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Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality of Raynaud’s Phenomenon, Sjögren’s Syndrome, and Scleroderma: an umbrella review of systematic reviews (2024)
Journal Article
Chen, A., Lax, S. J., Grainge, M. J., Lanyon, P. C., & Pearce, F. A. (in press). Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality of Raynaud’s Phenomenon, Sjögren’s Syndrome, and Scleroderma: an umbrella review of systematic reviews. Rheumatology Advances in Practice,

Objectives: To comprehensively review systematic reviews of prevalence, incidence, and mortality of Raynaud’s, Sjögren’s, and Scleroderma, and to identify any research gaps. Methods: An umbrella review of English language systematic reviews was unde... Read More about Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality of Raynaud’s Phenomenon, Sjögren’s Syndrome, and Scleroderma: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

Uptake, safety and effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in inflammatory bowel disease: a UK-wide study (2024)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Nguyen Van-Tam, J. S., & Abhishek, A. (2024). Uptake, safety and effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in inflammatory bowel disease: a UK-wide study. BMJ Open Gastroenterology, 11(1), Article e001370. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgast-2024-001370

Objective To investigate (1) the UK-wide inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) uptake in adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), (2) the association between vaccination against influenza and IBD flare and (3) the effectiveness of IIV in preventin... Read More about Uptake, safety and effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in inflammatory bowel disease: a UK-wide study.

Risk factors for the development of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, following drug administration: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2024)
Journal Article
Fathima, S., Grainge, M. J., Wainman, H., Swiderski, M., & Gran, S. (2024). Risk factors for the development of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, following drug administration: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, https://doi.org/10.1093/ced/llae183

The aim of this systematic review was to determine risk factors for the development of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TEN), following drug administration. The study protocol was registered on PROSPERO. The Preferred Reportin... Read More about Risk factors for the development of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, following drug administration: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Discontinuation of anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha treatment owing to blood test abnormalities, and cost-effectiveness of alternate blood monitoring strategies (2024)
Journal Article
Abhishek, A., Stevenson, M. D., Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Evans, I., Alabas, O., …Williams, H. C. (2024). Discontinuation of anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha treatment owing to blood test abnormalities, and cost-effectiveness of alternate blood monitoring strategies. British Journal of Dermatology, 190(4), 559-564. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjd/ljad430

Background: There is no evidence base to support the use of 6-monthly monitoring blood tests for the early detection of liver, blood and renal toxicity during established anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) treatment. Objectives: To evaluate the... Read More about Discontinuation of anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha treatment owing to blood test abnormalities, and cost-effectiveness of alternate blood monitoring strategies.

The effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with common immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold (2024)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Nguyen Van-Tam, J. S., & Abhishek, A. (2024). The effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with common immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold. The Lancet Rheumatology, Article keae160. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keae160

Background The effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in people with common immune mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) has not been evaluated. We investigated the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in preventing respiratory morbidity a... Read More about The effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with common immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold.

Uptake and safety of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide observational study (2024)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Nguyen Van-Tam, J. S., Abhishek, A., & . (2024). Uptake and safety of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide observational study. Rheumatology, Article keae160. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keae160

Objective The uptake and safety of pneumococcal vaccination in people with immune mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) is poorly understood. We investigated the UK wide pneumococcal vaccine uptake in adults with IMIDs and explored the association b... Read More about Uptake and safety of pneumococcal vaccination in adults with immune mediated inflammatory diseases: a UK wide observational study.

Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation (2024)
Journal Article
Abhishek, A., Grainge, M., Card, T., Williams, H. C., Taal, M. W., Aithal, G. P., …Riley, R. (2024). Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation. RMD Open, 10(1), Article e003980. https://doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003980

Background Sulfasalazine-induced cytopenia, nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity is uncommon during long-term treatment. Some guidelines recommend 3 monthly monitoring blood tests indefinitely during long-term treatment while others recommend stopping m... Read More about Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation.

Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation (2023)
Preprint / Working Paper
Abhishek, A., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Williams, H. C., Taal, M. W., Aithal, G. P., …Riley, R. D. Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation

Background Sulfasalazine induced cytopenia, nephrotoxicity, and hepatotoxicity is uncommon during long-term treatment. Some guidelines recommend three monthly monitoring blood-tests indefinitely while others recommend stopping monitoring after one ye... Read More about Risk-stratified monitoring for sulfasalazine toxicity: prognostic model development and validation.

Antibody response to four doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in rare autoimmune rheumatic diseases: an observational study (2023)
Journal Article
Gumber, L., Jackson, H., Gomez, N., Hopkins, G., Tucis, D., Chakravorty, M., …Fairclough, L. (2023). Antibody response to four doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in rare autoimmune rheumatic diseases: an observational study. Rheumatology Advances in Practice, 7(3), Article rkad097. https://doi.org/10.1093/rap/rkad097

Objective: Antibody responses to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are reduced among immunocompromised patients but are not well quantified among people with rare disease. We conducted an observational study to evaluate the antibody respon... Read More about Antibody response to four doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in rare autoimmune rheumatic diseases: an observational study.

Risk-stratified monitoring for thiopurine toxicity in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development, validation, and, health economic evaluation (2023)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Card, T., Grainge, M. J., Williams, H. C., Taal, M. W., Aithal, G. P., …Abhishek, A. (2023). Risk-stratified monitoring for thiopurine toxicity in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development, validation, and, health economic evaluation. eClinicalMedicine, 64, Article 102213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2023.102213

Background: Patients established on thiopurines (e.g., azathioprine) are recommended to undergo three-monthly blood tests for the early detection of blood, liver, or kidney toxicity. These side-effects are uncommon during long-term treatment. We deve... Read More about Risk-stratified monitoring for thiopurine toxicity in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development, validation, and, health economic evaluation.

