Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Outputs (26)

Effects of implementation of a care bundle on rates of necrotising enterocolitis and own mother’s milk feeding in the East Midlands: protocol for a mixed methods impact and process evaluation study (2024)
Journal Article

Introduction: Prevention of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is vital for improving neonatal outcomes. Feeding own mother’s milk helps prevent NEC. Rates of own mother’s milk feeding in the East Midlands are lower than the national average and the inc... Read More about Effects of implementation of a care bundle on rates of necrotising enterocolitis and own mother’s milk feeding in the East Midlands: protocol for a mixed methods impact and process evaluation study.

Association between opioid use during mechanical ventilation in preterm infants and evidence of brain injury: a propensity score-matched cohort study (2023)
Journal Article
Szatkowski, L., Sharkey, D., Budge, H., & Ojha, S. (2023). Association between opioid use during mechanical ventilation in preterm infants and evidence of brain injury: a propensity score-matched cohort study. eClinicalMedicine, 65, Article 102296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2023.102296

Background: Preterm infants often require mechanical ventilation (MV), which can be a painful experience. Opioids (such as morphine) are used to provide analgesia, despite conflicting evidence about their impact on the developing brain. We aimed to q... Read More about Association between opioid use during mechanical ventilation in preterm infants and evidence of brain injury: a propensity score-matched cohort study.

Observational cohort study of use of caffeine in preterm infants and association between early caffeine use and neonatal outcomes (2023)
Journal Article
Szatkowski, L., Fateh, S., Abramson, J., Kwok, T. C., Sharkey, D., Budge, H., & Ojha, S. (2023). Observational cohort study of use of caffeine in preterm infants and association between early caffeine use and neonatal outcomes. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 108(5), 505-510. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2022-324919

Objective: To quantify trends in caffeine use in infants born at

Anti-reflux medication use in preterm infants (2021)
Journal Article
Binti Abdul Hamid, H., Szatkowski, L., Budge, H., & Ojha, S. (2022). Anti-reflux medication use in preterm infants. Pediatric Research, 92, 520-525. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-021-01821-y

Background: Current recommendations do not support the use of anti-reflux medications to treat gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) among preterm infants. Objective: To describe the prevalence of GORD and the use of anti-reflux medications amongs... Read More about Anti-reflux medication use in preterm infants.

Observational cohort study of changing trends in non-invasive ventilation in very preterm infants and associations with clinical outcomes (2021)
Journal Article
Sand, L., Szatkowski, L., Kwok, T. C., Sharkey, D., Todd, D. A., Budge, H., & Ojha, S. (2022). Observational cohort study of changing trends in non-invasive ventilation in very preterm infants and associations with clinical outcomes. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 107(2), 150-155. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2021-322390

Objective: To determine the change in non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use over time in infants born at

Housing temperature modulates the impact of diet-induced rise in fat mass on adipose tissue before and during pregnancy in rats (2019)
Journal Article
Albustanji, L., Perez, G. S., Alharethi, E., Aldiss, P., Bloor, I., Barreto-Medeiros, J. M., …Dellschaft, N. (2019). Housing temperature modulates the impact of diet-induced rise in fat mass on adipose tissue before and during pregnancy in rats. Frontiers in Physiology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00209

Aim: To investigate whether housing temperature influences rat adiposity, and the extent it is modified by diet and/or pregnancy. Housing temperature impacts on brown adipose tissue, that possess a unique uncoupling protein (UCP) 1, which, when activ... Read More about Housing temperature modulates the impact of diet-induced rise in fat mass on adipose tissue before and during pregnancy in rats.

The Impact of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes on Markers of Folate Metabolism in the Placenta (2018)
Journal Article
Martino, J., Segura, M., García-Valdés, L., Padilla, M., Rueda, R., McArdle, H., …Campoy, C. (2018). The Impact of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes on Markers of Folate Metabolism in the Placenta. Nutrients, 10(11), Article 1750. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111750

Dietary methyl donors, including folate, may modify the placenta and size at birth but the influence of maternal body weight has not been widely investigated. We therefore examined whether maternal or fetal folate status, together with indices of pla... Read More about The Impact of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes on Markers of Folate Metabolism in the Placenta.

Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed (2018)
Journal Article
Retzler, J., Johnson, S., Groom, M., Hollis, C., Budge, H., & Cragg, L. (2019). Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed. Child Neuropsychology, 25(5), 617-635. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2018.1510908

Background: Inattention is one of the most common neurobehavioural problems following very preterm birth. Attention problems can persist into adulthood and are associated with negative socio-emotional and educational outcomes. This study aimed to det... Read More about Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed.

Exercise-induced ‘browning’ of adipose tissues (2017)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Betts, J. A., Sale, C., Pope, M., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (2018). Exercise-induced ‘browning’ of adipose tissues. Metabolism, 81, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2017.11.009

Global rates of obesity continue to rise and are necessarily the consequence of a long-term imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. This is the result of an expansion of adipose tissue due to both the hypertrophy of existing adipocyte... Read More about Exercise-induced ‘browning’ of adipose tissues.

Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet (2017)
Journal Article
Saroha, V., Dellschaft, N. S., Keisler, D. H., Gardner, D. S., Budge, H., Sebert, S. P., & Symonds, M. E. (2018). Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 30, https://doi.org/10.1071/RD16494

Intra-uterine growth restriction in late pregnancy can contribute to adverse long term metabolic health in the offspring. We utilised an animal (sheep) model of maternal dietary manipulation in late pregnancy, combined with exposure of the offspring... Read More about Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet.

Beyond obesity - thermogenic adipocytes and cardiometabolic health (2017)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Dellschaft, N. S., Sacks, H., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (in press). Beyond obesity - thermogenic adipocytes and cardiometabolic health. Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation, 31(2), https://doi.org/10.1515/hmbci-2017-0007

The global prevalence of obesity and related cardiometabolic disease continues to increase through the 21st century. Whilst multi-factorial, obesity is ultimately caused by chronic caloric excess. However, despite numerous interventions focussing on... Read More about Beyond obesity - thermogenic adipocytes and cardiometabolic health.

Newborn infants with bilious vomiting: a national audit of neonatal transport services (2017)
Journal Article
Ojha, S., Sand, L., Ratnavel, N., Kempley, S., Sinha, A., Mohinuddin, S., …Leslie, A. (2017). Newborn infants with bilious vomiting: a national audit of neonatal transport services. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102(6), Article F515-518. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2016-312208

Objective: The precautionary approach to urgently investigate infants with bilious vomiting has increased the numbers referred to transport teams and tertiary surgical centres. The aim of this national UK audit was to quantify referrals, determine th... Read More about Newborn infants with bilious vomiting: a national audit of neonatal transport services.

Ontogeny and thermogenic role for sternal fat in female sheep (2017)
Journal Article
Henry, B. A., Pope, M., Birtwistle, M., Loughnan, R., Alagal, R., Fuller-Jackson, J.-P., …Symonds, M. E. (in press). Ontogeny and thermogenic role for sternal fat in female sheep. Endocrinology, 158(7), https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2017-00081

Brown adipose tissue acting through a unique uncoupling protein (UCP1) has a critical role in preventing hypothermia in new-born sheep but is then considered to rapidly disappear during postnatal life. The extent to which the anatomical location of f... Read More about Ontogeny and thermogenic role for sternal fat in female sheep.

Is a reduction in brown adipose thermogenesis responsible for the change in core body temperature at menopause? (2016)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (2016). Is a reduction in brown adipose thermogenesis responsible for the change in core body temperature at menopause?. Cardiovascular Endocrinology, 5(4), 155-156. https://doi.org/10.1097/XCE.0000000000000089

Maintenance of thermal homeostasis within a tight range is regulated not only by a variety of internal and external cues but also by sex and biological age. The major organ responsible for adaptive thermogenesis is brown adipose tissue (BAT) and the... Read More about Is a reduction in brown adipose thermogenesis responsible for the change in core body temperature at menopause?.

‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk (2016)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Davies, G., Woods, R., Budge, H., Sacks, H. S., & Symonds, M. E. (2017). ‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk. International Journal of Cardiology, 228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.074

Excess visceral adiposity, in particular that located adjacent to the heart and coronary arteries is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In the pathophysiological state, dysfunctional adipose tissue secretes an array of factors modulating... Read More about ‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk.

Gene pathway development in human epicardial adipose tissue during early life (2016)
Journal Article
Ojha, S., Fainberg, H. P., Wilson, V., Pelella, G., Castellanos, M., May, S., …Budge, H. (in press). Gene pathway development in human epicardial adipose tissue during early life. JCI insight, 1(13), Article e87460. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.87460

Studies in rodents and newborn humans demonstrate the influence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in temperature control and energy balance and a critical role in the regulation of body weight. Here, we obtained samples of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)... Read More about Gene pathway development in human epicardial adipose tissue during early life.

Maternal Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes Differentially Influence Placental and Pregnancy Outcomes (2015)
Journal Article
Martino, J., Sebert, S., Segura, M. T., García-Valdés, L., Florido, J., Padilla, M. C., …Campoy, C. (2016). Maternal Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes Differentially Influence Placental and Pregnancy Outcomes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 101(1), 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2015-2590

Context: Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can both contribute to adverse neonatal outcomes. The extent to which this may be mediated by differences in placental metabolism and nutrient transport remains to be determined.... Read More about Maternal Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes Differentially Influence Placental and Pregnancy Outcomes.

Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring (2015)
Journal Article
Dellschaft, N. S., Alexandre-Gouabau, M.-C., Gardner, D. S., Antignac, J.-P., Keisler, D. H., Budge, H., …Sebert, S. P. (2015). Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring. Journal of Endocrinology, 224(2), https://doi.org/10.1530/JOE-14-0600

Maternal caloric restriction during late gestation reduces birth weight, but whether long-term adverse metabolic outcomes of intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) are dependent on either accelerated postnatal growth or exposure to an obesogenic env... Read More about Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring.

