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Biased allosteric modulation at the CaS receptor engendered by structurally diverse calcimimetics

Cook, A.E.; Mistry, Shailesh N.; Gregory, K.J.; Furness, S.G.B.; Sexton, Patrick M.; Scammells, Peter J.; Conigrave, A.D.; Christopoulos, Arthur; Leach, K.

Authors

A.E. Cook

K.J. Gregory

S.G.B. Furness

Patrick M. Sexton

Peter J. Scammells

A.D. Conigrave

Arthur Christopoulos

K. Leach



Abstract

Background and Purpose
Clinical use of cinacalcet in hyperparathyroidism is complicated by its tendency to induce hypocalcaemia, arising partly from activation of calcium-sensing receptors (CaS receptors) in the thyroid and stimulation of calcitonin release. CaS receptor allosteric modulators that selectively bias signalling towards pathways that mediate desired effects [e.g. parathyroid hormone (PTH) suppression] rather than those mediating undesirable effects (e.g. elevated serum calcitonin), may offer better therapies.
Experimental Approach
We characterized the ligand-biased profile of novel calcimimetics in HEK293 cells stably expressing human CaS receptors, by monitoring intracellular calcium (Ca2+i) mobilization, inositol phosphate (IP)1 accumulation, ERK1/2 phosphorylation (pERK1/2) and receptor expression.
Key Results
Phenylalkylamine calcimimetics were biased towards allosteric modulation of Ca2+i mobilization and IP1 accumulation. S,R-calcimimetic B was biased only towards IP1 accumulation. R,R-calcimimetic B and AC-265347 were biased towards IP1 accumulation and pERK1/2. Nor-calcimimetic B was unbiased. In contrast to phenylalkylamines and calcimimetic B analogues, AC-265347 did not promote trafficking of a loss-of-expression, naturally occurring, CaS receptor mutation (G670E).
Conclusions and Implications
The ability of R,R-calcimimetic B and AC-265347 to bias signalling towards pERK1/2 and IP1 accumulation may explain their suppression of PTH levels in vivo at concentrations that have no effect on serum calcitonin levels. The demonstration that AC-265347 promotes CaS receptor receptor signalling, but not trafficking reveals a novel profile of ligand-biased modulation at CaS receptors The identification of allosteric modulators that bias CaS receptor signalling towards distinct intracellular pathways provides an opportunity to develop desirable biased signalling profiles in vivo for mediating selective physiological responses.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal British Journal of Pharmacology
Print ISSN 0007-1188
Electronic ISSN 1476-5381
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 172
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Cook, A., Mistry, S. N., Gregory, K., Furness, S., Sexton, P. M., Scammells, P. J., …Leach, K. (in press). Biased allosteric modulation at the CaS receptor engendered by structurally diverse calcimimetics. British Journal of Pharmacology, 172(1), https://doi.org/10.1111/bph.12937
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/bph.12937
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.12937/abstract;jsessionid=6E257D2BD5C6735E5727B3B6A0D68257.f01t03
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:
Cook, A. E., Mistry, S. N., Gregory, K. J., Furness, S. G. B., Sexton, P. M., Scammells, P. J., Conigrave, A. D., Christopoulos, A. and Leach, K. (2015), Biased allosteric modulation at the CaS receptor engendered by structurally diverse calcimimetics. British Journal of Pharmacology, 172: 185–200,which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.12937. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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