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Role of Eating Behavior and Stress in Maintenance of Dietary Changes During the PREVIEW Intervention (2024)
Journal Article
Jalo, E., Fogelholm, M., Westerterp-Plantenga, M., Adam, T. C., Drummen, M., Huttunen-Lenz, M., …Konttinen, H. (2024). Role of Eating Behavior and Stress in Maintenance of Dietary Changes During the PREVIEW Intervention. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 56(5), 276-286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2024.01.001

Objective: To examine whether eating behavior and perceived stress predict the maintenance of self-reported dietary change and adherence to dietary instructions during an intervention. Design: A secondary analysis of the behavior maintenance stage (6... Read More about Role of Eating Behavior and Stress in Maintenance of Dietary Changes During the PREVIEW Intervention.

Socio-economic factors, mood, primary care utilization, and quality of life as predictors of intervention cessation and chronic stress in a type 2 diabetes prevention intervention (PREVIEW Study) (2023)
Journal Article
Huttunen-Lenz, M., Raben, A., Adam, T., Macdonald, I., Taylor, M. A., Stratton, G., …Schlicht, W. (2023). Socio-economic factors, mood, primary care utilization, and quality of life as predictors of intervention cessation and chronic stress in a type 2 diabetes prevention intervention (PREVIEW Study). BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article 1666. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-16569-9

Background: Sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet combined with overweight are risk factors for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Lifestyle interventions with weight-loss are effective in T2D-prevention, but unsuccessful completion and chronic stress may hinde... Read More about Socio-economic factors, mood, primary care utilization, and quality of life as predictors of intervention cessation and chronic stress in a type 2 diabetes prevention intervention (PREVIEW Study).

In vivo observation of a stomach road or ‘Magenstrasse’ for gastric emptying using MRI imaging in healthy humans (2023)
Journal Article
Almutairi, F., Alyami, J., Pritchard, S., Alsharef, W., Spiller, R. C., Gowland, P. A., …Hoad, C. L. (2023). In vivo observation of a stomach road or ‘Magenstrasse’ for gastric emptying using MRI imaging in healthy humans. Clinical Nutrition Open Science, 51, 35-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutos.2023.08.002

The presence of a ‘magenstrasse’, a central ‘stomach road’ for flow and mixing of foods and drinks in the stomach had been predicted from hydrodynamic modelling. Here a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging technique was used to gain novel insight... Read More about In vivo observation of a stomach road or ‘Magenstrasse’ for gastric emptying using MRI imaging in healthy humans.

Associations of obesity phenotypes with weight change, cardiometabolic benefits, and type 2 diabetes incidence during a lifestyle intervention: results from the PREVIEW study (2023)
Journal Article
Zhu, R., Huttunen-Lenz, M., Stratton, G., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Handjiev, S., Sundvall, J., …Raben, A. (2023). Associations of obesity phenotypes with weight change, cardiometabolic benefits, and type 2 diabetes incidence during a lifestyle intervention: results from the PREVIEW study. International Journal of Obesity, 47(9), 833–840. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-023-01328-y

Background/Objectives Some individuals with overweight/obesity may be relatively metabolically healthy (MHO) and have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease than those with metabolically unhealthy overweight/obesity (MUO). We aimed to compare change... Read More about Associations of obesity phenotypes with weight change, cardiometabolic benefits, and type 2 diabetes incidence during a lifestyle intervention: results from the PREVIEW study.

Longitudinal Associations of Dietary Sugars and Glycaemic Index with Indices of Glucose Metabolism and Body Fatness during 3-Year Weight Loss Maintenance: A PREVIEW Sub-Study (2023)
Journal Article
Della Corte, K., Jalo, E., Kaartinen, N. E., Simpson, L., Taylor, M. A., Muirhead, R., …Brand-Miller, J. (2023). Longitudinal Associations of Dietary Sugars and Glycaemic Index with Indices of Glucose Metabolism and Body Fatness during 3-Year Weight Loss Maintenance: A PREVIEW Sub-Study. Nutrients, 15(9), Article 2083. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15092083

Background: Dietary sugars are often linked to the development of overweight and type 2 diabetes (T2D) but inconsistencies remain. Objective: We investigated associations of added, free, and total sugars, and glycaemic index (GI) with indices of gluc... Read More about Longitudinal Associations of Dietary Sugars and Glycaemic Index with Indices of Glucose Metabolism and Body Fatness during 3-Year Weight Loss Maintenance: A PREVIEW Sub-Study.