Sex differences in metabolic and adipose tissue responses to juvenile-onset obesity in sheep (2013)
Journal Article
Bloor, I. D., Sébert, S. P., Saroha, V., Gardner, D. S., Keisler, D. H., Budge, H., …Mahajan, R. P. (2013). Sex differences in metabolic and adipose tissue responses to juvenile-onset obesity in sheep. Endocrinology, 154(10), https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2013-1207

Sex is a major factor determining adipose tissue distribution and the subsequent adverse effects of obesity-related disease including type 2 diabetes. The role of gender on juvenile obesity and the accompanying metabolic and inflammatory responses is... Read More about Sex differences in metabolic and adipose tissue responses to juvenile-onset obesity in sheep.

Maternal nutrient restriction during late gestation and early postnatal growth in sheep differentially reset the control of energy metabolism in the gastric mucosa (2011)
Journal Article
Sebert, S., Dellschaft, N., Chan, L., Street, H., Henry, M., Francois, C., …Symonds, M. E. (2011). Maternal nutrient restriction during late gestation and early postnatal growth in sheep differentially reset the control of energy metabolism in the gastric mucosa. Endocrinology, 152(7), https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2011-0169

Fetal growth restriction followed by accelerated postnatal growth contributes to impaired metabolic function in adulthood. The extent to which these outcomes may be mediated centrally within the hypothalamus, as opposed to in the periphery within the... Read More about Maternal nutrient restriction during late gestation and early postnatal growth in sheep differentially reset the control of energy metabolism in the gastric mucosa.

Ontogeny and nutritional programming of mitochondrial proteins in the ovine kidney, liver and lung (2007)
Journal Article
Yakubu, D., Mostyn, A., Hyatt, M., Kurlak, L., Budge, H., Stephenson, T., & Symonds, M. E. (2007). Ontogeny and nutritional programming of mitochondrial proteins in the ovine kidney, liver and lung. Reproduction, 134, https://doi.org/10.1530/REP-07-0155

This study investigated the developmental and nutritional programming of two important mitochondrial proteins, namely voltage dependent anion channel (VDAC) and cytochrome c in the sheep kidney, liver and lung. The effect of maternal nutrient restric... Read More about Ontogeny and nutritional programming of mitochondrial proteins in the ovine kidney, liver and lung.

Ontogeny and nutritional programming of the hepatic growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-prolactin axis in the sheep (2007)
Journal Article
Hyatt, M., Budge, H., Walker, D., Stephenson, T., & Symonds, M. E. (2007). Ontogeny and nutritional programming of the hepatic growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-prolactin axis in the sheep. Endocrinology, 148(10), https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2007-0303

The liver is an important metabolic and endocrine organ in the fetus but the extent to which its hormone receptor (R) sensitivity is developmentally regulated in early life is not fully established. We, therefore, examined developmental changes in mR... Read More about Ontogeny and nutritional programming of the hepatic growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-prolactin axis in the sheep.

Effect of maternal cold exposure and nutrient restriction on insulin-like growth factor sensitivity in adipose tissue of newborn sheep (2007)
Journal Article
Butt, E., Hyatt, M., Budge, H., Symonds, M., & Stephenson, T. (2007). Effect of maternal cold exposure and nutrient restriction on insulin-like growth factor sensitivity in adipose tissue of newborn sheep

Adipose tissue mass in the newborn is determined in part by insulin-like growth factor (IGF)s, which are dependent on the maternal nutritional and metabolic environment during late gestation. The present study was designed to determine whether matern... Read More about Effect of maternal cold exposure and nutrient restriction on insulin-like growth factor sensitivity in adipose tissue of newborn sheep.

Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep (2000)
Journal Article
Heasman, L., Brameld, J., Mostyn, A., Budge, H., Dawson, J., Buttery, P., …Symonds, M. E. (2000). Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 12(7-8), 345-350. https://doi.org/10.1071/RD00115

The present study was designed to determine whether altered placental size, as a consequence of maternal nutrient restriction in sheep between 28 and 77 days gestation, is associated with a modified relationship between fetal weight or dimensions and... Read More about Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep.

Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep (2000)
Journal Article
Heasman, L., Brameld, J., Mostyn, A., Budge, H., Dawson, J., Buttery, P., …Symonds, M. E. (2000). Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 12(7-8), 345-350. https://doi.org/10.1071/rd00115

The present study was designed to determine whether altered placental size, as a consequence of maternal nutrient restriction in sheep between 28 and 77 days gestation, is associated with a modified relationship between fetal weight or dimensions and... Read More about Maternal nutrient restriction during early to mid gestation alters the relationship between insulin-like growth factor I and bodyweight at term in fetal sheep.