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Contesting control: journeys through surrender, self-awareness and looseness of control in embodied interaction

Benford, Steve; Ramchurn, Richard; Marshall, Joe; Wilson, Max L.; Pike, Matthew; Martindale, Sarah; Hazzard, Adrian; Greenhalgh, Chris; Kallionp��, Maria; Tennent, Paul; Walker, Brendan

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STEVE BENFORD steve.benford@nottingham.ac.uk
Dunford Chair in Computer Science

Richard Ramchurn

Matthew Pike

SARAH MARTINDALE Sarah.Martindale@nottingham.ac.uk
Assistant Professor of Digital Innovation in The Creative Industries

Maria Kallionp��

Brendan Walker



Abstract

As Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) engages with technologies that sense and actuate the body, there is a need to reconsider the human bodily experience. We present three case studies that each involve different forms of bodily experience: a breath-controlled amusement ride, a brain-controlled film, and an interactive musical duet with a physically actuated piano. We introduce a conceptual framework to describe how control becomes contested between human and computer in such experiences, using the three dimensions of: surrender of control, self-awareness of control, and looseness of control. We reveal how our experiences took users on journeys through control that traversed the space of these dimensions. We propose that our framework is not only relevant to playful cultural experiences, such as those charted in our case studies, but can also inform the design of embodied interaction more widely by emphasising the human experience of control when engaging with autonomous and bodily-focused systems, from future robots and vehicles to today’s gaze, speech and gestural interfaces.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 7, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 14, 2020
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date May 28, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 15, 2021
Journal Human–Computer Interaction
Print ISSN 0737-0024
Electronic ISSN 1532-7051
Publisher Taylor & Francis Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Issue 5-6
Pages 361-389
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/07370024.2020.1754214
Keywords Applied Psychology; Human-Computer Interaction
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/4523136
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07370024.2020.1754214

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