Perceived stress as a predictor of eating behavior during the 3-year PREVIEW lifestyle intervention (2022)
Journal Article
Jalo, E., Konttinen, H., Westerterp-Plantenga, M., Adam, T., Drummen, M., Huttunen-Lenz, M., …Fogelholm, M. (2022). Perceived stress as a predictor of eating behavior during the 3-year PREVIEW lifestyle intervention. Nutrition and Diabetes, 12, Article 47. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41387-022-00224-0

Background To better support participants to achieve long-lasting results within interventions aiming for weight loss and maintenance, more information is needed about the maintenance of behavioral changes. Therefore, we examined whether perceived s... Read More about Perceived stress as a predictor of eating behavior during the 3-year PREVIEW lifestyle intervention.

Development of Food Group Tree-Based Analysis and Its Association with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Co-Morbidities in a South Indian Population: A Large Case-Control Study (2022)
Journal Article
Vijay, A., Al-Awadi, A., Chalmers, J., Balakumaran, L., Grove, J. I., Valdes, A. M., …Aithal, G. P. (2022). Development of Food Group Tree-Based Analysis and Its Association with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Co-Morbidities in a South Indian Population: A Large Case-Control Study. Nutrients, 14(14), Article 2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142808

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global problem growing in parallel to the epidemics of obesity and diabetes, with South Asians being particularly susceptible. Nutrition and behaviour are important modifiers of the disease,... Read More about Development of Food Group Tree-Based Analysis and Its Association with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Co-Morbidities in a South Indian Population: A Large Case-Control Study.

Factors Affecting Adherence, Intake, and Perceived Palatability of Oral Nutritional Supplements: A Literature Review (2022)
Journal Article
Lester, S., Kleijn, M., Cornacchia, L., Hewson, L., Taylor, M. A., & Fisk, I. (2022). Factors Affecting Adherence, Intake, and Perceived Palatability of Oral Nutritional Supplements: A Literature Review. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 26, 663-674. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-022-1819-3

Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are a clinically effective and relatively inexpensive way to supplement the diet of patients with, or at risk of, undernutrition. Good adherence is a primary determinant of the effectiveness of ONS. However adherenc... Read More about Factors Affecting Adherence, Intake, and Perceived Palatability of Oral Nutritional Supplements: A Literature Review.

Associations of quantity and quality of carbohydrate sources with subjective appetite sensations during 3-year weight-loss maintenance: Results from the PREVIEW intervention study (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, R., Larsen, T. M., Poppitt, S. D., Silvestre, M. P., Fogelholm, M., Jalo, E., …Raben, A. (2022). Associations of quantity and quality of carbohydrate sources with subjective appetite sensations during 3-year weight-loss maintenance: Results from the PREVIEW intervention study. Clinical Nutrition, 41(1), 219-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.11.038

Background & aims The association of quantity and quality of carbohydrate sources with appetite during long-term weight-loss maintenance (WLM) after intentional weight loss (WL) is unclear. We aimed to investigate longitudinal associations of quanti... Read More about Associations of quantity and quality of carbohydrate sources with subjective appetite sensations during 3-year weight-loss maintenance: Results from the PREVIEW intervention study.

