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Diagnostic and prognostic significance of systemic alkyl quinolones for P. aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis: a longitudinal study

Barr, Helen L.; Halliday, Nigel; Barrett, David A.; Williams, Paul; Forrester, Doug L.; Peckham, Daniel; Williams, Kate; Smyth, Alan R.; Honeybourne, David; L. Whitehouse, Joanna; Nash, Edward F.; Dewar, Jane; Clayton, Andrew; Knox, Alan J.; Cámara, Miguel; Fogarty, Andrew W.

Authors

Helen L. Barr

Nigel Halliday

David A. Barrett

PAUL WILLIAMS paul.williams@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Molecular Microbiology

Doug L. Forrester

Daniel Peckham

Kate Williams

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ALAN SMYTH alan.smyth@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Child Health

David Honeybourne

Joanna L. Whitehouse

Edward F. Nash

Jane Dewar

Andrew Clayton

Alan J. Knox

ANDREW FOGARTY andrew.fogarty@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Associate Professor & Reader in Clinical Epidemiology



Abstract

Background
Pulmonary P. aeruginosa infection is associated with poor outcomes in cystic fibrosis (CF) and early diagnosis is challenging, particularly in those who are unable to expectorate sputum. Specific P. aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolones are detectable in the sputum, plasma and urine of adults with CF, suggesting that they have potential as biomarkers for P. aeruginosa infection.
Aim
To investigate systemic 2-alkyl-4-quinolones as potential biomarkers for pulmonary P. aeruginosa infection.
Methods
A multicentre observational study of 176 adults and 68 children with CF. Cross-sectionally, comparisons were made between current P. aeruginosa infection using six 2-alkyl-4-quinolones detected in sputum, plasma and urine against hospital microbiological culture results. All participants without P. aeruginosa infection at baseline were followed up for one year to determine if 2-alkyl-4-quinolones were early biomarkers of pulmonary P. aeruginosa infection.
Results
Cross-sectional analysis: the most promising biomarker with the greatest diagnostic accuracy was 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline (HHQ). In adults, areas under the ROC curves (95% confidence intervals) for HHQ analyses were 0.82 (0.75–0.89) in sputum, 0.76 (0.69–0.82) in plasma and 0.82 (0.77–0.88) in urine. In children, the corresponding values for HHQ analyses were 0.88 (0.77–0.99) in plasma and 0.83 (0.68–0.97) in urine.
Longitudinal analysis: Ten adults and six children had a new positive respiratory culture for P. aeruginosa in follow-up. A positive plasma HHQ test at baseline was significantly associated with a new positive culture for P. aeruginosa in both adults and children in follow-up (odds ratio (OR) = 6.67;-95% CI:-1.48–30.1;-p = 0.01 and OR = 70; 95% CI: 5–956;-p < 0.001 respectively).
Conclusions
AQs measured in sputum, plasma and urine may be used to diagnose current infection with P. aeruginosa in adults and children with CF. These preliminary data show that plasma HHQ may have potential as an early biomarker of pulmonary P. aeruginosa. Further studies are necessary to evaluate if HHQ could be used in clinical practice to aid early diagnosis of P. aeruginosa infection in the future.

Citation

Barr, H. L., Halliday, N., Barrett, D. A., Williams, P., Forrester, D. L., Peckham, D., …Fogarty, A. W. (2017). Diagnostic and prognostic significance of systemic alkyl quinolones for P. aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis: a longitudinal study. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 16(2), 230-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2016.10.005

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 6, 2016
Online Publication Date Oct 20, 2016
Publication Date 2017-03
Deposit Date Jan 26, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 26, 2017
Journal Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
Print ISSN 1569-1993
Electronic ISSN 1873-5010
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 2
Pages 230-238
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2016.10.005
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40106
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1569199316306178
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Diagnostic and prognostic significance of systemic alkyl quinolones for P. aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis: A longitudinal study; Journal Title: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2016.10.005; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Cystic Fibrosis Society.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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