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Discovery of hemocompatible bacterial biofilm-resistant copolymers

Singh, Taranjit; Hook, Andrew L.; Luckett, Jeni; Maitz, Manfred F.; Sperling, Claudia; Werner, Carsten; Davies, Martyn C.; Irvine, Derek J.; Williams, Paul; Alexander, Morgan R.


Taranjit Singh

Manfred F. Maitz

Claudia Sperling

Carsten Werner

Martyn C. Davies

Professor of Materials Chemistry

Professor of Molecular Microbiology


© 2020 The Authors Blood-contacting medical devices play an important role within healthcare and are required to be biocompatible, hemocompatible and resistant to microbial colonization. Here we describe a high throughput screen for copolymers with these specific properties. A series of weakly amphiphilic monomers are combinatorially polymerized with acrylate glycol monomers of varying chain lengths to create a library of 645 multi-functional candidate materials containing multiple chemical moieties that impart anti-biofilm, hemo- and immuno-compatible properties. These materials are screened in over 15,000 individual biological assays, targeting two bacterial species, one Gram negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and one Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) commonly associated with central venous catheter infections, using 5 different measures of hemocompatibility and 6 measures of immunocompatibililty. Selected copolymers reduce platelet activation, platelet loss and leukocyte activation compared with the standard comparator PTFE as well as reducing bacterial biofilm formation in vitro by more than 82% compared with silicone. Poly(isobornyl acrylate-co-triethylene glycol methacrylate) (75:25) is identified as the optimal material across all these measures reducing P. aeruginosa biofilm formation by up to 86% in vivo in a murine foreign body infection model compared with uncoated silicone.


Singh, T., Hook, A. L., Luckett, J., Maitz, M. F., Sperling, C., Werner, C., …Alexander, M. R. (2020). Discovery of hemocompatible bacterial biofilm-resistant copolymers. Biomaterials, 260, Article 120312.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 7, 2020
Online Publication Date Aug 19, 2020
Publication Date Nov 1, 2020
Deposit Date Sep 9, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 9, 2020
Journal Biomaterials
Print ISSN 0142-9612
Electronic ISSN 1878-5905
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 260
Article Number 120312
Public URL
Publisher URL


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