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Digital Last Planner System Whiteboard for Enabling Remote Collaborative Design Process Planning and Control

Pikas, Ergo; Pedó, Bárbara; Tezel, Algan; Koskela, Lauri; Veersoo, Markus


Ergo Pikas

Bárbara Pedó

Associate Professor in Civil Engineering and Management

Lauri Koskela

Markus Veersoo


The coronavirus outbreak forced design companies to consider how the flow of information and work processes could be managed in the context of remote design work. This research aims to put a digital Last Planner System (LPS) whiteboard to the test in support of remote collaborative design process planning and control and identify its benefits and challenges. The synergies between lean and digital practices were explored by developing solutions in two different case studies, one in the UK and the other in Estonia. Research results were interpreted, and the main lessons learned were articulated. The digital LPS whiteboard enabled and supported the remote planning and control of design projects and processes. The digital LPS whiteboard had the following process-related benefits, including, for example, increased transparency, understanding, engagement, flexibility, and continuous improvement. Challenges in the use of the digital whiteboard were generally due to an excess of information and meetings, the social limitations of virtual meetings, and a lack of relevant IT competencies. Recommendations for individuals interested in planning, developing, and testing a digital whiteboard for remote implementation of the LPS are made. Further research on the entangled nature of digital whiteboard functionality and LPS behaviors is needed.


Pikas, E., Pedó, B., Tezel, A., Koskela, L., & Veersoo, M. (2022). Digital Last Planner System Whiteboard for Enabling Remote Collaborative Design Process Planning and Control. Sustainability, 14(19), Article 12030.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 18, 2022
Online Publication Date Sep 23, 2022
Publication Date Sep 23, 2022
Deposit Date Feb 3, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 6, 2023
Journal Sustainability
Print ISSN 2071-1050
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 19
Article Number 12030
Keywords Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Geography, Planning and Development; Building and Construction
Public URL
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