Risk stratified monitoring for methotrexate toxicity in immune mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development and validation using primary care data from the UK (2023)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Williams, H. C., Card, T., Taal, M. W., Aithal, G. P., …Abhishek, A. (2023). Risk stratified monitoring for methotrexate toxicity in immune mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development and validation using primary care data from the UK. BMJ, 381, Article e074678. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2022-074678

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a prognostic model to inform risk stratified decisions on frequency of monitoring blood tests during long term methotrexate treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Electronic health records within th... Read More about Risk stratified monitoring for methotrexate toxicity in immune mediated inflammatory diseases: prognostic model development and validation using primary care data from the UK.

Is Vaccination Against COVID-19 Associated With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Flare? Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis Using the UK CPRD (2023)
Journal Article
Card, T. R., Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C. D., Van-Tam, J. S. N., Williams, H. C., & Abhishek, A. (2023). Is Vaccination Against COVID-19 Associated With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Flare? Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis Using the UK CPRD. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 118(8), 1388-1394. https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000002205

INTRODUCTION: To investigate the association between vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) flare. METHODS: Patients with IBD vaccinated against COVID-19 who consulted for disease flare be... Read More about Is Vaccination Against COVID-19 Associated With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Flare? Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis Using the UK CPRD.

Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with psoriasis or eczema flare? Self-controlled case series analysis using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (Aurum) (2022)
Journal Article
Adams, L., Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Van-Tam, J. S., …Abhishek, A. (2022). Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with psoriasis or eczema flare? Self-controlled case series analysis using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (Aurum). British Journal of Dermatology, 188(2), 297-299. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjd/ljac061

Long-term adverse effects and healthcare burden of rectal cancer radiotherapy: systematic review and meta-analysis (2022)
Journal Article
Morton, A. J., Rashid, A., Shim, J. S., West, J., Humes, D. J., & Grainge, M. J. (2023). Long-term adverse effects and healthcare burden of rectal cancer radiotherapy: systematic review and meta-analysis. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 93(1-2), 42-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/ans.18059

Background: As rectal cancer survival increases, more patients survive with potentially severe, long-term gastrointestinal and genitourinary complications from radiotherapy. The burden of these complications for patients and healthcare services is un... Read More about Long-term adverse effects and healthcare burden of rectal cancer radiotherapy: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with autoimmune rheumatic disease flare? A self-controlled case series analysis (2022)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Nguyen Van-Tam, J. S., Williams, H. C., & Abhishek, A. (2023). Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with autoimmune rheumatic disease flare? A self-controlled case series analysis. Rheumatology, 62(4), 1445-1450. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keac484

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and autoimmune rheumatic disease (AIRD) flare. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with AIRDs vaccinated against COVID-19 who consulted for dise... Read More about Is vaccination against COVID-19 associated with autoimmune rheumatic disease flare? A self-controlled case series analysis.

Predicting Need for Escalation of Care or Death From Repeated Daily Clinical Observations and Laboratory Results in Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (2022)
Journal Article
Crooks, C. J., West, J., Fogarty, A., Morling, J. R., Grainge, M. J., Gonem, S., …Card, T. R. (2022). Predicting Need for Escalation of Care or Death From Repeated Daily Clinical Observations and Laboratory Results in Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. American Journal of Epidemiology, 191(11), 1944-1953. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwac126

We compared the performance of prognostic tools for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using parameters fitted either at the time of hospital admission or across all time points of an admission. This cohort study used clinic... Read More about Predicting Need for Escalation of Care or Death From Repeated Daily Clinical Observations and Laboratory Results in Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.

Incidence and pattern of mycophenolate discontinuation associated with abnormal monitoring blood-test results: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Aurum (2022)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Riley, R., Van Der Windt, D., …Abhishek, A. (2022). Incidence and pattern of mycophenolate discontinuation associated with abnormal monitoring blood-test results: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Aurum. Rheumatology Advances in Practice, 6(2), Article rkac046. https://doi.org/10.1093/rap/rkac046

Objective: The aim was to examine the incidence and pattern of MMF discontinuation associated with abnormal monitoring blood-test results. Methods: Data from people prescribed MMF for common inflammatory conditions in the Clinical Practice Research D... Read More about Incidence and pattern of mycophenolate discontinuation associated with abnormal monitoring blood-test results: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Aurum.

Development and validation of a prognostic model for leflunomide discontinuation with abnormal blood tests during long-term treatment: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold and Aurum (2021)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Taal, M. W., Aithal, G. P., Zhang, W., …Abhishek, A. (2022). Development and validation of a prognostic model for leflunomide discontinuation with abnormal blood tests during long-term treatment: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold and Aurum. Rheumatology, 61(7), 2783-2791. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab790

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a prognostic model for LEF discontinuation with abnormal blood test results. METHODS: Data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold and Aurum were used for model development and external validation, respect... Read More about Development and validation of a prognostic model for leflunomide discontinuation with abnormal blood tests during long-term treatment: cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Gold and Aurum.

