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Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): bluetongue

More, Simon; Bicout, Dominique; Bøtner, Anette; Butterworth, Andrew; Depner, Klaus; Edwards, Sandra; Garin-Bastuji, Bruno; Good, Margaret; Gortázar Schmidt, Christian; Michel, Virginie; Angel Miranda, Miguel; Nielsen, Søren Saxmose; Raj, Mohan; Sihvonen, Liisa; Spoolder, Hans; Arend Stegeman, Jan; Thulke, Hans-Hermann; Velarde, Antonio; Willeberg, Preben; Winckler, Christoph; Mertens, Peter P.C.; Savini, G.; Zientara, Stephan; Broglia, Alessandro; Baldinelli, Francesca; Gogin, Andrey; Kohnle, Lisa; Calistri, Paolo

Authors

Simon More

Dominique Bicout

Anette Bøtner

Andrew Butterworth

Klaus Depner

Sandra Edwards

Bruno Garin-Bastuji

Margaret Good

Christian Gortázar Schmidt

Virginie Michel

Miguel Angel Miranda

Søren Saxmose Nielsen

Mohan Raj

Liisa Sihvonen

Hans Spoolder

Jan Arend Stegeman

Hans-Hermann Thulke

Antonio Velarde

Preben Willeberg

Christoph Winckler

Peter P.C. Mertens

G. Savini

Stephan Zientara

Alessandro Broglia

Francesca Baldinelli

Andrey Gogin

Lisa Kohnle

Paolo Calistri



Abstract

A specific concept of strain was developed in order to classify the BTV serotypes ever reported in Europe based on their properties of animal health impact: the genotype, morbidity, mortality, speed of spread, period and geographical area of occurrence were considered as classification parameters. According to this methodology the strain groups identified were (i) the BTV strains belonging to serotypes BTV-1–24, (ii) some strains of serotypes BTV-16 and (iii) small ruminant-adapted strains belonging to serotypes BTV-25, -27, -30. Those strain groups were assessed according to the criteria of the Animal Health Law (AHL), in particular criteria of Article 7, Article 5 on the eligibility of bluetongue to be listed, Article 9 for the categorisation according to disease prevention and control rules as in Annex IV and Article 8 on the list of animal species related to bluetongue. The assessment has been performed following a methodology composed of information collection, expert judgement at individual and collective level. The output is composed of the categorical answer, and for the questions where no consensus was reached, the different supporting views are reported. The strain group BTV (1–24) can be considered eligible to be listed for Union intervention as laid down in Article 5(3) of the AHL, while the strain group BTV-25–30 and BTV-16 cannot. The strain group BTV-1–24 meets the criteria as in Sections 2 and 5 of Annex IV of the AHL, for the application of the disease prevention and control rules referred to in points (b) and (e) of Article 9(1) of the AHL. The animal species that can be considered to be listed for BTV-1–24 according to Article 8(3) are several species of Bovidae, Cervidae and Camelidae as susceptible species; domestic cattle, sheep and red deer as reservoir hosts, midges insect of genus Culicoides spp. as vector species.

Citation

More, S., Bicout, D., Bøtner, A., Butterworth, A., Depner, K., Edwards, S., …Calistri, P. (in press). Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): bluetongue. EFSA Journal, 15(8), https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4957

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 30, 2017
Online Publication Date Aug 4, 2017
Deposit Date Sep 14, 2017
Publicly Available Date Sep 14, 2017
Journal EFSA Journal
Electronic ISSN 1831-4732
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 8
DOI https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4957
Keywords bluetongue, strain, serotypes, impact, Animal Health Law, Listing, categorisation
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/46313
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4957/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0





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