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Development of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) through consultation with adults with hearing loss, researchers, and clinicians: a content evaluation study

Heffernan, Eithne; Coulson, Neil S.; Ferguson, Melanie

Authors

Eithne Heffernan eithne.heffernan1@nottingham.ac.uk

Neil S. Coulson neil.coulson@nottingham.ac.uk

Melanie Ferguson mszmaf@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Objective - This research aimed to evaluate the content of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) in terms of its relevance, clarity, comprehensiveness, acceptability to adults with hearing loss, and responsiveness.

Design - Cognitive interviews and a subject matter expert survey were conducted. The interview data were analysed using thematic analysis and a taxonomy of questionnaire clarity problems. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the survey data.

Study sample - Fourteen adults with hearing loss participated in the cognitive interviews. Twenty clinicians and academics completed the subject matter expert survey.

Results - The majority of the SPaRQ content was found to be relevant, clear, comprehensive, and acceptable. However, an important clarity problem was identified: many adults with hearing loss struggled to switch from answering positively-worded items (e.g. ‘I can attend social gatherings’) to answering negatively-worded items (e.g. ‘I feel isolated’). Several subject matter experts found responsiveness difficult to assess. The SPaRQ was amended where necessary.

Conclusions - Few hearing-specific questionnaires have undergone content evaluation. This study highlights the value of content evaluation as a means of identifying important flaws and improving the quality of a measure. The next stage of this research is a psychometric evaluation of the measure.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal International Journal of Audiology
Print ISSN 1499-2027
Electronic ISSN 1708-8186
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Heffernan, E., Coulson, N. S., & Ferguson, M. (in press). Development of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ) through consultation with adults with hearing loss, researchers, and clinicians: a content evaluation study. International Journal of Audiology, doi:10.1080/14992027.2018.1483585
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2018.1483585
Keywords Hearing loss; Audiology; Outcome measurement; Questionnaire; Qualitative research; Cognitive interviews; Social participation; Participation restrictions
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14992027.2018.1483585
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Audiology on 02/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline....0/14992027.2018.1483585

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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