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Outputs (33)

Introduction (2023)
Book Chapter

Fibre-reinforced polymer composites are acknowledged to offer some of the highest specific properties (stiffness, strength) of any engineering materials, but this chapter takes a look at why these materials are not more widely adopted for general str... Read More about Introduction.

Improved cookstoves to reduce household air pollution exposure in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of intervention studies (2023)
Journal Article
Phillip, E., Langevin, J., Davis, M., Kumar, N., Walsh, A., Jumbe, V., …Stanistreet, D. (2023). Improved cookstoves to reduce household air pollution exposure in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of intervention studies. PLoS ONE, 18(4), Article e0284908. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0284908

Household air pollution (HAP), primarily from biomass fuels used for cooking, is associated with adverse health outcomes and premature mortality. It affects almost half of the world’s population, especially in low-income and low-resourced communities... Read More about Improved cookstoves to reduce household air pollution exposure in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of intervention studies.

Towards fair, just and equitable energy ecosystems through smart monitoring of household-scale biogas plants in Kenya (2023)
Journal Article
Clifford, M. J., Robinson, B. L., & Selby, G. (2023). Towards fair, just and equitable energy ecosystems through smart monitoring of household-scale biogas plants in Kenya. Energy Research and Social Science, 98, Article 103007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2023.103007

Anaerobic biogas digestors offer a technological solution to facilitate modern, sustainable, and equitable energy access, efficiency, and transition pathways to achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 7 – affordable, reliable, sustainable... Read More about Towards fair, just and equitable energy ecosystems through smart monitoring of household-scale biogas plants in Kenya.

Transforming North-South research partnerships: Lessons learned from energy, technology & enterprise global challenge research fund projects (2022)
Journal Article
Robinson, B. L., Clifford, M. J., & Jewitt, S. (2022). Transforming North-South research partnerships: Lessons learned from energy, technology & enterprise global challenge research fund projects. Energy Research and Social Science, 93, Article 102837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2022.102837

The Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) provided a mechanism for academia to undertake projects relevant to the Sustainable Development Goals but there have been limited opportunities to critically interrogate such projects. In this paper we will... Read More about Transforming North-South research partnerships: Lessons learned from energy, technology & enterprise global challenge research fund projects.

Not quite cooking on gas: Understanding biogas plant failure and abandonment in Northern Tanzania (2022)
Journal Article
Hewitt, J., Holden, M., Robinson, B., Jewitt, S., & Clifford, M. J. (2022). Not quite cooking on gas: Understanding biogas plant failure and abandonment in Northern Tanzania. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 165, Article 112600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112600

The potential for biogas to fulfil an integral role in promoting sustainable energy solutions, particularly in the Global South, is evident, and especially pertinent in the Sustainable Development Goal era. Internationally, multiple initiatives drive... Read More about Not quite cooking on gas: Understanding biogas plant failure and abandonment in Northern Tanzania.

A Review of Biomass Briquette Binders and Quality Parameters (2022)
Journal Article
Obi, O. F., Pecenka, R., & Clifford, M. J. (2022). A Review of Biomass Briquette Binders and Quality Parameters. Energies, 15(7), Article 2426. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15072426

The adverse effect of the use of fossil fuels on the environment and public health has given rise to a sustained renewable energy research and development. An important component of global renewable energy mix is the use of loose biomass, including a... Read More about A Review of Biomass Briquette Binders and Quality Parameters.

Convenience in a residence with demand response: A system dynamics simulation model (2022)
Journal Article
Bugaje, B., Rutherford, P., & Clifford, M. (2022). Convenience in a residence with demand response: A system dynamics simulation model. Applied Energy, 314, Article 118929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.118929

Demand Side Management (DSM) is a means to gain more control over energy demand to address some of the challenges of power grids. Demand Response (DR) is an approach to DSM that aims to influence the operation times of appliances; DR is often recomme... Read More about Convenience in a residence with demand response: A system dynamics simulation model.

TIME to Change: Rethinking Humanitarian Energy Access (2021)
Journal Article
Robinson, B., Clifford, M., & Jewitt, S. (2022). TIME to Change: Rethinking Humanitarian Energy Access. Energy Research and Social Science, 86, Article 102453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2021.102453

Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7-universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services by 2030-represents a considerable challenge. Currently, 40% of the global population do not have access to sustainable energy sources, and in... Read More about TIME to Change: Rethinking Humanitarian Energy Access.

Cooking for communities, children and cows: Lessons learned from institutional cookstoves in Nepal (2021)
Journal Article
Robinson, B. L., Clifford, M. J., Hewitt, J., & Jewitt, S. (2022). Cooking for communities, children and cows: Lessons learned from institutional cookstoves in Nepal. Energy for Sustainable Development, 66, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2021.10.012

Despite a long history of Improved Cookstove (ICS) interventions by Non-Governmental Organizations, International Development partners and the Government of Nepal, the majority of rural Nepalese people cook on a traditional open fire for their large-... Read More about Cooking for communities, children and cows: Lessons learned from institutional cookstoves in Nepal.

