Research Repository

See what's under the surface


The Multi-Stage Experience: the Simulated Work Task Approach to Studying Information Seeking Stages (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Huurdeman, H., Kamps, J., & Wilson, M. L. (2019). The Multi-Stage Experience: the Simulated Work Task Approach to Studying Information Seeking Stages

This experience paper shines more light on a simulated work task approach to studying information seeking stages. This explicit multistage approach was first utilized in Huurdeman, Wilson, and Kamps [14] to investigate the utility of search user inte... Read More

"Enslaved to the trapped data " : a cognitive work analysis of medical systematic reviews (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Knight, I. A., Wilson, M. L., Brailsford, D. F., & Milic-Frayling, N. (2019). "Enslaved to the trapped data " : a cognitive work analysis of medical systematic reviews. In Proceedings of 2019 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR), 203-212. doi:10.1145/3295750.3298937

Systematic reviews are a comprehensive and parameterised form of literature review, found in most disciplines, that involve exhaustive analyses and rigorous interpretation of prior literature. Performing systematic reviews, however, can involve repet... Read More

Search tactics used in solving everyday how-to technical tasks: repertoire, selection and tenacity (2019)
Journal Article
Rutter, S., Blinzler, V., Ye, C., Wilson, M. L., & Twidale, M. D. (2019). Search tactics used in solving everyday how-to technical tasks: repertoire, selection and tenacity. Information Processing and Management, 56(3), 919-938. doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2019.02.008

With greater access to computational resources, people use search to address many everyday challenges in their lives, including solving technology problems. Although there are now many useful ‘how-to’ resources online (especially videos on YouTube),... Read More

From director's cut to user's cut: to watch a brain-controlled film is to edit it (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Ramchurn, R., Martindale, S., Wilson, M. L., & Benford, S. (in press). From director's cut to user's cut: to watch a brain-controlled film is to edit it. doi:10.1145/3290605.3300378

Introducing interactivity to films has proven a longstanding and difficult challenge due to their narrative-driven, linear and theatre-based nature. Previous research has suggested that Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) may be a promising approach but... Read More

fNIRS and Neurocinematics (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Ramchurn, R., Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., Martindale, S., Benford, S., & Cai, M. (2018, October). fNIRS and Neurocinematics. Poster presented at fNIRS2018

When size Matters: towards evaluating perceivability of choropleths (2018)
Conference Proceeding
McNabb, L., Laramee, R. S., & Wilson, M. L. (2018). When size Matters: towards evaluating perceivability of choropleths. In G. Tam, & F. Vidal (Eds.), EG UK Computer Graphics & Visual Computingdoi:10.2312/cgvc.20181221

Choropleth maps are an invaluable visualization type for mapping geo-spatial data. One advantage to a choropleth map over other geospatial visualizations such as cartograms is the familiarity of a non-distorted landmass. However, this causes challeng... Read More

Mental workload as personal data: designing a cognitive activity tracker (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Sharon, N., Maior, H. A., Midha, S., Craven, M. P., & Sharples, S. (2018). Mental workload as personal data: designing a cognitive activity tracker. In CHI EA '18 Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems doi:10.1145/3170427.3170665

Research continues to correlate physical signals with mental activity, as opposed to physical activity, with physiological sensors. Further, with the proliferation of wearable technology, it seems imminent that our smart watches can soon keep track o... Read More

Brain activity and mental workload associated with artistic practice (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., Locke, C., & Swann, D. (2018). Brain activity and mental workload associated with artistic practice

We present the first stage of our on-going artist-driven BCI collaboration, where we equipped an artist with the brain scanning technique functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) in order to record mental workload levels during her creative prac... Read More

#Scanners 2 – The MOMENT: a new brain-controlled movie (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Ramchurn, R., Wilson, M. L., Martindale, S., & Benford, S. (2018). #Scanners 2 – The MOMENT: a new brain-controlled movie. In CHI EA '18: Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systemsdoi:10.1145/3170427.3186481

While many still consider interactive movies an unrealistic idea, current delivery platforms like Netflix, commercial VR, and the proliferation of wearable sensors mean that adaptive and responsive entertainment experiences are an immediate reality.... Read More

Workload alerts - using physiological measures of mental workload to provide feedback during tasks (2018)
Journal Article
Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., & Sharples, S. (in press). Workload alerts - using physiological measures of mental workload to provide feedback during tasks. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 25(2), doi:10.1145/3173380

Feedback is valuable for allowing us to improve on tasks. While retrospective feedback can help us improve for next time, feedback “in action” can allow us to improve the outcome of on-going tasks. In this paper, we use data from functional Near Infr... Read More

How stress affects functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurements of mental workload (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Alsuraykh, N. H., Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., Tennent, P., & Sharples, S. (2018). How stress affects functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurements of mental workload. In CHI EA '18 Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems doi:10.1145/3170427.3188646

Recent work has demonstrated that functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy has the potential to measure changes in Mental Workload with increasing ecological validity. It is not clear, however, whether these measurements are affected by anxiety and stre... Read More

Generating vague neighbourhoods through data mining of passive web data (2017)
Journal Article
Brindley, P., Goulding, J., & Wilson, M. L. (in press). Generating vague neighbourhoods through data mining of passive web data. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 32(3), doi:10.1080/13658816.2017.1400549

Neighbourhoods have been described as \the building blocks of public services society". Their subjective nature, however, and the resulting difficulties in collecting data, means that in many countries there are no officially defined neighbourhoods e... Read More

Complex search task: how to make a phone safe for a child (2017)
Journal Article
Rutter, S., Blinzler, V., Ye, C., Twidale, M. B., & Wilson, M. L. (2017). Complex search task: how to make a phone safe for a child. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 1798,

There are many factors in task design that might make it ‘complex’: having multiple components, having multiple cross-dependent components, tasks that involve comparison, evaluation, estimation, or learning. In this paper, we discuss a case study of... Read More

Measuring mental workload in IIR user studies with fNIRS (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Alsuraykh, N., & Maior, H. A. (2017). Measuring mental workload in IIR user studies with fNIRS

Gathering neuro-physiological data during user studies, and analysing the continuous data they produce, typically involves making a tradeoff between detail and practical utility. is paper describes our long-term work-in-progress towards developing... Read More

The Tetris model of resolving information needs within the information seeking process (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L. (2017). The Tetris model of resolving information needs within the information seeking process

Theoretical abstractions, of many different aspects of search, have played a crucial role in driving research into human information seeking and retrieval forward. From models of the Information Seeking Process, to how we perceive search systems, the... Read More

Search literacy: learning to search to learn (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Ye, C., Twidale, M. B., Grasse, H., Rosenthal, J., & McKittrick, M. (2016). Search literacy: learning to search to learn

People can often find themselves out of their depth when they face knowledge-based problems, such as faulty technology, or medical concerns. This can also happen in everyday domains that users are simply inexperienced with, like cooking. These are co... Read More

Active and passive utility of search interface features in different information seeking task stages (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Huurdeman, H. C., Wilson, M. L., & Kamps, J. (2016). Active and passive utility of search interface features in different information seeking task stages

Models of information seeking, including Kuhlthau’s information Search Process model, describe fundamentally different macro-level stages. Current search systems usually do not provide support for these stages, but provide a static set of features pr... Read More

#Scanners: exploring the control of adaptive films using brain-computer interaction (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Pike, M., Ramchurn, R., Benford, S., & Wilson, M. L. (2016). #Scanners: exploring the control of adaptive films using brain-computer interaction

This paper explores the design space of bio-responsive entertainment, in this case using a film that responds to the brain and blink data of users. A film was created with four parallel channels of footage, where blinking and levels of attention and... Read More