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Blockchain innovation ecosystems orchestration in construction

Papadonikolaki, Eleni; Tezel, Algan; Yitmen, Ibrahim; Hilletofth, Per

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Eleni Papadonikolaki

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Associate Professor in Civil Engineering and Management

Ibrahim Yitmen

Per Hilletofth


Purpose: Rapid advancements in blockchain technology transform various sectors, attracting the attention of industrialists, practitioners, policymakers and academics, and profoundly affect construction businesses through smart contracts and crypto-economics. This paper explores the blockchain innovation ecosystem in construction. Design/methodology/approach: Through a qualitative study of 23 diverse interviewees, the study explores how open or closed the blockchain innovation ecosystem in construction is and who its emerging orchestrators are. Findings: The data showed that construction aims towards an open innovation blockchain ecosystem, although there are elements of hybridisation and closedness, each system pointing out to different orchestrators. Practical implications: The study has implications for governments and large companies in construction, showing that open innovation initiatives need to be encouraged by policymakers through rules, regulations and government-sponsored demonstrator projects. Social implications: The data showed that there is lack of readiness for business model change to support open innovation blockchain ecosystems in construction. Originality/value: This is the first study applying the open innovation theory in the construction industry and sheds light into the phenomenon of blockchain, suggesting routes for further democratisation of the technology for policymakers and practitioners.


Papadonikolaki, E., Tezel, A., Yitmen, I., & Hilletofth, P. (2022). Blockchain innovation ecosystems orchestration in construction. Industrial Management and Data Systems,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 3, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 24, 2022
Publication Date Nov 24, 2022
Deposit Date Feb 7, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 7, 2023
Journal Industrial Management & Data Systems
Print ISSN 0263-5577
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Blockchain, Building information modelling (BIM), Ecosystem, Innovation, Ecosystem orchestration, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Strategy and Management, Computer Science Applications, Industrial relations, Management Information Systems
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