Appraisal of Triglyceride-Related Markers as Early Predictors of Metabolic Outcomes in the PREVIEW Lifestyle Intervention: A Controlled Post-hoc Trial (2021)
Journal Article
Navas-Carretero, S., San-Cristobal, R., Siig Vestentoft, P., Brand-Miller, J. C., Jalo, E., Westerterp-Plantenga, M., …Martinez, J. A. (2021). Appraisal of Triglyceride-Related Markers as Early Predictors of Metabolic Outcomes in the PREVIEW Lifestyle Intervention: A Controlled Post-hoc Trial. Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, Article 733697. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.733697

Background: Individuals with pre-diabetes are commonly overweight and benefit from dietary and physical activity strategies aimed at decreasing body weight and hyperglycemia. Early insulin resistance can be estimated via the triglyceride glucose inde... Read More about Appraisal of Triglyceride-Related Markers as Early Predictors of Metabolic Outcomes in the PREVIEW Lifestyle Intervention: A Controlled Post-hoc Trial.

Adherence to a Plant-Based Diet and Consumption of Specific Plant Foods—Associations with 3-Year Weight-Loss Maintenance and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Secondary Analysis of the PREVIEW Intervention Study (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, R., Fogelholm, M., Poppitt, S. D., Silvestre, M. P., Møller, G., Huttunen-Lenz, M., …Raben, A. (2021). Adherence to a Plant-Based Diet and Consumption of Specific Plant Foods—Associations with 3-Year Weight-Loss Maintenance and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Secondary Analysis of the PREVIEW Intervention Study. Nutrients, 13(11), Article 3916. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113916

Plant-based diets are recommended by dietary guidelines. This secondary analysis aimed to assess longitudinal associations of an overall plant-based diet and specific plant foods with weight-loss maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors. Longitud... Read More about Adherence to a Plant-Based Diet and Consumption of Specific Plant Foods—Associations with 3-Year Weight-Loss Maintenance and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Secondary Analysis of the PREVIEW Intervention Study.

Effects of an isoenergetic low Glycaemic Index (GI) diet on liver fat accumulation and gut microbiota composition in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): A study protocol of an efficacy mechanism evaluation (2021)
Journal Article
Al-Awadi, A., Grove, J., Taylor, M., Valdes, A., Vijay, A., Bawden, S., …Aithal, G. (2021). Effects of an isoenergetic low Glycaemic Index (GI) diet on liver fat accumulation and gut microbiota composition in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): A study protocol of an efficacy mechanism evaluation. BMJ Open, 11(10), Article e045802. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045802

Introduction A Low Glycaemic Index (LGI) diet is a proposed lifestyle intervention in non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) which is designed to reduce circulating blood glucose levels, hepatic glucose influx, insulin resistance and de novo lipo... Read More about Effects of an isoenergetic low Glycaemic Index (GI) diet on liver fat accumulation and gut microbiota composition in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): A study protocol of an efficacy mechanism evaluation.

Impact of isoenergetic intake of irregular meal patterns on thermogenesis, glucose metabolism, and appetite: a randomized controlled trial (2021)
Journal Article
Alhussain, M. H., Macdonald, I. A., & Taylor, M. A. (2022). Impact of isoenergetic intake of irregular meal patterns on thermogenesis, glucose metabolism, and appetite: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 115(1), 284-297. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab323

Background Evidence is emerging that interdaily meal pattern variability potentially affects response such as thermic effect of food (TEF), macronutrient metabolism, and appetite. Objectives To investigate the effect of irregular meal pattern o... Read More about Impact of isoenergetic intake of irregular meal patterns on thermogenesis, glucose metabolism, and appetite: a randomized controlled trial.

Identification of aroma compounds in a commonly prescribed oral nutritional supplement and associated changes in olfactory abilities with human ageing (2021)
Journal Article
Lester, S., Cornacchia, L., Corbier, C., Taylor, M. A., Ayed, C., Yang, N., …Fisk, I. (2021). Identification of aroma compounds in a commonly prescribed oral nutritional supplement and associated changes in olfactory abilities with human ageing. Scientific Reports, 11(1), Article 16518. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-95915-6

Undernutrition is prevalent in the older adult population. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are a clinically effective nutritional intervention, however, patient acceptance of ONS can be limited by their palatability. While sensory attributes such... Read More about Identification of aroma compounds in a commonly prescribed oral nutritional supplement and associated changes in olfactory abilities with human ageing.

