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An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries

Gallagher, Michael; Beard, Maria; Clifford, M.J.; Watson, M.C.

Authors

Michael Gallagher

M.C. Watson



Abstract

To mitigate the impact of: excess pollution, deforestation and injuries attributable to cookstoves in low-middle income countries, humanitarian and private sector organisations have made a commitment to distribute 100 million improved cookstoves (ICS) by 2020. In order to evaluate the safety of these ICS for the end users, a ten test ‘Biomass Stove Safety Protocol’ (BSSP) has been developed by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). However, there is no published evidence that this protocol has been independently assessed or benchmarked. This study aimed to determine whether the BSSP is fit for purpose such that, it will produce repeatable safety ratings for a range of cookstoves when performed by different testers. Results indicated that the scores for each stove varied considerably between each of the six testers with only one of five ICS receiving the same overall safety rating. While individually some tests produced relatively coherent scores, others led to large discrepancies. We conclude that although BSSP is an important starting point in highlighting the need for stove safety assessment, there are some aspects of the protocol that require further development to ensure that it can be reliably replicated by different testers.

Citation

Gallagher, M., Beard, M., Clifford, M., & Watson, M. (2016). An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries. Energy for Sustainable Development, 33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2016.03.008

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 29, 2016
Online Publication Date May 7, 2016
Publication Date Aug 1, 2016
Deposit Date Mar 31, 2016
Publicly Available Date May 7, 2016
Journal Energy for Sustainable Development
Print ISSN 0973-0826
Electronic ISSN 0973-0826
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2016.03.008
Keywords Improved cookstoves, Safety, Burns, Sub-Saharan Africa
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/32567
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0973082615301459
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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