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Integration of Blockchain and Digital Twins in the Smart Built Environment Adopting Disruptive Technologies—A Systematic Review

Sadri, Habib; Yitmen, Ibrahim; Tagliabue, Lavinia Chiara; Westphal, Florian; Tezel, Algan; Taheri, Afshin; Sibenik, Goran


Habib Sadri

Ibrahim Yitmen

Lavinia Chiara Tagliabue

Florian Westphal

Associate Professor in Civil Engineering and Management

Afshin Taheri

Goran Sibenik


The integration of blockchain and digital twins (DT) for better building-lifecycle data management has recently received much attention from researchers in the field. In this respect, the adoption of enabling technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), the In-ternet of Things (IoT), cloud and edge computing, Big Data analytics, etc., has also been investigated in an abundance of studies. The present review inspects the recent studies to shed light on the foremost among those enabling technologies and their scope, challenges, and integration potential. To this end, 86 scientific papers, recognized and retrieved from the Scopus and Web of Science databases , were reviewed and a thorough bibliometric analysis was performed on them. The obtained results demonstrate the nascency of the research in this field and the necessity of further implementation of practical methods to discover and prove the real potential of these technologies and their fusion. It was also found that the integration of these technologies can be beneficial for addressing the implementation challenges they face individually. In the end, an abstract descriptive model is presented to provide a better understanding of how the technologies can become integrated into a unified system for smartening the built environment.


Sadri, H., Yitmen, I., Tagliabue, L. C., Westphal, F., Tezel, A., Taheri, A., & Sibenik, G. (2023). Integration of Blockchain and Digital Twins in the Smart Built Environment Adopting Disruptive Technologies—A Systematic Review. Sustainability, 15(4), Article 3713.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 10, 2023
Online Publication Date Feb 17, 2023
Publication Date Feb 2, 2023
Deposit Date Feb 17, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 17, 2023
Journal MDPI Sustainability
Electronic ISSN MDPI Sustainability
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 4
Article Number 3713
Keywords blockchain; digital twin; Internet of Things; artificial intelligence; technology fusion; building industry
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Open Access


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