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A comprehensive review on 2D and 3D models of vertical ground heat exchangers

Cui, Yuanlong; Zhu, Jie; Twaha, Ssennoga; Riffat, Saffa

Authors

Yuanlong Cui

Ssennoga Twaha

SAFFA RIFFAT saffa.riffat@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Sustainable Energy Systems



Abstract

The ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) have been extensively applied to commercial and residential buildings owing to their high-energy efficiencies and low running costs. The key component of the GSHP is a ground heat exchanger (GHE). The state-of-the-art two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) heat transfer models for borehole heat exchanger (BHE) and energy pile (EP) systems are reviewed in this paper. The physical procedures of heat transfer and the derivation of energy conservation within different channels of BHE (e.g., U-, W-, helical-shaped or coaxial-shaped) are summarized, in addition to the primary merits and demerits of each model. The main influencing factors on 2D and 3D model solutions including axial heat transfer, friction heat, spacing shack, thermal resistance, thermal short-circuiting between the inlet-pipe and outlet-pipe, are analysed and compared. Furthermore, various applications of these 2D and 3D models are elaborated. Finally, the recommendations, standpoints and potential future research on BHE heat transfer model are highlighted. It is believed that the work presented will contribute to the record of information and experiences necessary to develop BHEs for GSHP systems.

Citation

Cui, Y., Zhu, J., Twaha, S., & Riffat, S. (2018). A comprehensive review on 2D and 3D models of vertical ground heat exchangers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.063

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 28, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 7, 2018
Publication Date Oct 31, 2018
Deposit Date May 29, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 8, 2019
Journal Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
Electronic ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 94
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.063
Keywords 2D and 3D models, BHEs, EPs, Analytical and numerical approaches, Borehole thermal resistances
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52084
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032118304088
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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