Which Biomass Stove(s) Capable of Reducing Household Air Pollution Are Available to the Poorest Communities Globally? (2021)
Journal Article
Stanistreet, D., Phillip, E., Kumar, N., Anderson de Cuevas, R., Davis, M., Langevin, J., …Clifford, M. (2021). Which Biomass Stove(s) Capable of Reducing Household Air Pollution Are Available to the Poorest Communities Globally?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(17), Article 9226. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179226

Globally, household and ambient air pollution (HAAP) leads to approximately seven million premature deaths per year. One of the main sources of household air pollution (HAP) is the traditional stove. So-called improved cookstoves (ICS) do not reduce... Read More about Which Biomass Stove(s) Capable of Reducing Household Air Pollution Are Available to the Poorest Communities Globally?.

A systems dynamics approach to the bottom-up simulation of residential appliance load (2021)
Journal Article
Bugaje, B., Rutherford, P., & Clifford, M. (2021). A systems dynamics approach to the bottom-up simulation of residential appliance load. Energy and Buildings, 247, Article 111164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2021.111164

Residential demand from real residences can be resource intensive to collect. There is need to generate synthetic residential load in energy research, and new approaches are welcome. Most of the simulation models of synthetic residential load that ou... Read More about A systems dynamics approach to the bottom-up simulation of residential appliance load.

TIME to Change: An Evaluation of Practical Action Nepal’s Results Based Finance Program (2021)
Journal Article
Robinson, B. L., Clifford, M. J., & Jewitt, S. (2021). TIME to Change: An Evaluation of Practical Action Nepal’s Results Based Finance Program. Energies, 14(10), Article 2891. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102891

Set against the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 7, and the need to increase biomass Improved Cookstove (ICS) adoption and sustained use across the globe, this paper presents an evaluation of Practical Action Nepal’s (PAN) Results Based Fi... Read More about TIME to Change: An Evaluation of Practical Action Nepal’s Results Based Finance Program.

Understanding the current market enablers for Nepal’s biomass cookstove industry (2021)
Journal Article
Robinson, B. L., Jewitt, S., Clifford, M. J., & Hewitt, J. (2022). Understanding the current market enablers for Nepal’s biomass cookstove industry. Development in Practice, 32(1), 52-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2021.1893659

This paper applies the market map tool to the Nepalese biomass cookstove market highlighting existing weaknesses in government policy, cookstove market chains and providing a framework for cookstove interventions that better address the social, econo... Read More about Understanding the current market enablers for Nepal’s biomass cookstove industry.

Current advances in microalgae harvesting and lipid extraction processes for improved biodiesel production: A review (2020)
Journal Article
Vasistha, S., Khanra, A., Clifford, M., & Rai, M. P. (2021). Current advances in microalgae harvesting and lipid extraction processes for improved biodiesel production: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 137, Article 110498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110498

Microalgae have been considered as a potential feedstock for biodiesel production, since its cultivation uses less land than other traditional oil crops and has a higher growth rate. A great challenge is a choice of an effective approach for microalg... Read More about Current advances in microalgae harvesting and lipid extraction processes for improved biodiesel production: A review.

A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites (2020)
Journal Article
Pantaloni, D., Bourmaud, A., Baley, C., Clifford, M. J., Ramage, M. H., & Shah, D. U. (2020). A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites. Materials, 13(21), Article 4811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214811

Liquid composite moulding (LCM) of plant fibre composites has gained much attention for the development of structural biobased composites. To produce quality composites, better understanding of the resin impregnation process and flow behaviour in pla... Read More about A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites.

Energy and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Household perceptions of improved cookstoves (2020)
Book Chapter
Jewitt, S., Atagher, P., Clifford, M., Ray, C., & Sesan, T. (2020). Energy and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Household perceptions of improved cookstoves. In T. Haller, & C. Zingerli (Eds.), Towards Shared Research: Participatory and Integrative Approaches in Researching African Environments – Opportunities, Challenges, Actualities in Natural and Social Sciences (91-124). Transcript Verlag

Around 2.7 billion people globally and 80% of households in Sub-Saharan Africa rely on solid biomass fuels for cooking and heating. This results in high levels of exposure to household air pollution (HAP); the second most common cause of death in eas... Read More about Energy and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Household perceptions of improved cookstoves.

