Eithne Heffernan firstname.lastname@example.org
Development of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) through consultation with adults with hearing loss, researchers, and clinicians: a content evaluation study
Heffernan, Eithne; Coulson, Neil S.; Ferguson, Melanie
Neil S. Coulson email@example.com
Melanie Ferguson firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective - This research aimed to evaluate the content of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) in terms of its relevance, clarity, comprehensiveness, acceptability to adults with hearing loss, and responsiveness.
Design - Cognitive interviews and a subject matter expert survey were conducted. The interview data were analysed using thematic analysis and a taxonomy of questionnaire clarity problems. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the survey data.
Study sample - Fourteen adults with hearing loss participated in the cognitive interviews. Twenty clinicians and academics completed the subject matter expert survey.
Results - The majority of the SPaRQ content was found to be relevant, clear, comprehensive, and acceptable. However, an important clarity problem was identified: many adults with hearing loss struggled to switch from answering positively-worded items (e.g. ‘I can attend social gatherings’) to answering negatively-worded items (e.g. ‘I feel isolated’). Several subject matter experts found responsiveness difficult to assess. The SPaRQ was amended where necessary.
Conclusions - Few hearing-specific questionnaires have undergone content evaluation. This study highlights the value of content evaluation as a means of identifying important flaws and improving the quality of a measure. The next stage of this research is a psychometric evaluation of the measure.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Journal||International Journal of Audiology|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Heffernan, E., Coulson, N. S., & Ferguson, M. (in press). Development of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) through consultation with adults with hearing loss, researchers, and clinicians: a content evaluation study. International Journal of Audiology, doi:10.1080/14992027.2018.1483585|
|Keywords||Hearing loss; Audiology; Outcome measurement; Questionnaire; Qualitative research; Cognitive interviews; Social participation; Participation restrictions|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf|
|Additional Information||This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Audiology on 02/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline....0/14992027.2018.1483585|
Development of a Participation Restrictions Questionnaire - Preprint.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf