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Future malaria environmental suitability in Africa is sensitive to hydrology (2024)
Journal Article
Smith, M. W., Willis, T., Mroz, E., James, W. H. M., Klaar, M. J., Gosling, S. N., & Thomas, C. J. (2024). Future malaria environmental suitability in Africa is sensitive to hydrology. Science, 384(6696), 697-703. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.adk8755

Changes in climate shift the geographic locations that are suitable for malaria transmission because of the thermal constraints on vector Anopheles mosquitos and Plasmodium spp. malaria parasites and the lack of availability of surface water for vect... Read More about Future malaria environmental suitability in Africa is sensitive to hydrology.

The effects of extreme heat on human health in tropical Africa (2024)
Journal Article
Kunda, J. J., Gosling, S. N., & Foody, G. M. (2024). The effects of extreme heat on human health in tropical Africa. International Journal of Biometeorology, 68, 1015-1033. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-024-02650-4

This review examines high-quality research evidence that synthesises the effects of extreme heat on human health in tropical Africa. Web of Science (WoS) was used to identify research articles on the effects extreme heat, humidity, Wet-bulb Globe Tem... Read More about The effects of extreme heat on human health in tropical Africa.

Notable shifts beyond pre-industrial streamflow and soil moisture conditions transgress the planetary boundary for freshwater change (2024)
Journal Article
Porkka, M., Virkki, V., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Gerten, D., Gleeson, T., Mohan, C., …Kummu, M. (2024). Notable shifts beyond pre-industrial streamflow and soil moisture conditions transgress the planetary boundary for freshwater change. Nature Water, https://doi.org/10.1038/s44221-024-00208-7

Human actions compromise the many life-supporting functions provided by the freshwater cycle. Yet, scientific understanding of anthropogenic freshwater change and its long-term evolution is limited. Here, using a multi-model ensemble of global hydrol... Read More about Notable shifts beyond pre-industrial streamflow and soil moisture conditions transgress the planetary boundary for freshwater change.

A global compilation of diatom silica oxygen isotope records from lake sediment – trends and implications for climate reconstruction (2024)
Journal Article
Meister, P., Alexandre, A., Bailey, H., Barker, P., Biskaborn, B. K., Broadman, E., …Meyer, H. (2024). A global compilation of diatom silica oxygen isotope records from lake sediment – trends and implications for climate reconstruction. Climate of the Past, 20(2), 363-392. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-20-363-2024

Oxygen isotopes in biogenic silica (δ18OBSi) from lake sediments allow for quantitative reconstruction of past hydroclimate and proxy-model comparison in terrestrial environments. The signals of individual records have been attributed to different fa... Read More about A global compilation of diatom silica oxygen isotope records from lake sediment – trends and implications for climate reconstruction.

Geography and ecology shape the phylogenetic composition of Amazonian tree communities (2024)
Journal Article
Luize, B. G., Bauman, D., ter Steege, H., Palma‐Silva, C., do Amaral, I. L., de Souza Coelho, L., …Dexter, K. G. (2024). Geography and ecology shape the phylogenetic composition of Amazonian tree communities. Journal of Biogeography, https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14816

Aim: Amazonia hosts more tree species from numerous evolutionary lineages, both young and ancient, than any other biogeographic region. Previous studies have shown that tree lineages colonized multiple edaphic environments and dispersed widely across... Read More about Geography and ecology shape the phylogenetic composition of Amazonian tree communities.

Global dominance of lianas over trees is driven by forest disturbance, climate and topography (2024)
Journal Article
Ngute, A. S. K., Schoeman, D. S., Pfeifer, M., van der Heijden, G. M. F., Phillips, O. L., van Breugel, M., …Marshall, A. R. (2024). Global dominance of lianas over trees is driven by forest disturbance, climate and topography. Global Change Biology, 30(1), Article e17140. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.17140

Growing evidence suggests that liana competition with trees is threatening the global carbon sink by slowing the recovery of forests following disturbance. A recent theory based on local and regional evidence further proposes that the competitive suc... Read More about Global dominance of lianas over trees is driven by forest disturbance, climate and topography.

Consistent patterns of common species across tropical tree communities (2024)
Journal Article
Cooper, D. L., Lewis, S. L., Sullivan, M. J., Prado, P. I., Prado, P. I., ter Steege, H., …Zent, S. (2024). Consistent patterns of common species across tropical tree communities. Nature, 625(7996), 728-734. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-06820-z

Trees structure the Earth’s most biodiverse ecosystem, tropical forests. The vast number of tree species presents a formidable challenge to understanding these forests, including their response to environmental change, as very little is known about m... Read More about Consistent patterns of common species across tropical tree communities.

Investigating the role of hydrological connectivity on the processing of organic carbon in tropical aquatic ecosystems (2024)
Journal Article
Pereira, R., Panizzo, V. N., Bischoff, J., McGowan, S., Lacey, J., Moorhouse, H., …Fazry, S. (2024). Investigating the role of hydrological connectivity on the processing of organic carbon in tropical aquatic ecosystems. Frontiers in Earth Science, 11, Article 1250889. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2023.1250889

Inland waters are highways of carbon and nutrient flows between the land and ocean. Aquatic environments integrate multiple sources and processes over space and time that influence ecosystem functionality. The complexity of these systems and their mu... Read More about Investigating the role of hydrological connectivity on the processing of organic carbon in tropical aquatic ecosystems.

An AI approach to operationalise global daily PlanetScope satellite imagery for river water masking (2023)
Journal Article
Valman, S. J., Boyd, D. S., Carbonneau, P. E., Johnson, M. F., & Dugdale, S. J. (2024). An AI approach to operationalise global daily PlanetScope satellite imagery for river water masking. Remote Sensing of Environment, 301, Article 113932. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2023.113932

Monitoring rivers is vital to manage the invaluable ecosystem services they provide, and also to mitigate the risks they pose to property and life through flooding and drought. Due to the vast extent and dynamic nature of river systems, Earth Observa... Read More about An AI approach to operationalise global daily PlanetScope satellite imagery for river water masking.

Functional relationships reveal differences in the water cycle representation of global water models (2023)
Journal Article
Gnann, S., Reinecke, R., Stein, L., Wada, Y., Thiery, W., Satoh, Y., …Wagener, T. (2023). Functional relationships reveal differences in the water cycle representation of global water models. Nature Water, 1, 1079-1090. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44221-023-00160-y

AbstractGlobal water models are increasingly used to understand past, present and future water cycles, but disagreements between simulated variables make model-based inferences uncertain. Although there is empirical evidence of different large-scale... Read More about Functional relationships reveal differences in the water cycle representation of global water models.

Identifying the controls on nitrate and metabolic state within the Red River delta (Vietnam) with the use of stable isotopes (2023)
Journal Article
Smith, A. C., Leng, M. J., McGowan, S., Panizzo, V. N., Ngo, T. T. T., Luu, T. N. M., …Trinh, A. D. (2024). Identifying the controls on nitrate and metabolic state within the Red River delta (Vietnam) with the use of stable isotopes. Journal of Hydrology, 628, Article 130467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2023.130467

In many places around the world, anthropogenic activities have resulted in nitrate (NO3−) pollution and changes in the metabolic state of aquatic ecosystems. Here we combined stable isotope and physico-chemical monitoring to assess the sources of NO3... Read More about Identifying the controls on nitrate and metabolic state within the Red River delta (Vietnam) with the use of stable isotopes.

Sea level controls on the provenance of fine-grained sediments in the Xisha Trough, northwestern South China Sea over the last ~30 ka (2023)
Journal Article
Zhang, Q., Swann, G. E., Liu, J., Gao, W., Cui, Z., Li, G., …Li, W. (2023). Sea level controls on the provenance of fine-grained sediments in the Xisha Trough, northwestern South China Sea over the last ~30 ka. Marine Geology, 466, Article 107184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2023.107184

The Xisha Trough situated in the northwestern South China Sea (SCS), plays a pivotal role in transporting sediments from the Red River into the deep-sea basin of the SCS, and thus is a critical place to examine variations in source-to-sink process of... Read More about Sea level controls on the provenance of fine-grained sediments in the Xisha Trough, northwestern South China Sea over the last ~30 ka.

Mapping density, diversity and species-richness of the Amazon tree flora (2023)
Journal Article
ter Steege, H., Pitman, N. C. A., do Amaral, I. L., de Souza Coelho, L., de Almeida Matos, F. D., de Andrade Lima Filho, D., …Melgaço, K. (2023). Mapping density, diversity and species-richness of the Amazon tree flora. Communications Biology, 6(1), Article 1130. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-023-05514-6

Using 2.046 botanically-inventoried tree plots across the largest tropical forest on Earth, we mapped tree species-diversity and tree species-richness at 0.1-degree resolution, and investigated drivers for diversity and richness. Using only location,... Read More about Mapping density, diversity and species-richness of the Amazon tree flora.