Associations of changes in reported and estimated protein and energy intake with changes in insulin resistance, glycated hemoglobin, and BMI during the PREVIEW lifestyle intervention study (2021)
Journal Article
Drummen, M., Adam, T. C., Macdonald, I. A., Jalo, E., Larssen, T. M., Martinez, J. A., …Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S. (2021). Associations of changes in reported and estimated protein and energy intake with changes in insulin resistance, glycated hemoglobin, and BMI during the PREVIEW lifestyle intervention study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 114(5), 1847-1858. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab247

Background Observed associations of high-protein diets with changes in insulin resistance are inconclusive. Objectives We aimed to assess associations of changes in both reported and estimated protein (PRep; PEst) and energy intake (EIRep; EIE... Read More about Associations of changes in reported and estimated protein and energy intake with changes in insulin resistance, glycated hemoglobin, and BMI during the PREVIEW lifestyle intervention study.

Corrigendum: A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW) (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, R., Fogelholm, M., Larsen, T. M., Poppitt, S. D., Silvestre, M. P., Vestentoft, P. S., …Raben, A. (2021). Corrigendum: A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW). Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.736531

In the published article, there was an error in affiliations 5, 6 and 7. Instead of “5 Department of Nutrition, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain, 6 CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain, 7 Precision Nutrition Program, IMDEA Foo... Read More about Corrigendum: A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW).

Effect of intake of food hydrocolloids of bacterial origin on the glycemic response in humans: Systematic review and narrative synthesis (2021)
Journal Article
Alshammari, N. A., Taylor, M. A., Stevenson, R., Gouseti, O., Alyami, J., Muttakin, S., …Marciani, L. (2021). Effect of intake of food hydrocolloids of bacterial origin on the glycemic response in humans: Systematic review and narrative synthesis. Nutrients, 13(7), Article 2407. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072407

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by increased blood glucose levels from dysfunctional carbohydrate metabolism. Dietary intervention can help to prevent and manage the disease. Food hydrocolloids have been shown to have favorable... Read More about Effect of intake of food hydrocolloids of bacterial origin on the glycemic response in humans: Systematic review and narrative synthesis.

A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW) (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, R., Fogelholm, M., Larsen, T. M., Poppitt, S. D., Silvestre, M. P., Vestentoft, P. S., …Raben, A. (2021). A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW). Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.685648

Background: Previous studies have shown an increase in hunger during weight-loss maintenance (WLM) after diet-induced weight loss. Whether a combination of a higher protein, lower glycemic index (GI) diet and physical activity (PA) can counteract thi... Read More about A High-Protein, Low Glycemic Index Diet Suppresses Hunger but Not Weight Regain After Weight Loss: Results From a Large, 3-Years Randomized Trial (PREVIEW).

Age group determines the acceptability of protein derived off-flavour (2021)
Journal Article
Lester, S., Cornacchia, L., Corbier, C., Hurst, K., Ayed, C., Taylor, M. A., & Fisk, I. (2021). Age group determines the acceptability of protein derived off-flavour. Food Quality and Preference, 91, Article 104212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104212

© 2021 The Authors Many older adults fail to meet their daily protein requirements, potentially due to social, physical and medical factors, including sensory and appetite changes. Additionally, our previous research has identified potential sulfurou... Read More about Age group determines the acceptability of protein derived off-flavour.

A novel dietary intervention reduces circulatory branched-chain amino acids by 50%: A pilot study of relevance for obesity and diabetes (2020)
Journal Article
Ramzan, I., Taylor, M., Phillips, B., Wilkinson, D., Smith, K., Hession, K., …Atherton, P. (2021). A novel dietary intervention reduces circulatory branched-chain amino acids by 50%: A pilot study of relevance for obesity and diabetes. Nutrients, 13(1), Article 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010095

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Elevated circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; isoleucine, leucine, and valine) are associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Reducing circulatory BCAAs by dietary restrictio... Read More about A novel dietary intervention reduces circulatory branched-chain amino acids by 50%: A pilot study of relevance for obesity and diabetes.