“We cannot stop cooking”: Stove stacking, seasonality and the risky practices of household cookstove transitions in Nigeria (2019)
Journal Article
Jewitt, S., Atagher, P., & Clifford, M. (2020). “We cannot stop cooking”: Stove stacking, seasonality and the risky practices of household cookstove transitions in Nigeria. Energy Research and Social Science, 61, Article 101340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2019.101340

Drawing on qualitative data from three contrasting sites in Benue state, Nigeria, this paper explores how and why cooking system use and priorities vary over time and space as well as the influence of household air pollution (HAP)-related health risk... Read More about “We cannot stop cooking”: Stove stacking, seasonality and the risky practices of household cookstove transitions in Nigeria.

Market mapping for improved cookstoves: barriers and opportunities in East Africa (2019)
Journal Article
Stevens, L., Santangelo, E., Muzee, K., Clifford, M., & Jewitt, S. (2020). Market mapping for improved cookstoves: barriers and opportunities in East Africa. Development in Practice, 30(1), 37-51. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2019.1658717

The East African region has been a hub for the development and marketing of improved cookstoves from the 1980s. However, there are differences in the rates of uptake of stoves between Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. To investigate, we use a participatory... Read More about Market mapping for improved cookstoves: barriers and opportunities in East Africa.

“We Learnt that Being Together Would Give us a Voice”: Gender Perspectives on the East African Improved-Cookstove Value Chain (2019)
Journal Article
Sesan, T., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (2019). “We Learnt that Being Together Would Give us a Voice”: Gender Perspectives on the East African Improved-Cookstove Value Chain. Feminist Economics, 25(4), 240-266. https://doi.org/10.1080/13545701.2019.1657924

© 2019, © 2019 IAFFE. Improved cookstoves (ICS) have been promoted for several decades, with little success. Advocates looking to drive uptake encourage greater involvement of women in ICS enterprises, on the largely unproven premise that women’s par... Read More about “We Learnt that Being Together Would Give us a Voice”: Gender Perspectives on the East African Improved-Cookstove Value Chain.

Understanding the effect of indoor air pollution on pneumonia in children under five in low and middle income countries: a systematic review of evidence (2018)
Journal Article
Adaji, E. E., Ekezie, W., Clifford, M., & Phalkey, R. (2019). Understanding the effect of indoor air pollution on pneumonia in children under five in low and middle income countries: a systematic review of evidence. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(4), 3208–3225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3769-1

Background Exposure to indoor air pollution increases the risk of pneumonia in children, accounting for about a million deaths globally. This study investigates the individual effect of solid fuel, carbon monoxide (CO), black carbon (BC) and PM2.... Read More about Understanding the effect of indoor air pollution on pneumonia in children under five in low and middle income countries: a systematic review of evidence.

Experiences with improved cookstoves in Southern Africa (2018)
Journal Article
Pailman, W., De Groot, J., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (2018). Experiences with improved cookstoves in Southern Africa. Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, 29(4), 13-26. https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3051/2018/v29i4a5072

This study explores user experiences with improved cookstoves, drawing on findings from household surveys conducted in South Africa, Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia. Investigations were conducted on fuel and stove preferences; experiences with improved... Read More about Experiences with improved cookstoves in Southern Africa.

Exploring the Pentecostal faith—sustainability—entrepreneurship nexus in Zimbabwe (2018)
Book Chapter
Anderson, A. H., Clifford, M., Madziva, R., Thondhlana, J., & Goronga, P. (2018). Exploring the Pentecostal faith—sustainability—entrepreneurship nexus in Zimbabwe. In W. L. Filo, & A. C. McCrea (Eds.), Sustainability and the humanities (225-237). Cham: Springer Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95336-6_13

The aim of this paper is to explore the intersection between sustainability and the humanities, specifically the Pentecostal faith—entrepreneurship—sustainability nexus in Zimbabwe. It focuses on The Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa (ZAOGA) and asso... Read More about Exploring the Pentecostal faith—sustainability—entrepreneurship nexus in Zimbabwe.

Toilet training: what can the cookstove sector learn from improved sanitation promotion? (2018)
Journal Article
Sesan, T., Jewitt, S., Clifford, M., & Ray, C. (2018). Toilet training: what can the cookstove sector learn from improved sanitation promotion?. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 28(6), 667-682. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2018.1503235

Within the domain of public health, commonalities exist between the sanitation and cookstove sectors. Despite these commonalities and the grounds established for cross-learning between both sectors, however, there has not been much evidence of knowle... Read More about Toilet training: what can the cookstove sector learn from improved sanitation promotion?.

Culture, tradition, and taboo: understanding the social shaping of fuel choices and cooking practices in Nigeria (2017)
Journal Article
Akintan, O., Jewitt, S., & Clifford, M. (2018). Culture, tradition, and taboo: understanding the social shaping of fuel choices and cooking practices in Nigeria. Energy Research and Social Science, 40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.019

Wood fuel remains the most widely used domestic fuel amongst resource poor groups in many low-income countries, despite the environmental and health problems associated with exposure to wood smoke. Studies on household air pollution concentrate predo... Read More about Culture, tradition, and taboo: understanding the social shaping of fuel choices and cooking practices in Nigeria.