Population‐based cohort study of the efficacy of brentuximab vedotin in relapsed systemic anaplastic large‐cell lymphoma using Public Health England data (2021)
Journal Article
Halligan, S. J., Grainge, M. J., Martinez-Calle, N., Fox, C. P., & Bishton, M. J. (2022). Population‐based cohort study of the efficacy of brentuximab vedotin in relapsed systemic anaplastic large‐cell lymphoma using Public Health England data. British Journal of Haematology, 196(4), 932-938. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17896

Systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (sALCL) is a rare T-cell lymphoma associated with poor prognosis after relapse. The immuno-conjugate Brentuximab Vedotin (BV) first became available for relapsed sALCL in England in 2013, following the results... Read More about Population‐based cohort study of the efficacy of brentuximab vedotin in relapsed systemic anaplastic large‐cell lymphoma using Public Health England data.

Chest Radiograph Scoring Alone or Combined with Other Risk Scores for Predicting Outcomes in COVID-19 (2021)
Journal Article
Au-Yong, I., Higashi, Y., Giannotti, E., Fogarty, A., Morling, J. R., Grainge, M., …Card, T. (2022). Chest Radiograph Scoring Alone or Combined with Other Risk Scores for Predicting Outcomes in COVID-19. Radiology, 302(2), 460-469. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2021210986

Background Radiographic severity may help predict patient deterioration and outcomes from COVID-19 pneumonia. Purpose To assess the reliability and reproducibility of three chest radiograph reporting systems (radiographic assessment of lung edema [RA... Read More about Chest Radiograph Scoring Alone or Combined with Other Risk Scores for Predicting Outcomes in COVID-19.

The global incidence of bullous pemphigoid: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2021)
Journal Article
Persson, M. S., Begum, N., Grainge, M. J., Harman, K. E., Grindlay, D., & Gran, S. (2022). The global incidence of bullous pemphigoid: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Dermatology, 186(3), 414-425. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.20743

Background: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune blistering disorder that mainly affects older people. Although the disease is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, the burden of disease worldwide is unclear. Objectives: The study... Read More about The global incidence of bullous pemphigoid: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Improved survival outcomes despite older age at diagnosis: an era‐by‐era analysis of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma treated at a single referral centre in the United Kingdom (2021)
Journal Article
Kaji, F. A., Martinez‐Calle, N., Bishton, M. J., Figueroa, R., Adlington, J., O’Donoghue, M., …Fox, C. P. (2021). Improved survival outcomes despite older age at diagnosis: an era‐by‐era analysis of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma treated at a single referral centre in the United Kingdom. British Journal of Haematology, 195(4), 561-570. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17747

Observational studies with long-term follow-up of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) are scarce. Patient data over a period of four decades were retrospectively analysed from databases at Not-tingham University Hospitals Tr... Read More about Improved survival outcomes despite older age at diagnosis: an era‐by‐era analysis of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma treated at a single referral centre in the United Kingdom.

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Incidence Rate of Takayasu Arteritis (2021)
Journal Article
Grainge, M. J., Rutter, M., Lanyon, P. C., Pearce, F. A., Bowley, J., & Claringburn, T. (2021). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Incidence Rate of Takayasu Arteritis. Rheumatology, 60(11), 4982-4990. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab406

Objectives: Takayasu arteritis (TAK), is a rare autoimmune rheumatic disease causing large vessel vasculitis. Onset is typically between the ages of 20-30. It is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, notably due to its effects on the... Read More about A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Incidence Rate of Takayasu Arteritis.

What is the incidence of methotrexate or leflunomide discontinuation related to cytopenia, liver enzyme elevation or kidney function decline? (2021)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Card, T., Mallen, C. D., Zhang, W., Doherty, M., …Abhishek, A. (2021). What is the incidence of methotrexate or leflunomide discontinuation related to cytopenia, liver enzyme elevation or kidney function decline?. Rheumatology, 60(12), 5785-5794. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab254

Objectives: To examine incidence of treatment changes due to abnormal blood-test results and, to explore rates of treatment changes due to liver, kidney and haematological blood-test abnormalities in autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AIRD) treated with... Read More about What is the incidence of methotrexate or leflunomide discontinuation related to cytopenia, liver enzyme elevation or kidney function decline?.

β-blocker prescription is associated with lower cumulative risk of knee osteoarthritis and knee pain consultations in primary care: A propensity score-matched cohort study (2021)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., Townsend, N., D. Mallen, C., Zhang, W., …Abhishek, A. (2021). β-blocker prescription is associated with lower cumulative risk of knee osteoarthritis and knee pain consultations in primary care: A propensity score-matched cohort study. Rheumatology, 60(12), 5686-5696. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab234

Objectives: To examine the association between β-blocker prescription and first primary-care consultation for knee OA, hip OA, knee pain and hip pain. Methods: Data source: Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Participants aged ≥40 years in receipt o... Read More about β-blocker prescription is associated with lower cumulative risk of knee osteoarthritis and knee pain consultations in primary care: A propensity score-matched cohort study.

Risk of death among people with rare autoimmune diseases compared with the general population in England during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic (2020)
Journal Article
Peach, E., Rutter, M., Lanyon, P., Grainge, M. J., Hubbard, R., Aston, J., …Pearce, F. (2021). Risk of death among people with rare autoimmune diseases compared with the general population in England during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. Rheumatology, 60(4), 1902–1909. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keaa855

Objectives: To quantify the risk of death among people with rare autoimmune rheumatic diseases (RAIRD) during the UK 2020 COVID-19 pandemic compared with the general population, and compared with their pre-COVID risk. Methods: We conducted a cohort s... Read More about Risk of death among people with rare autoimmune diseases compared with the general population in England during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic.

