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Hyperlipidaemia alone and in combination with acidosis can increase the incidence and severity of statin-induced myotoxicity

Taha, Dhiaa A.; Zgair, Atheer; Lee, Jong Bong; de Moor, Cornelia H.; Barrett, David A.; Bruce, Kimberley D.; Sungelo, Mitchell; Eckel, Robert H.; Gershkovich, Pavel

Authors

Dhiaa A. Taha

Atheer Zgair

Jong Bong Lee

Cornelia H. de Moor

David A. Barrett

Kimberley D. Bruce

Mitchell Sungelo

Robert H. Eckel

Pavel Gershkovich



Abstract

The association of lipophilic statins with plasma lipoproteins in the presence of disturbed acid-base balance can modify the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of these drugs, resulting in alteration in their efficacy and toxicity profiles. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the role of hyperlipidaemia alone or in combination with acidosis/alkalosis in the development and potentiation of statin-induced myotoxicity. Statins association with plasma lipoproteins was examined under conditions of physiological and altered pH levels. The effect of this association on cellular uptake and myotoxicity of statins was also assessed at different pH levels using C2C12 cells that overexpress lipoprotein lipase. Lipophilic simvastatin displayed considerable association with the non-polar lipoprotein fractions (triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and Low-density lipoprotein). This association contributed to increased cellular uptake of simvastatin by C2C12 cells through lipoprotein lipasemediated process, resulting in enhanced muscle toxicity in hyperlipidaemic conditions. Furthermore, a combination of low pH environment (representing acidosis) and hyperlipidaemia increased the association of simvastatin with plasma lipoproteins causing potentiation of cellular uptake and myotoxicity of this drug. Comorbidities such as hyperlipidaemia, especially when coincident with acidosis, can enhance statin-associated muscle toxicity, and therefore require extra caution by prescribing clinicians. Hydrophilic rather than lipophilic statins could be a preferable choice in this patient population.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 30, 2017
Journal European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Print ISSN 0928-0987
Electronic ISSN 1879-0720
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 100
Pages 163-175
APA6 Citation Taha, D. A., Zgair, A., Lee, J. B., de Moor, C. H., Barrett, D. A., Bruce, K. D., …Gershkovich, P. (2017). Hyperlipidaemia alone and in combination with acidosis can increase the incidence and severity of statin-induced myotoxicity. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 100, 163-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2017.01.018
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2017.01.018
Keywords Acidosis, Chylomicrons, Hyperlipidemia, Lipoproteins, Myotoxicity, Statins
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928098717300301
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Hyperlipidaemia alone and in combination with acidosis can increase the incidence and severity of statin-induced myotoxicity; Journal Title: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2017.01.018; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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