Prevalence and risk factors for wheeze, decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 s and bronchoconstriction in young children living in Havana, Cuba: a population-based cohort study
ANDREW FOGARTY firstname.lastname@example.org
Clinical Associate Professor & Reader in Clinical Epidemiology
Objectives: Asthma has not been extensively studied in low-income and middle-income countries, where risk factors and access to treatment may differ from more affluent countries. We aimed to identify the prevalence of asthma and local risk factors in Havana, Cuba.
Setting: Four municipalities in Havana, Cuba.
Participants: A population-based cohort study design of young children living in Havana, Cuba. Children were recruited from primary care centres at age 12–15 months.
Primary and secondary outcome measures: Data on wheeze in the past 12 months, asthma treatment and environmental exposures collected regularly until the age of 6 years, when forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and reversibility to aerosolised salbutamol were also measured.
Results: 1106 children provided data at the age of 6 years old. The prevalence of wheeze in the previous 12 months was 422 (38%), and 294 (33%) of the study population had bronchodilatation of 12% or more in FEV1 after administration of inhaled salbutamol. In the previous 12 months, 182 (16%) of the children had received inhaled corticosteroids, 416 (38%) salbutamol inhalers and 283 (26%) a course of systemic steroids.
Wheeze in the first year and a family history of asthma were both positively associated with bronchodilatation to inhaled salbutamol (1.94%; 95% CI 0.81 to 3.08 and 1.85%; CI 0.14 to 3.57, respectively), while paracetamol use in the first year was associated with wheeze at 6 years (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.35). There were large differences in FEV1, bronchodilatation and risk of wheeze across different geographical areas.
Conclusions: Asthma is common in young children living in Havana, and the high prevalence of systemic steroids administrated is likely to reflect the underuse of regular inhaled corticosteroids. If replicated in other comparable low-income and middle-income countries, this represents an important global public health issue.
Suárez-Medina, R., Venero-Fernández, S., Alvarez-Valdés, V., Sardiñas-Baez, N., Cristina, C., Loinaz-Gonzalez, M., …Fogarty, A. W. (2020). Prevalence and risk factors for wheeze, decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 s and bronchoconstriction in young children living in Havana, Cuba: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 10(4), Article e034192. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034192
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Mar 6, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 22, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Apr 29, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 29, 2020|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|