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Recovery practice in community mental health teams: national survey

Leamy, Mary; Clarke, E.; Le Boutillier, Clair; Bird, Victoria; Choudhury, R.; Macpherson, Rob; Pesola, Francesca; Sabas, K.; Williams, Julie; Williams, P.; Slade, Mike

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Mary Leamy

E. Clarke

Clair Le Boutillier

Victoria Bird

R. Choudhury

Rob Macpherson

Francesca Pesola

K. Sabas

Julie Williams

P. Williams

Professor of Mental Health Recovery and Social Inclusion


There is consensus about the importance of ‘recovery’ in mental health services, but the link between recovery orientation of mental health teams and personal recovery of individuals has been underresearched.
To investigate differences in team leader, clinician and service user perspectives of recovery orientation of community adult mental health teams in England.
In six English mental health National Health Service (NHS) trusts, randomly chosen community adult mental health teams were surveyed. A random sample of ten patients, one team leader and a convenience sample of five clinicians were surveyed from each team. All respondents rated the recovery orientation of their team using parallel versions of the Recovery Self Assessment (RSA). In addition, service users also rated their own personal recovery using the Questionnaire about Processes of Recovery (QPR).
Team leaders (n = 22) rated recovery orientation higher than clinicians (n = 109) or patients (n = 120) (Wald(2) = 7.0, P = 0.03), and both NHS trust and team type influenced RSA ratings. Patient-rated recovery orientation was a predictor of personal recovery (b = 0.58, 95% CI 0.31–0.85, P50.001). Team leaders and clinicians with experience of mental illness (39%) or supporting a family member or friend with mental illness (76%) did not differ in their RSA ratings from other team leaders or clinicians.
Compared with team leaders, frontline clinicians and service users have less positive views on recovery orientation. Increasing recovery orientation may support personal recovery.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 9, 2016
Online Publication Date Jun 23, 2016
Publication Date Oct 1, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 10, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jun 23, 2016
Journal British Journal of Psychiatry
Print ISSN 0007-1250
Electronic ISSN 1472-1465
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 209
Issue 4
Public URL
Publisher URL


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