The PREVIEW intervention study: Results from a 3-year randomized 2 x 2 factorial multinational trial investigating the role of protein, glycaemic index and physical activity for prevention of type 2 diabetes (2020)
Journal Article
Raben, A., Vestentoft, P. S., Brand‐Miller, J., Jalo, E., Drummen, M., Simpson, L., …Fogelholm, M. (2021). The PREVIEW intervention study: Results from a 3-year randomized 2 x 2 factorial multinational trial investigating the role of protein, glycaemic index and physical activity for prevention of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 23(2), 324-337. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.14219

© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Aim: To compare the impact of two long-term weight-maintenance diets, a high protein (HP) and low glycaemic index (GI) diet versus a moderate protein (MP) and moderate GI diet, combined with either high intensity (HI) o... Read More about The PREVIEW intervention study: Results from a 3-year randomized 2 x 2 factorial multinational trial investigating the role of protein, glycaemic index and physical activity for prevention of type 2 diabetes.

The Evaluation and Use of a Food Frequency Questionnaire Among the Population in Trivandrum, South Kerala, India (2020)
Journal Article
Vijay, A., Mohan, L., Taylor, M. A., Grove, J. I., Valdes, A. M., Aithal, G. P., & Shenoy, K. T. (2020). The Evaluation and Use of a Food Frequency Questionnaire Among the Population in Trivandrum, South Kerala, India. Nutrients, 12(2), Article 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020383

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Dietary record tools such as food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and food diaries (FD) are the most commonly used choices for assessing dietary intakes in most large-scale epidemiological studi... Read More about The Evaluation and Use of a Food Frequency Questionnaire Among the Population in Trivandrum, South Kerala, India.

Effect of a long bout versus short bouts of walking on weight loss during a weight loss diet: a randomized trial (2019)
Journal Article
Madjd, A., Taylor, M. A., Delavari, A., Malekzadeh, R., Macdonald, I. A., & Farshchi, H. R. (2019). Effect of a long bout versus short bouts of walking on weight loss during a weight loss diet: a randomized trial. Obesity, 27(4), 551-558. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22416

Objective: To evaluate the effect of different daily physical activity (PA) frequencies while maintaining the same daily volume of PA on weight loss, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, in women with overweight/obesity throughout a 24- week interventi... Read More about Effect of a long bout versus short bouts of walking on weight loss during a weight loss diet: a randomized trial.

Age-related changes in oral and nasal physiology and their significance in aroma release and perception (2018)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Lester, S., Taylor, M., Corbier, C., Cornacchia, L., & Fisk, I. (2018). Age-related changes in oral and nasal physiology and their significance in aroma release and perception. In Flavour Science: Proceedings of the XV Weurman Flavour Research Symposium (151-154). https://doi.org/10.3217/978-3-85125-593-5-33

With aging comes many physiological changes, including those in the oral and nasal cavity, such as impaired olfactory function, reduced salivary flow and compromised dental status and function [1-3]. These changes may impact on aroma release and flav... Read More about Age-related changes in oral and nasal physiology and their significance in aroma release and perception.

Beneficial effects of replacing diet beverages with water on type 2 diabetic obese women following a hypo-energetic diet: a randomized, 24-week clinical trial (2016)
Journal Article
Madjd, A., Taylor, M. A., Delavari, A., Malekzadeh, R., MacDonald, I. A., & Farshchi, H. R. (2017). Beneficial effects of replacing diet beverages with water on type 2 diabetic obese women following a hypo-energetic diet: a randomized, 24-week clinical trial. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 19(1), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.12793

Abstract AIMS: To compare the effect of replacing diet beverages (DBs) with water or continuing to drink DBs in patients with type 2 diabetes during a 24-week weight loss program. The primary endpoint was the effect of intervention on weight over... Read More about Beneficial effects of replacing diet beverages with water on type 2 diabetic obese women following a hypo-energetic diet: a randomized, 24-week clinical trial.

