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Energy harvesting systems: Technologies, applications, designs, and simulation models | The reality and the challenges. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Hafez, A. (2019, March). Energy harvesting systems: Technologies, applications, designs, and simulation models | The reality and the challenges. Presented at The International Conference on Innovative Applied Energy

This paper aims to show and classify the various types of energy harvesting technologies, and find out the potential pros and cons from the existing energy harvesting techniques with different applications. There are many energy-harvesting systems di... Read More

Operating under jet splashing conditions can increase the capture efficiency of scoops (2019)
Journal Article
Kruisbrink, A., Paleo Cageao, P., Morvan, H., & Simmons, K. (2019). Operating under jet splashing conditions can increase the capture efficiency of scoops. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 76, 296-308. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.11.010

Scoops are used in aero-engines to capture oil and direct the oil flow for the lubrication of bearings, where a direct oil injection is not effective or possible. The design of scoops focuses on the capture of oil to aim for the highest capture effic... Read More

Empirical and semi-analytical methods for evaluating tunnelling-induced ground movements in sands (2019)
Journal Article
Franza, A., & Marshall, A. M. (2019). Empirical and semi-analytical methods for evaluating tunnelling-induced ground movements in sands. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 88, 47-62. doi:10.1016/j.tust.2019.02.016

Empirical formulas and closed-form solutions provide, in many cases, good predictions of tunnelling-induced ground movements which, when combined with their computational efficiency, make them valuable for tunnel-structure interaction analyses. For s... Read More

Quasi-exact solution of the Riemann problem for generalised dam-break over a mobile initially flat bed (2019)
Journal Article
Zhu, F., & Dodd, N. (2019). Quasi-exact solution of the Riemann problem for generalised dam-break over a mobile initially flat bed. Journal of Engineering Mathematics, doi:10.1007/s10665-019-09994-6

This paper investigates dam-break problems with flows on one or two sides of zero or nonzero velocities over a mobile initially flat bed, and quasi-exact solutions are presented by solving the Riemann problems using the simple wave theory. The flow s... Read More

Robots in special education: reasons for low uptake (2019)
Journal Article
Galvez Trigo, M. J., Standen, P., & Cobb, S. Robots in special education: reasons for low uptake. Manuscript submitted for publication

Purpose: This paper identifies the main reasons for low uptake of robots in Special Education, obtained from an analysis of previous studies that used robots in the area, and from interviewing Special Education teachers about the topic. Design/me... Read More

Techno-economic optimization of a packed-bed for utility-scale energy storage (2019)
Journal Article
Cárdenas, B., Davenne, T., Wang, J., Ding, Y., Jin, Y., Chen, H., …Garvey, S. (2019). Techno-economic optimization of a packed-bed for utility-scale energy storage. Applied Thermal Engineering, 153, 206-220. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.02.134

The optimization of a packed bed for utility-scale applications is presented in this paper. The effects that particle size, aspect ratio and storage mass have on the roundtrip exergy efficiency of the store are thoroughly analysed. The paper seeks to... Read More

Aerospace sealing technology for maintenance, repair and overhaul of engines: a review (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Shabbir, S., Garvey, S., & Dakka, S. M. (in press). Aerospace sealing technology for maintenance, repair and overhaul of engines: a review

Given the current rate of growth of gas turbine engines in the aerospace industry, the development of efficient and advanced sealing technology to cater to the harsh operating conditions of the aero-engines is crucial. In addition to developing low-l... Read More

Mathematical approach to the validation of functional surface texture parameter software (2019)
Journal Article
Todhunter, L., Leach, R., Lawes, S., Harris, P., & Blateyron, F. (2019). Mathematical approach to the validation of functional surface texture parameter software. Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, 7(1), doi:10.1088/2051-672X/ab07ca

A new method for performance validation of surface texture parameter calculation software is introduced, focussing on functional surface texture parameters. Material ratio curves are defined algebraically and used to calculate functional surface text... Read More

Examining three roles of urban “portals” in their relationship with “places” using social media photographs (2019)
Journal Article
Qian, X., & Heath, T. (2019). Examining three roles of urban “portals” in their relationship with “places” using social media photographs. Cities, 90, 207-215. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2019.02.011

Portals are the transition spaces between paths and places in an urban environment such as the entrance to a square from a connecting street. This paper aims to explore different forms of portals by considering their relationship with places. In doin... Read More

Ionospheric scintillation intensity fading characteristics and GPS receiver tracking performance at low latitudes (2019)
Journal Article
Guo, K., Aquino, M., & Veetill, S. V. (2019). Ionospheric scintillation intensity fading characteristics and GPS receiver tracking performance at low latitudes. GPS Solutions, doi:10.1007/s10291-019-0835-1

Ionospheric scintillation refers to rapid fluctuations in signal amplitude/phase when radio signals propagate through irregularities in the ionosphere. The occurrence of ionospheric scintillation can severely degrade the Global Navigation Satellite S... Read More

Identification of bio-oil compound utilizing yeasts through phenotypic microarray screening (2019)
Journal Article
Kostas, E. T., Cooper, M., Shepherd, B. J., & Robinson, J. P. (2019). Identification of bio-oil compound utilizing yeasts through phenotypic microarray screening. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 1-13. doi:10.1007/s12649-019-00636-7

Biomass pyrolysis bio-oil contains a plethora of carbon sources with the potential to be utilized by microorganisms and converted into high value products. However, the majority of these compounds are either highly toxic to microorganisms or are not... Read More

Integrated multi-assay culture model for stem cell chondrogenic differentiation (2019)
Journal Article
Prosser, A., Scotchford, C., Roberts, G., Grant, D., & Sottile, V. (2019). Integrated multi-assay culture model for stem cell chondrogenic differentiation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(4), doi:10.3390/ijms20040951

Recent osteochondral repair strategies highlight the promise of mesenchymal progenitors, an accessible stem cell source with osteogenic and chondrogenic potential, used in conjunction with biomaterials for tissue engineering. For this, regenerative m... Read More

Modelling the effectiveness of oil lubrication in reducing both friction and wear in a fretting contact (2019)
Journal Article
Sun, W., Shipway, P., Wenjie, Q., Wang, M., & Li, X. (in press). Modelling the effectiveness of oil lubrication in reducing both friction and wear in a fretting contact. Wear, doi:10.1016/j.wear.2019.02.029

Lubrication is often employed in fretting contacts to reduce wear and stresses associated with high friction. Owing to the very small displacements associated with fretting, penetration of lubricating oils into the contact may not be effective. The e... Read More

A low-friction graphene nanoplatelets film from suspension high velocity oxy-fuel thermal spray (2019)
Journal Article
Venturi, F., Rance, G., Thomas, J., & Hussain, T. (2019). A low-friction graphene nanoplatelets film from suspension high velocity oxy-fuel thermal spray. AIP Advances, 9(2), doi:10.1063/1.5089021

The addition of graphene-based nanomaterials is known to improve the tribology properties of materials by lowering the coefficient of friction and reducing wear. The covering of small areas with thin graphene-based films is routinely carried out; how... Read More

Assessing Worker Performance Using Dynamic Cost Functions in Human Robot Collaborative Tasks (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, T., Benardos, P., & Branson, D. (in press). Assessing Worker Performance Using Dynamic Cost Functions in Human Robot Collaborative Tasks. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science,

The aim of this research is to develop a framework to allow efficient Human Robot, HR, collaboration on manufacturing assembly tasks based on cost functions that quantify capabilities and performance of each element in a system and enable their effic... Read More

Enhancing environmental engagement with natural language interfaces for in-vehicle navigation systems (2019)
Journal Article
Antrobus, V., Large, D., Burnett, G., & Hare, C. (2019). Enhancing environmental engagement with natural language interfaces for in-vehicle navigation systems. Journal of Navigation, doi:10.1017/S037346331800108X

Four on-road studies were conducted in the Clifton area of Nottingham, UK, aiming to explore the relationships between driver workload and environmental engagement associated with ‘active’ and ‘passive’ navigation systems. In a between-subjects desig... Read More

Exploring social change through social media: the case of the Facebook group Indignant Citizens (2019)
Journal Article
Yannopoulou, N., Liu, M., Xuemei, B., & Pereira Heath, T. (2019). Exploring social change through social media: the case of the Facebook group Indignant Citizens. International Journal of Consumer Studies, doi:10.1111/ijcs.12514

This study examines the role of social media in facilitating the network of a social movement, the novel forms of exchange networks that are fashioned by participants of this movement and the drivers and effects of individuals' engagement therein. Sp... Read More

Revealing solvent-dependent folding behaviour of Mycolic Acids from Mycobacterium tuberculosis by advanced simulation analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Groenewald, W., Parra-Cruz, R. A., Jäger, C. M., & Croft, A. K. (2019). Revealing solvent-dependent folding behaviour of Mycolic Acids from Mycobacterium tuberculosis by advanced simulation analysis. Journal of Molecular Modeling, 25, doi:10.1007/s00894-019-3943-5

Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a persistent pathogen, partly due to its lipid rich cell wall, of which mycolic acids (MAs) are a major component. The fluidity and conformational flexibilities of different MAs in the bacterial cell wall significan... Read More