Using lake sediments to assess the long-term impacts of anthropogenic activity in tropical river deltas (2023)
Journal Article
Walton, R. E., Moorhouse, H. L., Roberts, L. R., Salgado, J., Ladd, C. J., Do, N. T., …Henderson, A. C. (2023). Using lake sediments to assess the long-term impacts of anthropogenic activity in tropical river deltas. Anthropocene Review, https://doi.org/10.1177/20530196231204334

Tropical river deltas, and the social-ecological systems they sustain, are changing rapidly due to anthropogenic activity and climatic change. Baseline data to inform sustainable management options for resilient deltas is urgently needed and palaeoli... Read More about Using lake sediments to assess the long-term impacts of anthropogenic activity in tropical river deltas.

More than 10,000 pre-Columbian earthworks are still hidden throughout Amazonia (2023)
Journal Article
Peripato, V., Levis, C., Moreira, G. A., Gamerman, D., ter Steege, H., Pitman, N. C. A., …Aragão, L. E. O. C. (2023). More than 10,000 pre-Columbian earthworks are still hidden throughout Amazonia. Science, 382(6666), 103-109. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.ade2541

Indigenous societies are known to have occupied the Amazon basin for more than 12,000 years, but the scale of their influence on Amazonian forests remains uncertain. We report the discovery, using LIDAR (light detection and ranging) information from... Read More about More than 10,000 pre-Columbian earthworks are still hidden throughout Amazonia.

Sensitivity of South American tropical forests to an extreme climate anomaly (2023)
Journal Article
Bennett, A. C., Rodrigues de Sousa, T., Monteagudo-Mendoza, A., Esquivel-Muelbert, A., Morandi, P. S., Coelho de Souza, F., …Phillips, O. L. (2023). Sensitivity of South American tropical forests to an extreme climate anomaly. Nature Climate Change, 13(9), 967-974. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-023-01776-4

The tropical forest carbon sink is known to be drought sensitive, but it is unclear which forests are the most vulnerable to extreme events. Forests with hotter and drier baseline conditions may be protected by prior adaptation, or more vulnerable be... Read More about Sensitivity of South American tropical forests to an extreme climate anomaly.

Tropical forest lianas have greater non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in the stem xylem than trees (2023)
Journal Article
Signori-Müller, C., Galbraith, D., Tavares, J. V., Reis, S. M., Diniz, F. C., Gilpin, M., …Oliveira, R. S. (in press). Tropical forest lianas have greater non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in the stem xylem than trees. Tree Physiology, Article tpad096. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpad096

Lianas (woody vines) are important components of tropical forests and are known to compete with host trees for resources, decrease tree growth and increase tree mortality. Given the observed increases in liana abundance in some forests and their impa... Read More about Tropical forest lianas have greater non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in the stem xylem than trees.

Analysing the distribution of strictly protected areas toward the EU2030 target (2023)
Journal Article
Cazzolla Gatti, R., Zannini, P., Piovesan, G., Alessi, N., Basset, A., Beierkuhnlein, C., …Chiarucci, A. (2023). Analysing the distribution of strictly protected areas toward the EU2030 target. Biodiversity and Conservation, 32, 3157–3174. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-023-02644-5

Protecting global biodiversity is one of the most urgent tasks for the coming decades. Area-based conservation is a pillar for preserving ecosystems and species. Strictly protected areas specifically preserve biodiversity and ecosystem processes. The... Read More about Analysing the distribution of strictly protected areas toward the EU2030 target.

Climate Evolution Through the Onset and Intensification of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation (2023)
Journal Article
McClymont, E. L., Ho, S. L., Ford, H. L., Bailey, I., Berke, M. A., Bolton, C. T., …Tangunan, D. (2023). Climate Evolution Through the Onset and Intensification of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation. Reviews of Geophysics, 61(3), Article e2022RG000793. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022rg000793

The Pliocene Epoch (∼5.3–2.6 million years ago, Ma) was characterized by a warmer than present climate with smaller Northern Hemisphere ice sheets, and offers an example of a climate system in long-term equilibrium with current or predicted near-futu... Read More about Climate Evolution Through the Onset and Intensification of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation.