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Exploration of policy makers` views on the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in The Gambia: a qualitative study (2019)
Journal Article
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2019). Exploration of policy makers` views on the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in The Gambia: a qualitative study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, doi:10.1093/ntr/ntz003

Background: The World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international health treaty and has now been ratified by 181 countries. However, there are concerns that in many countries, particularly in Su... Read More

Quantifying tobacco and alcohol imagery in Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video original programming accessed from the UK: a content analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Smith, J., Hunter, A., Britton, J., & Murray, R. L. (in press). Quantifying tobacco and alcohol imagery in Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video original programming accessed from the UK: a content analysis. BMJ Open,

Objectives: Exposure to tobacco and alcohol content in audio-visual media is a risk factor for smoking and alcohol us in young people. Previous UK research has quantified tobacco and alcohol content in films and broadcast television but not that of v... Read More

Cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention to reduce children’s exposure to second-hand smoke in the home (2018)
Journal Article
Renwick, C., Wu, Q., Opazo Breton, M., Thorley, R., Britton, J., Lewis, S., …Parrot, S. (2018). Cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention to reduce children’s exposure to second-hand smoke in the home. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1252. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-6140-z

Background Second-hand smoke (SHS) causes numerous health problems in children such as asthma, respiratory tract infections and sudden infant death syndrome. The home is the main source of exposure to SHS for children, particularly for young child... Read More

Alcohol consumption and the risk of tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Simou, E., Britton, J., & Leonardi-Bee, J. (2018). Alcohol consumption and the risk of tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 22(11), 1277-1285. doi:10.5588/ijtld.18.0092

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between alcohol consumption and tuberculosis risk. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched for observational studies from 2005 to April 2018. Reference... Read More

A content analysis of alcohol content in UK television (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Whittamore, K., Britton, J., Murray, R. L., & Cranwell, J. (2018). A content analysis of alcohol content in UK television. Journal of Public Health, doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdy142

Background: Exposure to audio-visual alcohol content in media is associated with subsequent alcohol use in young people, but the extent of exposure contained in UK free-to-air prime-time television has not been explored since 2010. We report an analy... Read More

Comparison between online and offline price of tobacco products using novel datasets (2018)
Journal Article
Opazo Breton, M., Britton, J., Huang, Y., & Bogdanovica, I. (2018). Comparison between online and offline price of tobacco products using novel datasets. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10), doi:10.3390/ijerph15102282

Price of tobacco products has traditionally been relevant both for the industry, to respond to policy changes, and for governments, as an effective tobacco control measure. However, monitoring prices across a wide range of brands and brand variants r... Read More

Alcohol audio-visual content in Formula 1 television broadcasting (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Britton, J., Grant-Braham, B., & Murray, R. L. (2018). Alcohol audio-visual content in Formula 1 television broadcasting. BMC Public Health, 18, (1-6). doi:10.1186/s12889-018-6068-3. ISSN 1471-2458

Background - Exposure to audio-visual alcohol content in media is associated with subsequent alcohol use among young people. In 2016 Heineken launched its global Formula One (F1) partnership and had a significant brand presence at a number of 2017 F1... Read More

Alcohol and the risk of pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Simou, E., Britton, J., & Leonardi-Bee, J. (2018). Alcohol and the risk of pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 8(8), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022344. ISSN 2044-6055

Objective: A systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the magnitude of the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults was undertaken. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis Metho... Read More

A content analysis of tobacco content in UK television (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, A., Whittamore, K. H., Britton, J., & Cranwell, J. (2018). A content analysis of tobacco content in UK television. Tobacco Control, doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054427. ISSN 0964-4563

Aims: Exposure to audio-visual tobacco content in media is a risk factor for smoking in young people. Whilst tobacco content in films has been extensively documented, content in mainstream television has received relatively little attention. We repor... Read More

Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to tobacco smoking among students in the Gambia (2018)
Journal Article
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2018). Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to tobacco smoking among students in the Gambia. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, doi:10.1093/ntr/nty128. ISSN 1462-2203

Introduction: Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death, and kills about 7 million people annually. As smoking prevalence is falling in developed countries, tobacco businesses are turning to low and middle-income countries (LMICs) to generate... Read More

Cigarette brand diversity and price changes during the implementation of plain packaging in the United Kingdom (2018)
Journal Article
Breton, M. O., Britton, J., Huang, Y., & Bogdanovica, I. (2018). Cigarette brand diversity and price changes during the implementation of plain packaging in the United Kingdom. Addiction, 113(10), (1883-1894). doi:10.1111/add.14282. ISSN 0965-2140

Background and aim: Plain packaging of cigarettes appeared in the UK in July 2016 and was ubiquitous by May 2017. The change coincided with another legislative change, raising the minimum pack size from 10 to 20 cigarettes. Laws imposing plain packag... Read More

Carlsberg alibi marketing in the UEFA Euro 2016 football finals: implications of Probably inappropriate alcohol advertising (2018)
Journal Article
Murray, R. L., Opazo-Breton, M., Britton, J., Cranwell, J., & Grant-Braham, B. (2018). Carlsberg alibi marketing in the UEFA Euro 2016 football finals: implications of Probably inappropriate alcohol advertising. BMC Public Health, 18(553), doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5449-y. ISSN 1471-2458

Background: Alcohol advertising is a key driver of alcohol consumption, and is prohibited in France by the Loi Evin. In 2016 the Danish brewer Carlsberg sponsored the UEFA Euro 2016 finals, held in France, and used the alibis ‘Probably’ and ‘…the bes... Read More

Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do? (2018)
Journal Article
Pattinson, J., Lewis, S., Bains, M., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2018). Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do?. BMC Public Health, 18, doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5467-9. ISSN 1471-2458

Background: ‘Vape shops’ are a popular source for buying electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and related products. The products that vape shops sell, their marketing techniques and the extent to which they provide information or encouragement to smo... Read More

Prevalence and factors associated with exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) among young people: a cross-sectional study from The Gambia (2018)
Journal Article
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2018). Prevalence and factors associated with exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) among young people: a cross-sectional study from The Gambia. BMJ Open, 8(3), 1-8. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019524

Background: Annually 600,000 deaths are attributed to exposure of non-smokers to second-hand smoke (SHS). These include 165,000 among children, about 60% of which occur in Africa and South-East Asia. In 2011 only four countries in the African region... Read More

Population exposure to smoking and tobacco branding in the UK reality show ‘Love Island’ (2018)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Opazo-Breton, M., Cranwell, J., Britton, J., & Murray, R. L. (2018). Population exposure to smoking and tobacco branding in the UK reality show ‘Love Island’. Tobacco Control, 27(6), 709-711. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-054125

Background: Reality television shows are popular with children and young adults; inclusion of tobacco imagery in these programmes is likely to cause smoking in these groups. Series 3 of the UK reality show Love Island, broadcast in 2017, attracted wi... Read More

Alcohol content in the 'Hyper-Reality' MTV show 'Geordie Shore' (2018)
Journal Article
Lowe, E., Britton, J., & Cranwell, J. (2018). Alcohol content in the 'Hyper-Reality' MTV show 'Geordie Shore'. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 53(3), doi:10.1093/alcalc/agx116. ISSN 0735-0414

Aim: To quantify the occurrence of alcohol content, including alcohol branding, in the popular primetime television UK Reality TV show 'Geordie Shore' Series 11. Methods: A 1-min interval coding content analysis of alcohol content in the entire D... Read More

Alcohol and the risk of sleep apnoea: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Simou, E., Britton, J., & Leonardi-Bee, J. (in press). Alcohol and the risk of sleep apnoea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine, 42, doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2017.12.005. ISSN 1389-9457

Objective: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between alcohol consumption and risk of sleep apnoea in adults. Methods: We searched Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science databases from 1985 to 2015 for comparative epidemiologic... Read More

Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use among young people in the Gambia (2017)
Journal Article
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2017). Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use among young people in the Gambia. BMJ Global Health, 2(4), doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000482. ISSN 2059-7908

Introduction: Tobacco consumption, and consequent morbidity and mortality, are expected to grow most markedly over coming decades in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Preventing tobacco experimentation and uptake among young people in LMICs is... Read More