What's for dinner? Gendered decision-making and energy efficient cookstoves in Benue State, North Central Nigeria (2017)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Atagher, P., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (2017). What's for dinner? Gendered decision-making and energy efficient cookstoves in Benue State, North Central Nigeria. In C. Brebbia, & J. Sendra (Eds.), WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, volume 224, (101-111). https://doi.org/10.2495/ESUS170101

Solid biomass collection such as firewood rests mostly on women and children in settings where traditional fuels dominates household energy choices. A 2015 World Health Organisation (WHO) report estimated that 3.5 million people globally rely on soli... Read More about What's for dinner? Gendered decision-making and energy efficient cookstoves in Benue State, North Central Nigeria.

Engineering education for sustainable development: using online learning to support the new paradigms (2017)
Journal Article
Sivapalan, S., Clifford, M. J., & Speight, S. (in press). Engineering education for sustainable development: using online learning to support the new paradigms. Australasian Journal of Engineering Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/22054952.2017.1307592

This paper explores the experiences of three academic members of the University of Nottingham Open Online Course (NOOC) and Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) team, comprising an engineer (tutor), an engineering education specialist (facilitator) and... Read More about Engineering education for sustainable development: using online learning to support the new paradigms.

An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries (2016)
Journal Article
Gallagher, M., Beard, M., Clifford, M., & Watson, M. (2016). An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries. Energy for Sustainable Development, 33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2016.03.008

To mitigate the impact of: excess pollution, deforestation and injuries attributable to cookstoves in low-middle income countries, humanitarian and private sector organisations have made a commitment to distribute 100 million improved cookstoves (ICS... Read More about An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries.

Why do we observe significant differences between measured and ‘back-calculated’ properties of natural fibres? (2016)
Journal Article
Shah, D. U., Nag, R. K., & Clifford, M. (2016). Why do we observe significant differences between measured and ‘back-calculated’ properties of natural fibres?. Cellulose, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0926-x

The drive towards sustainability, even in materials technologies, has fuelled an increasing interest in bio-based composites. Cellulosic fibres, such as flax and jute, are being considered as alternatives to technical synthetic fibres, such as glass,... Read More about Why do we observe significant differences between measured and ‘back-calculated’ properties of natural fibres?.

Compaction, permeability and flow simulation for liquid composite moulding of natural fibre composites (2015)
Book Chapter
Shah, D. U., & Clifford, M. (2015). Compaction, permeability and flow simulation for liquid composite moulding of natural fibre composites. In M. Salit, M. Jawaid, N. Yusoff, & M. Hoque (Eds.), Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites (65-99). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07944-8_4

With the growing interest in developing high-performance natural fibre composites (NFRPs) for (semi-)-structural applications, researchers are increasingly considering liquid composite moulding (LCM) processes and investigating key manufacturing-rela... Read More about Compaction, permeability and flow simulation for liquid composite moulding of natural fibre composites.

Institutional practices versus student needs and its implications for the development of a holistic engineering education for sustainable development (EESD) framework (2014)
Book Chapter
Sivapalan, S., Subramaniam, G., & Clifford, M. (2015). Institutional practices versus student needs and its implications for the development of a holistic engineering education for sustainable development (EESD) framework. In W. L. Filho (Ed.), Transformative Approaches to Sustainable Development at Universities : Working across Disciplines (413-433). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08837-2_28

Sustainable development (SD) competences feature prominently in the 2012 Malaysian Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) manual. The manual outlines 12 outcomes that undergraduate engineering students of Malaysian universities are expected to devel... Read More about Institutional practices versus student needs and its implications for the development of a holistic engineering education for sustainable development (EESD) framework.

Mechanical Property Characterization of Aligned Plant Yarn Reinforced Thermoset Matrix Composites Manufactured via Vacuum Infusion (2014)
Journal Article
Shah, D. U., Schubel, P. J., Clifford, M. J., & Licence, P. (2014). Mechanical Property Characterization of Aligned Plant Yarn Reinforced Thermoset Matrix Composites Manufactured via Vacuum Infusion. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 53(3), 239-253. https://doi.org/10.1080/03602559.2013.843710

This article evaluates the mechanical properties of vacuum-infused unidirectional plant fiber composites (PFRPs), composing of bast fiber yarns and thermoset matrices. PFRPs are found to have lower fiber volume fractions than E-glass composites (GFRP... Read More about Mechanical Property Characterization of Aligned Plant Yarn Reinforced Thermoset Matrix Composites Manufactured via Vacuum Infusion.