Effect of weekly physical activity frequency on weight loss in healthy overweight and obese women attending a weight loss program: a randomized controlled trial (2016)
Journal Article
Madjd, A., Taylor, M. A., Shafiei Neek, L., Delavari, A., Malekzadeh, R., MacDonald, I. A., & Farshchi, H. R. (2016). Effect of weekly physical activity frequency on weight loss in healthy overweight and obese women attending a weight loss program: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(5), 1202-1208. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.136408

© 2016 American Society for Nutrition. Background: The effect of intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) on weight loss has been well described. However, the effect of the frequency of weekly PA on weight loss is still unknown. Objective: Th... Read More about Effect of weekly physical activity frequency on weight loss in healthy overweight and obese women attending a weight loss program: a randomized controlled trial.

Beneficial effect of high energy intake at lunch rather than dinner on weight loss in healthy obese women in a weight-loss program: a randomized clinical trial (2016)
Journal Article
Madjd, A., Taylor, M. A., Delavari, A., Malekzadeh, R., MacDonald, I. A., & Farshchi, H. R. (2016). Beneficial effect of high energy intake at lunch rather than dinner on weight loss in healthy obese women in a weight-loss program: a randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(4), https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.134163

ABSTRACT Background: The association between the time of nutrient intake and health has been described in a few studies. To our knowledge, no study has evaluated the relation between high energy intakes at lunch compared with at dinner on weight los... Read More about Beneficial effect of high energy intake at lunch rather than dinner on weight loss in healthy obese women in a weight-loss program: a randomized clinical trial.

Does oral carbohydrate supplementation improve labour outcome? A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. (2016)
Journal Article

Background: Labour is a period of significant physical activity. The importance of carbohydrate intake to improve outcome has been recognised in sports medicine and general surgery. Objectives: To assess the effect of oral carbohydratesupplementatio... Read More about Does oral carbohydrate supplementation improve labour outcome? A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis..

Effects on weight loss in adults of replacing diet beverages with water during a hypoenergetic diet: a randomized, 24-wk clinical trial (2015)
Journal Article
Madjd, A., Taylor, M., Delavari, A., Malekzadeh, R., Macdonald, I. A., & Farshchi, H. R. (2015). Effects on weight loss in adults of replacing diet beverages with water during a hypoenergetic diet: a randomized, 24-wk clinical trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(6), 1305-1312. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.109397

© 2015 American Society for Nutrition. Background: Obese people believe that drinking diet beverages (DBs) may be a simple strategy to achieve weight loss. However, nutritionists advise drinking water when attempting to lose weight. It is unclear how... Read More about Effects on weight loss in adults of replacing diet beverages with water during a hypoenergetic diet: a randomized, 24-wk clinical trial.

Fat oxidation during exercise and satiety during recovery are increased following a low-glycemic index breakfast in sedentary women (2009)
Journal Article
Stevenson, E. J., Astbury, N. M., Simpson, E. J., Taylor, M. A., & Macdonald, I. A. (2009). Fat oxidation during exercise and satiety during recovery are increased following a low-glycemic index breakfast in sedentary women. Journal of Nutrition, 139(5), 890-897. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.101956

Consuming low-glycemic index (LGI) carbohydrates (CHO) before endurance exercise results in increased fat oxidation during exercise in trained men and women. It is not known if this phenomenon occurs during low intensity exercise and in untrained par... Read More about Fat oxidation during exercise and satiety during recovery are increased following a low-glycemic index breakfast in sedentary women.

Effects of dietary supplementation on work performance in Gambian laborers (1991)
Journal Article
Diaz, E., Goldberg, G. R., Taylor, M., Savage, J. M., Sellen, D., Coward, W. A., & Prentice, A. M. (1991). Effects of dietary supplementation on work performance in Gambian laborers. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 53(4), 803-811. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/53.4.803

The effect of food supplementation on productivity of Gambian subsistence farmers was studied during a natural food shortage induced by the annual hungry season. Sixteen men in two groups matched for weight, height, hemoglobin, and physical-work capa... Read More about Effects of dietary supplementation on work performance in Gambian laborers.