylor, C., Bhavnani, V., Healey, A., Seed, P., Roberts, S., …Ussher, M. (in press). Lifestyle information and access to a commercial weight management group to promote maternal postnatal weight management and positive lifestyle behaviour: the SWAN feasibility RCT. Public Health Research,

Mucin immobilization in calcium alginate: A possible mucus mimetic tool for evaluating mucoadhesion and retention of flavour (2019)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Yakubov, G. E., Lim, M., Hurst, K., Adams, G. G., Harding, S. E., & Fisk, I. D. (2019). Mucin immobilization in calcium alginate: A possible mucus mimetic tool for evaluating mucoadhesion and retention of flavour. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 138, 831-836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.07.148

To reduce animal testing, there is a need to develop novel in-vitro models for evaluating the retention of bioactive compounds in food and pharmaceutical products. Here, a mucus-mimetic platform was developed through a one-step approach based on enca... Read More about Mucin immobilization in calcium alginate: A possible mucus mimetic tool for evaluating mucoadhesion and retention of flavour.

Exposure to maternal obesity during suckling outweighs in utero exposure in programming for post-weaning adiposity and insulin resistance in rats (2019)
Journal Article
George, G., Draycott, S. A., Muir, R., Clifford, B., Elmes, M. J., & Langley-Evans, S. C. (2019). Exposure to maternal obesity during suckling outweighs in utero exposure in programming for post-weaning adiposity and insulin resistance in rats. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46518-9

Exposure to maternal obesity during early development programmes adverse metabolic health in rodent offspring. We assessed the relative contributions of obesity during pregnancy and suckling on metabolic health post-weaning. Wistar rat offspring expo... Read More about Exposure to maternal obesity during suckling outweighs in utero exposure in programming for post-weaning adiposity and insulin resistance in rats.

Enabling the Rational Design of Low-Fat Snack Foods: Insights from In Vitro Oral Processing (2019)
Journal Article
Boehm, M., Yakubov, G. E., Delwiche, J., Stokes, J. R., & Baier, S. K. (2019). Enabling the Rational Design of Low-Fat Snack Foods: Insights from In Vitro Oral Processing. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 67(32), 8725-8734. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02121

Texture perception can be conceptualized as an emergent cognitive response to several of the physical and chemical properties of a food. Contemporary oral processing research is focused on revealing the relationships between the sensory perceptions a... Read More about Enabling the Rational Design of Low-Fat Snack Foods: Insights from In Vitro Oral Processing.

Assessment of rapeseed oil body (oleosome) lipolytic activity as an effective predictor of emulsion purity and stability (2019)
Journal Article
De Chirico, S., Di Bari, V., Guzmán, M. J. R., Nikiforidis, C., Foster, T., & Gray, D. (in press). Assessment of rapeseed oil body (oleosome) lipolytic activity as an effective predictor of emulsion purity and stability. Manuscript submitted for publication

The lipolytic activity in oil body creams as affected by recovery and washing protocols was investigated. The effect of thermal treatment on the hydrolytic activity and physical stability of fresh and aged (up to 30 days) oil body emulsions was studi... Read More about Assessment of rapeseed oil body (oleosome) lipolytic activity as an effective predictor of emulsion purity and stability.

An enzymatically controlled mucoadhesive for enhancing flavour during food oral processing (2019)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Gadon, A., Hurst, K., Lim, M., Ayed, C., Gillis, R. B., …Fisk, I. D. (2019). An enzymatically controlled mucoadhesive for enhancing flavour during food oral processing. npj Science of Food, 3, doi:10.1038/s41538-019-0043-y

While a good mucoadhesive biopolymer must adhere to a mucus membrane, it must also have a good unloading ability. Here, we demonstrate that the biopolymer pullulan is partially digested by human salivary α-amylase, thus acting as a controlled release... Read More about An enzymatically controlled mucoadhesive for enhancing flavour during food oral processing.

Effect of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated overexpression of PEPCK-M (Pck2) on Clenbuterol-induced muscle growth (2019)
Journal Article
Loczenski-Brown, D. M., Jones, S., Luckett, J., Daniel, Z., Brearley, M. C., Ebling, F. J. P., …Brameld, J. M. (2019). Effect of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated overexpression of PEPCK-M (Pck2) on Clenbuterol-induced muscle growth. PLoS ONE, 14(6), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218970

We previously identified PEPCK-M (encoded by the Pck2 gene) to be highly up-regulated in skeletal muscle of pigs treated with Ractopamine, an anabolic beta-adrenergic receptor agonist. To determine whether PEPCK-M had a causative role in modulating t... Read More about Effect of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated overexpression of PEPCK-M (Pck2) on Clenbuterol-induced muscle growth.

Real‐time quality authentication of honey using atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ( APCI ‐ MS ) (2019)
Journal Article
ElMasry, G., Morsy, N., Al‐Rejaie, S., Ayed, C., Linforth, R., & Fisk, I. (2019). Real‐time quality authentication of honey using atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ( APCI ‐ MS ). International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 54(11), 2983-2997. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.14210

The aim of this study was to use gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and APCI-MS techniques to detect adulteration in honey. The key volatile compounds in the headspace of the adulterated honeys were marked by GC-MS and their representative... Read More about Real‐time quality authentication of honey using atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ( APCI ‐ MS ).

Are current dietary guidelines relevant to subjects on cholesterol-lowering drugs? (2019)
Journal Article
Salter, A. M. (2019). Are current dietary guidelines relevant to subjects on cholesterol-lowering drugs?. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0029665119000685

The present paper reviews the evidence as to whether patients on lipid-lowering drugs should restrict dietary SFA intake. Premature mortality from atherosclerotic CVD has fallen dramatically in many high-income countries. This appears to be due to a... Read More about Are current dietary guidelines relevant to subjects on cholesterol-lowering drugs?.