Outcome assessment in dermatology clinical trials and cochrane reviews: call for a dermatology‐specific outcome taxonomy (2020)
Journal Article
Lange, T., Kottner, J., Weberschock, T., Hahnel, E., Apfelbacher, C., Brandstetter, S., …Schmitt, J. (2021). Outcome assessment in dermatology clinical trials and cochrane reviews: call for a dermatology‐specific outcome taxonomy. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 35(2), 523-535. https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.16854

Background: Standardized outcome reporting is crucial for trial evidence synthesis and translation of findings into clinical decision making. The OMERACT 2.0 Filter and COMET outcome domain taxonomy propose frameworks for consistent reporting of outc... Read More about Outcome assessment in dermatology clinical trials and cochrane reviews: call for a dermatology‐specific outcome taxonomy.

Disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease is associated with arterial vascular disease (2020)
Journal Article
Card, T. R., Zittan, E., Nguyen, G. C., & Grainge, M. J. (2021). Disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease is associated with arterial vascular disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 27(5), 629–638. https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izaa156

Background and Aims: There is evidence that several inflammatory diseases are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Whether this is true for inflammatory bowel diseases remains controversial. We aimed to assess this risk corrected for the ef... Read More about Disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease is associated with arterial vascular disease.

Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in autoimmune rheumatic diseases treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (2020)
Journal Article
Mallen, C. D., Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Myles, P. R., Zhang, W., Doherty, M., …Abhishek, A. (2020). Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in autoimmune rheumatic diseases treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Rheumatology, 59(12), 3666–3675. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keaa078

Objectives The effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in people with autoimmune rheumatic disease (AIRDs) is not known. We investigated whether the influenza vaccine is effective in preventing respiratory morbidity, mortality and all-cause m... Read More about Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in autoimmune rheumatic diseases treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs.

Do β-adrenoreceptor blocking drugs associate with reduced risk of symptomatic osteoarthritis and total joint replacement in the general population?: A primary-care based prospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2019)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M., Valdes, A., Townsend, N., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., …Abhishek, A. (2019). Do β-adrenoreceptor blocking drugs associate with reduced risk of symptomatic osteoarthritis and total joint replacement in the general population?: A primary-care based prospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. BMJ Open, 9(8), Article e032050. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032050

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Introduction: To investigate if β-adrenoreceptor blocking drug (β-blocker) prescription reduces the risk of knee or hip osteoarthritis, total joint replacement and analgesic prescription. Setting: Primary care... Read More about Do β-adrenoreceptor blocking drugs associate with reduced risk of symptomatic osteoarthritis and total joint replacement in the general population?: A primary-care based prospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Association between inactivated influenza vaccine and primary care consultations for autoimmune rheumatic disease flares: a self-controlled case series study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2019)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Myles, P., Mallen, C. D., Zhang, W., Doherty, M., …Abhishek, A. (2019). Association between inactivated influenza vaccine and primary care consultations for autoimmune rheumatic disease flares: a self-controlled case series study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 78(8), 1122-1126. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215086

Objectives To examine the association between inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) administration and primary care consultation for joint pain, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) flare, corticosteroid prescription, vasculitis, and unexplained fever in people w... Read More about Association between inactivated influenza vaccine and primary care consultations for autoimmune rheumatic disease flares: a self-controlled case series study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Don't blame it on the sunshine, don't blame it on the moonlight, don't blame it on good times, blame it on the sociocultural factors (2019)
Journal Article
Jepsen, P., & Grainge, M. J. (2019). Don't blame it on the sunshine, don't blame it on the moonlight, don't blame it on good times, blame it on the sociocultural factors. Hepatology, 69(5), 1852-1854. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.30547

In this issue of Hepatology, Ventura‐Cots and colleagues present their study arguing that colder weather and fewer sunlight hours increase alcohol consumption and thus cause alcoholic cirrhosis (1). “Causality” is a key concept for this study. A rece... Read More about Don't blame it on the sunshine, don't blame it on the moonlight, don't blame it on good times, blame it on the sociocultural factors.

Temporal relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and comorbidities (2018)
Journal Article
Kuo, C. F., Chou, I.-J., Rees, F., Grainge, M. J., Lanyon, P., Davenport, G., …Doherty, M. (2019). Temporal relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and comorbidities. Rheumatology, 58(5), 840-848. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key335

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. Objective: To examine the burden of comorbidities prior to and after the diagnosis of SLE and its impact on mortality.... Read More about Temporal relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and comorbidities.

Cochrane reviews and dermatological trials outcome concordance: why Core Outcome Sets could make trial results more usable (2018)
Journal Article
Schmitt, J., Lange, T., Kottner, J., Prinsen, C. A. C., Weberschock, T., Hahnel, E., …Cochrane Skin Core Outcome Set Initiative (CS-COUSIN). (2019). Cochrane reviews and dermatological trials outcome concordance: why Core Outcome Sets could make trial results more usable. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 139(5), 1045-1053. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2018.11.019

Evidence-based healthcare requires that relevant outcomes for patients are included in clinical trials which investigating treatment effects allowing subsequent systematic reviews to summarize all relevant evidence to guide clinical practice. Current... Read More about Cochrane reviews and dermatological trials outcome concordance: why Core Outcome Sets could make trial results more usable.

Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults (2018)
Journal Article
Dinnes, J., Deeks, J. J., Grainge, M. J., Chuchu, N., Ferrante di Ruffano, L., Matin, R. N., …Williams, H. C. (2018). Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018(12), Article CD013194. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013194

Background: Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. History-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious... Read More about Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults.

Dermoscopy, with and without visual inspection, for the diagnosis of melanoma in adults (2018)
Journal Article
Dinnes, J., Deeks, J. J., Chuchu, N., Ferrante di Ruffano, L., Matin, R. N., Thomson, D. R., …Williams, H. C. (2018). Dermoscopy, with and without visual inspection, for the diagnosis of melanoma in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018(12), Article CD011902. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011902.pub2

Background: Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. Although history-taking and visual inspection of a su... Read More about Dermoscopy, with and without visual inspection, for the diagnosis of melanoma in adults.

Mortality in people with coeliac disease: long-term follow-up from a Scottish cohort (2018)
Journal Article
Quarpong, W., Card, T. R., West, J., Solaymani-Dodaran, M., Logan, R. F., & Grainge, M. J. (2019). Mortality in people with coeliac disease: long-term follow-up from a Scottish cohort. United European Gastroenterology Journal, 7(3), 377-387. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050640618814662

Background: Few studies have determined the very long-term mortality risks in adult and childhood-diagnosed coeliac disease. Objective: We quantified mortality risks in coeliac disease and determined whether age at diagnosis, or time following di... Read More about Mortality in people with coeliac disease: long-term follow-up from a Scottish cohort.

Familial aggregation and heritability of type 1 diabetes mellitus and coaggregation of chronic diseases in affected families (2018)
Journal Article
Kuo, C., Chou, I., Grainge, M., Luo, S., See, L., Yu, K., …Valdes, A. (2018). Familial aggregation and heritability of type 1 diabetes mellitus and coaggregation of chronic diseases in affected families. Clinical Epidemiology, 10, 1447-1455. https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S172207

Purpose: To estimate the extent of familial aggregation of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and coaggregation of related chronic diseases and assess the relative contribution of environmental and genetic factors on the risks. Patients and methods: This popula... Read More about Familial aggregation and heritability of type 1 diabetes mellitus and coaggregation of chronic diseases in affected families.

Novel insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis—a case–control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Pearce, F. A., Lanyon, P. C., Watts, R. A., Grainge, M. J., Abhishek, A., & Hubbard, R. B. (2018). Novel insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis—a case–control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Rheumatology, 57(10), 1873. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key249

This is a correction to: Rheumatology, Volume 57, Issue 6, June 2018, Pages 1002–1010, https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kex512

Correction to: The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Royle, J. G., Lanyon, P. C., Grainge, M. J., Abhishek, A., & Pearce, F. A. (2018). Correction to: The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Clinical Rheumatology, 37(9), 2601. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4219-7

© 2018, International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR). The above article originally published with an error present in the 2nd sentence in the 4th paragraph of the discussion section and is now presented correctly in this article. The... Read More about Correction to: The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Royle, J. G., Lanyon, P. C., Grainge, M. J., Abhishek, A., & Pearce, F. A. (2018). The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Clinical Rheumatology, 37(8), 2103-2111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4182-3

Abstract To estimate the incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the United Kingdom. We conducted a historical cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). We calculated the incidence and survival... Read More about The incidence, prevalence, and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

The incidence, prevalence and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Royle, J. G., Lanyon, P. C., Grainge, M. J., Abhishek, A., & Pearce, F. A. (2018). The incidence, prevalence and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Clinical Rheumatology, 37(8), 2103–2111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4182-3

Objective: To estimate the incidence, prevalence and survival of systemic sclerosis in the United Kingdom. Methods: We conducted a historical cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). We calculated the incidence an... Read More about The incidence, prevalence and survival of systemic sclerosis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates of patients treated for alcohol use disorders: a meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Abdul-Rahman, A.-K., Card, T. R., Grainge, M. J., & Fleming, K. M. (2018). All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates of patients treated for alcohol use disorders: a meta-analysis. Substance Abuse, 39(4), 509-517. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1475318

Background Although alcohol use disorders (AUD) are known to increase the relative risk of all-cause and some cause-specific mortalities, the absolute mortality rates of the AUD population are unknown. Such knowledge would benefit planners of the pr... Read More about All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates of patients treated for alcohol use disorders: a meta-analysis.

Predictors and temporal trend of flu vaccination in auto-immune rheumatic diseases in the UK: a nationwide prospective cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M. J., Myles, P. R., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., Doherty, M., …Abhishek, A. (2018). Predictors and temporal trend of flu vaccination in auto-immune rheumatic diseases in the UK: a nationwide prospective cohort study. Rheumatology, 57(10), 1726-1734. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key156

Objectives: To [1] examine temporal trend in uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine (SIV) in the UK, [2] explore disease and demographic factors associated with vaccination. Methods: 32,751 people with auto-immune rheumatic diseases (AIRDs) prescribed... Read More about Predictors and temporal trend of flu vaccination in auto-immune rheumatic diseases in the UK: a nationwide prospective cohort study.

Novel insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis—a case–control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Pearce, F. A., Lanyon, P. C., Watts, R. A., Grainge, M. J., Abhishek, A., & Hubbard, R. B. (2018). Novel insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis—a case–control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Rheumatology, 57(6), 1002-1010. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kex512

Objectives: We aimed to provide insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), by conducting a large case–control study using a general population-based, prospectively collected database of healthcare records. Methods: We... Read More about Novel insights into the aetiology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis—a case–control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Rheumatoid arthritis and excess mortality: down but not out: a primary care cohort study using data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2018)
Journal Article
Abhishek, A., Nakafero, G., Kuo, C.-F., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., Grainge, M. J., & Doherty, M. (2018). Rheumatoid arthritis and excess mortality: down but not out: a primary care cohort study using data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Rheumatology, 57(6), 977–981. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key013

Objectives: To examine temporal trends in all-cause and cause-specific mortality in RA. Methods: Data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) were used. Incident RA cases and four age, sex and general practice matched controls were id... Read More about Rheumatoid arthritis and excess mortality: down but not out: a primary care cohort study using data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Venous thromboembolism and mortality in breast cancer: cohort study with systematic review and meta-analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Khan, U. T., Walker, A. J., Baig, S., Card, T. R., Kirwan, C. C., & Grainge, M. J. (2017). Venous thromboembolism and mortality in breast cancer: cohort study with systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Cancer, 17(747), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3719-1

Background Breast cancer patients are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, current evidence as to whether VTE increases the risk of mortality in breast cancer patients is conflicting. We present data from a large cohort of... Read More about Venous thromboembolism and mortality in breast cancer: cohort study with systematic review and meta-analysis.

Can granulomatosis with polyangiitis be diagnosed earlier in primary care? A case–control study (2017)
Journal Article
Pearce, F. A., Hubbard, R. B., Grainge, M. J., Watts, R. A., Abhishek, A., & Lanyon, P. C. (2018). Can granulomatosis with polyangiitis be diagnosed earlier in primary care? A case–control study. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 111(1), 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcx194

© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Physicians. All rights reserved. Background: People with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) commonly described long delays before diagnosis. Aim: To study the... Read More about Can granulomatosis with polyangiitis be diagnosed earlier in primary care? A case–control study.

The prevalence of psychological comorbidity in people with vitiligo: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Osinubi, O., Grainge, M. J., Ahmed, A., Batchelor, J. M., Grindlay, D., Thompson, A., & Ratib, S. (2018). The prevalence of psychological comorbidity in people with vitiligo: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Dermatology, 178(4), 863-878. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.16049

Background: Vitiligo is a chronic disorder causing skin depigmentation with global prevalence varying from 0.2 to 1.8%. UK guidelines recommend assessment of psychological state during clinical evaluation of vitiligo. However, the prevalence of psych... Read More about The prevalence of psychological comorbidity in people with vitiligo: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom (2017)
Journal Article
Betts, G., Ratschen, E., Opazo-Breton, M., & Grainge, M. J. (2018). Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom. Journal of Public Health, 40(3), 540–548. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx123

Background: Recent guidelines from the United Kingdom recommend that men and women should drink no more than 14 units of alcohol per week. This recommendation takes into account the link between alcohol and several cancers; however, there is a dearth... Read More about Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom.

Drugs for discoid lupus erythematosus (2017)
Journal Article
Jessop, S., Whitelaw, D. A., Grainge, M. J., & Jayasekera, P. (in press). Drugs for discoid lupus erythematosus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 5, Article CD002954. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002954.pub3

BACKGROUND: Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus, which can cause scarring. Many drugs have been used to treat this disease and some (such as thalidomide, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine) are potentially toxic. Thi... Read More about Drugs for discoid lupus erythematosus.

Familial aggregation of rheumatoid arthritis and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population-based study (2017)
Journal Article
Kuo, C. F., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., See, L. C., Yu, K. H., Steven Shaw, S. W., …Doherty, M. (2017). Familial aggregation of rheumatoid arthritis and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population-based study. Rheumatology, 56(6), 928-933. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kew500

© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. Objective. The aim was to estimate familial relative risk (RR) for RA and other autoimmune diseases and the genetic contri... Read More about Familial aggregation of rheumatoid arthritis and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population-based study.

Recurrence risk of venous thromboembolism and hormone use in women from England: a cohort study using clinical practice research datalink (2017)
Journal Article
Kiconco, S., Abdul Sultan, A., & Grainge, M. J. (2017). Recurrence risk of venous thromboembolism and hormone use in women from England: a cohort study using clinical practice research datalink. British Journal of Haematology, 177(1), 127-135. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14516

It is vital to identify people with low recurrence risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) so as to protect them from dangers of prolonged anticoagulation therapy. Among women who develop VTE following hormone use, the evidence as to whether their risk... Read More about Recurrence risk of venous thromboembolism and hormone use in women from England: a cohort study using clinical practice research datalink.

The incidence, prevalence and mortality of granulomatosis with polyangiitis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2016)
Journal Article
Pearce, F. A., Grainge, M. J., Lanyon, P. C., Watts, R. A., & Hubbard, R. B. (in press). The incidence, prevalence and mortality of granulomatosis with polyangiitis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Rheumatology, https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kew413

Objectives: To estimate the incidence, prevalence and mortality of Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in the United Kingdom. Methods: We conducted a historical cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Hospital Epi... Read More about The incidence, prevalence and mortality of granulomatosis with polyangiitis in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Development and validation of risk prediction model for venous thromboembolism in postpartum women: multinational cohort study (2016)
Journal Article
Sultan, A. A., West, J., Grainge, M. J., Riley, R. D., Tata, L. J., Stephansson, O., …Ludvigsson, J. F. (2016). Development and validation of risk prediction model for venous thromboembolism in postpartum women: multinational cohort study. BMJ, 355(i6253), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i6253

Objective: To develop and validate a risk prediction model for venous thromboembolism in the first six weeks after delivery (early postpartum). Design: Cohort study. Setting: Records from England based Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)... Read More about Development and validation of risk prediction model for venous thromboembolism in postpartum women: multinational cohort study.

Familial aggregation and heritability of schizophrenia and co-aggregation of psychiatric illnesses in affected families (2016)
Journal Article
Chou, I.-J., Kuo, C.-F., Huang, Y.-S., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., See, L.-C., …Doherty, M. (in press). Familial aggregation and heritability of schizophrenia and co-aggregation of psychiatric illnesses in affected families. Schizophrenia Bulletin, https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbw159

Strong familial aggregation of schizophrenia has been reported but there is uncertainty concerning the degree of genetic contribution to the phenotypic variance of the disease. This study aimed to examine the familial aggregation and heritability of... Read More about Familial aggregation and heritability of schizophrenia and co-aggregation of psychiatric illnesses in affected families.

Risk of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised cancer patients in England – A cohort study (2016)
Journal Article
Ratib, S., Walker, A. J., Card, T. R., & Grainge, M. J. (2016). Risk of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised cancer patients in England – A cohort study. Journal of Hematology and Oncology, 9, Article 60. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13045-016-0291-0

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-recognised and life-threatening complication in patients with cancer. However, the precise risk of VTE in hospitalised cancer patients in England has not been previously reported. Methods: We condu... Read More about Risk of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised cancer patients in England – A cohort study.

Incidence of ANCA-associated vasculitis in a UK mixed ethnicity population (2016)
Journal Article
Pearce, F. A., Lanyon, P. C., Grainge, M. J., Shaunak, R., Mahr, A., Hubbard, R. B., & Watts, R. A. (in press). Incidence of ANCA-associated vasculitis in a UK mixed ethnicity population. Rheumatology, 55(9), https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kew232

Objectives: We aimed to estimate the incidence of ANCA-associated vasculitis in the UK and how this varied by ethnic group. Methods: We identified incident cases of ANCA-associated vasculitis between March 2007 and June 2013 in the Nottingham–Derby... Read More about Incidence of ANCA-associated vasculitis in a UK mixed ethnicity population.

Risk of venous thromboembolism in people with lung cancer: a cohort study using linked UK healthcare data (2016)
Journal Article
Walker, A. J., Baldwin, D. R., Card, T. R., Powell, H. A., Hubbard, R. B., & Grainge, M. J. (in press). Risk of venous thromboembolism in people with lung cancer: a cohort study using linked UK healthcare data. British Journal of Cancer, 115(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2016.143

Background: Venous thromboembolism is a potentially preventable cause of death in people with lung cancer. Identification of those most at risk and high risk periods may provide the opportunity for better targeted intervention. Methods: We conduc... Read More about Risk of venous thromboembolism in people with lung cancer: a cohort study using linked UK healthcare data.

Impact of gout on the risk of atrial fibrillation (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (2016). Impact of gout on the risk of atrial fibrillation. Rheumatology, 55(4), 721-728. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kev418

OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) at the time of first diagnosis of gout compared with matched controls and to follow incident gout patients and their matched controls after diagnosis to compare their subsequent risk of AF.... Read More about Impact of gout on the risk of atrial fibrillation.

Comorbidities in patients with gout prior to and following diagnosis: case-control study (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (2016). Comorbidities in patients with gout prior to and following diagnosis: case-control study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 75(1), https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-206410

OBJECTIVES: To determine the burden of comorbidities in patients with gout at diagnosis and the risk of developing new comorbidities post diagnosis. METHODS: There were 39 111 patients with incident gout and 39 111 matched controls identified fro... Read More about Comorbidities in patients with gout prior to and following diagnosis: case-control study.

Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., See, L.-C., Luo, S.-F., Yu, K.-H., …Doherty, M. (2015). Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families. JAMA Internal Medicine, 175(9), 1518-1526. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.3528

IMPORTANCE: Relatives of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) appear to be at higher risk of SLE and other autoimmune diseases, but estimates of individual familial risks are largely unavailable or unreliable. Furthermore, relative contri... Read More about Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families.

Effect of allopurinol on all-cause mortality in adults with incident gout: propensity score–matched landmark analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (2015). Effect of allopurinol on all-cause mortality in adults with incident gout: propensity score–matched landmark analysis. Rheumatology, 54(12), https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kev246

Objective: To examine the association between allopurinol use and all-cause mortality for patients with incident gout. Methods: We compared all-cause mortality in incident gout patients who received allopurinol for at least 6 months within the exp... Read More about Effect of allopurinol on all-cause mortality in adults with incident gout: propensity score–matched landmark analysis.

Familial risk of Sjögren's syndrome and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population study (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., See, L.-C., Luo, S.-F., Yu, K.-H., …Doherty, M. (2015). Familial risk of Sjögren's syndrome and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population study. Arthritis and Rheumatology, 67(7), 1904-1912. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.39127

Objective: To investigate familial aggregation of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and the relative risks (RRs) of other autoimmune disease in relatives of patients with SS. Methods: We identified 23,658,577 beneficiaries enrolled in the Taiwan National Hea... Read More about Familial risk of Sjögren's syndrome and co-aggregation of autoimmune diseases in affected families: a nationwide population study.

Epidemiology and management of gout in Taiwan: a nationwide population study (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., See, L.-C., Yu, K.-H., Luo, S.-F., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (in press). Epidemiology and management of gout in Taiwan: a nationwide population study. Arthritis Research and Therapy, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13075-015-0522-8

INTRODUCTION: Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis worldwide and is the only type of chronic arthritis that potentially can be ‘cured’. However, data on gout incidence, prevalence and management, assessed at multiple time points in the same... Read More about Epidemiology and management of gout in Taiwan: a nationwide population study.

Eligibility for and prescription of urate-lowering treatment in patients with incident gout in England (2014)
Journal Article
Kuo, C.-F., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (2014). Eligibility for and prescription of urate-lowering treatment in patients with incident gout in England. Journal of the American Medical Association, 312(24), https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.14484

Gout is caused by urate crystal deposition secondary to persistent hyperuricemia. Current guidelines recommend urate-lowering treatment to prevent crystal deposition and encourage crystal dissolution for patients with more severe gout or concomitant... Read More about Eligibility for and prescription of urate-lowering treatment in patients with incident gout in England.

Impact of risk factors on the timing of first postpartum venous thromboembolism: a population-based cohort study from England (2014)
Journal Article
Abdul Sultan, A., Grainge, M. J., West, J., Fleming, K. M., Nelson-Piercy, C., & Tata, L. J. (in press). Impact of risk factors on the timing of first postpartum venous thromboembolism: a population-based cohort study from England. Blood, 124(18), https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2014-05-572834

For women with preeclampsia, BMI >30 kg/m2, infection, or those having cesarean delivery, VTE risk remained elevated for 6 weeks postpartum.For women with postpartum hemorrhage or preterm birth, the relative rate of VTE was only increased for the fir... Read More about Impact of risk factors on the timing of first postpartum venous thromboembolism: a population-based cohort study from England.

Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism in people with colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort study from England (2014)
Journal Article
Walker, A., West, J., Card, T. R., Humes, D., & Grainge, M. J. (2014). Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism in people with colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort study from England. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 12(5), https://doi.org/10.1111/jth.12533

BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer are at high risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE), and recent international guidelines have advised extended prophylaxis for some of these patients following surgery or during chemotherapy. Howeve... Read More about Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism in people with colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort study from England.

Rising burden of gout in the UK but continuing suboptimal management: A nationwide population study (2014)
Journal Article
Kuo, C. F., Grainge, M. J., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., & Doherty, M. (2015). Rising burden of gout in the UK but continuing suboptimal management: A nationwide population study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 74(4), 661-667. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204463

Objectives: To describe trends in the epidemiology of gout and patterns of urate-lowering treatment (ULT) in the UK general population from 1997 to 2012. Methods: We used the Clinical Practice Research Datalink to estimate the prevalence and incidenc... Read More about Rising burden of gout in the UK but continuing suboptimal management: A nationwide population study.

Familial aggregation of gout and relative genetic and environmental contributions: a nationwide population study in Taiwan (2013)
Journal Article
Kuo, C., Grainge, M. J., See, L., Yu, K., Luo, S., Valdes, A. M., …Doherty, M. (2015). Familial aggregation of gout and relative genetic and environmental contributions: a nationwide population study in Taiwan. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 74(2), 369-374. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204067

© 2015, BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Objective: To examine familial aggregation of gout and to estimate the heritability and environmental contributions to gout susceptibility in the general population. Methods: Using data from the Nati... Read More about Familial aggregation of gout and relative genetic and environmental contributions: a nationwide population study in Taiwan.

Risk of first venous thromboembolism in pregnant women in hospital: population based cohort study from England (2013)
Journal Article
Sultan, A. A., West, J., Tata, L. J., Fleming, K. M., Nelson-Piercy, C., & Grainge, M. J. (2013). Risk of first venous thromboembolism in pregnant women in hospital: population based cohort study from England. BMJ, 347(7935), Article 11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6099

Objective: To examine the potential for preventing venous thromboembolism during and after antepartum hospital admissions in pregnant women. Design: Cohort study using linked primary (Clinical Practice Research Datalink) and secondary (Hospital E... Read More about Risk of first venous thromboembolism in pregnant women in hospital: population based cohort study from England.

REFINE (REducing Falls in In-patieNt Elderly) using bed and bedside chair pressure sensors linked to radio-pagers in acute hospital care: a randomised controlled trial (2013)
Journal Article
Sahota, O., Drummond, A., Kendrick, D., Grainge, M. J., Vass, C., Sach, T., …Avis, M. (2014). REFINE (REducing Falls in In-patieNt Elderly) using bed and bedside chair pressure sensors linked to radio-pagers in acute hospital care: a randomised controlled trial. Age and Ageing, 43(2), 247-253. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/aft155

Background: falls in hospitals are a major problem and contribute to substantial healthcare burden. Advances in sensor technology afford innovative approaches to reducing falls in acute hospital care. However, whether these are clinically effective a... Read More about REFINE (REducing Falls in In-patieNt Elderly) using bed and bedside chair pressure sensors linked to radio-pagers in acute hospital care: a randomised controlled trial.

The incidence of first venous thromboembolism in and around pregnancy using linked primary and secondary care data: a population based cohort study from England and comparative meta-analysis (2013)
Journal Article
Sultan, A. A., Tata, L. J., Grainge, M. J., & West, J. (2013). The incidence of first venous thromboembolism in and around pregnancy using linked primary and secondary care data: a population based cohort study from England and comparative meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 8(7), Article e70310. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070310

Background: Recent linkage between primary and secondary care data has provided valuable information for studying heath outcomes that may initially present in different health care settings. The aim of this study was therefore, twofold: to use linke... Read More about The incidence of first venous thromboembolism in and around pregnancy using linked primary and secondary care data: a population based cohort study from England and comparative meta-analysis.

Risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2012)
Journal Article
Horsted, F., West, J., & Grainge, M. J. (2012). Risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine, 9(7), Article e1001275. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001275

Background: People with cancer are known to be at increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and this risk is believed to vary according to cancer type, stage of disease, and treatment modality. Our purpose was to summarise the existing literatu... Read More about Risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.