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Critical Success Factors for Safety Training in the Construction Industry

Tezel, Algan; Dobrucali, Esra; Demirkesen, Sevilay; Kiral, Isik

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Associate Professor in Civil Engineering and Management

Esra Dobrucali

Sevilay Demirkesen

Isik Kiral


Abstract: Construction is a hazardous industry. The project-based nature and fragmentation in the industry lead to change and uncertainty requiring special expertise. To handle those, construction firms must develop strategies and action plans along with the experience gained from lessons learned. Among the risks, safety risks are of critical importance leading to accidents. Hence, firms need to strengthen their safety programs, review their strategies for safety management, and develop effective safety training sessions to protect their workers. This study focuses on the success factors promoting safety performance. In this respect, a questionnaire was designed and administered to the Engineering News-Record (ENR) 2020 Top 400 Contractors. The questionnaire data was utilized in conducting a factor analysis to group and name the factors considering the total variance. The analysis of the factors resulted in six-factor groups; namely, project and firm-related factors, demographic factors, practical factors, motivational factors, organizational factors, and humanrelated factors. Project and firm-related factors were found to be the most essential factor group in terms of promoting the effectiveness of safety training. The results of this study are expected to guide industry practitioners in terms of reviewing and revising their safety training programs.


Tezel, A., Dobrucali, E., Demirkesen, S., & Kiral, I. (2021). Critical Success Factors for Safety Training in the Construction Industry. Buildings, 11(4), Article 139.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 25, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 30, 2021
Publication Date Mar 30, 2021
Deposit Date Feb 6, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 10, 2023
Journal Buildings
Electronic ISSN 2075-5309
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 4
Article Number 139
Keywords Building and Construction; Civil and Structural Engineering; Architecture
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