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Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom

Betts, Georgina; Ratschen, Elena; Opazo-Breton, Magdalena; Grainge, Matthew J.

Authors

Georgina Betts

Elena Ratschen

Magdalena Opazo-Breton magdalena.opazo@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Background: Recent guidelines from the United Kingdom recommend that men and women should drink no more than 14 units of alcohol per week. This recommendation takes into account the link between alcohol and several cancers; however, there is a dearth of high quality evidence from the UK to support this.

Methods: Alcohol consumption using a detailed diary was obtained from 8,670 adults representative of the UK population in 1984/5, with follow-up data from cancer registries until 2009. Hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for several variables including cigarette smoking were calculated for cancers of the breast, lung, colorectum and prostate separately using Cox regression.

Results: Units per week on a typical basis, fitted as a linear term, was associated with breast cancer in women (HR=1.27 per 10 units/week; 95% CI 1.03-1.58) and lung cancer in men (HR=1.16; 1.06-1.27). Increased risks of lung (HR=2.23; 1.18-4.24) and colorectal (HR = 2.28; 1.13-4.57) cancer were seen in men at 15-28 units/week along with higher levels of consumption. Some findings differed by alcohol type.

Conclusions: Overall, alcohol consumption of 15-28 units/week may be harmful in men with respect to common cancers. A linear association between alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer was observed in women.

Citation

Betts, G., Ratschen, E., Opazo-Breton, M., & Grainge, M. J. (2018). Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom. Journal of Public Health, 40(3), 540–548. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdx123

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 19, 2017
Online Publication Date Sep 11, 2017
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Deposit Date Sep 1, 2017
Publicly Available Date Sep 12, 2018
Journal Journal of Public Health
Print ISSN 1741-3842
Electronic ISSN 1741-3850
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue 3
Pages 540–548
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx123
Keywords alcohol consumption, cancer, epidemiology
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/45336
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/jpubhealth/article/doi/10.1093/pubmed/fdx123/4110324/Alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-common-cancers
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record Georgina Betts, Elena Ratschen, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Matthew J. Grainge; Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the UK, Journal of Public Health is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/jpubhealth/article/doi/10.1093/pubmed/fdx123/4110324/Alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-common-cancers.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf


JPH-17-0168.R1 - Supplementary material for web only publication.pdf (253 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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