Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Feasibility of a Novel ECG Electrode Placement Method in Newborn Infants

Henry, Caroline; Shipley, Lara; Morgan, Stephen; Crowe, John A.; Carpenter, James; Hayes-Gill, Barrie; Sharkey, Don


Caroline Henry

Lara Shipley

Stephen Morgan

John A. Crowe

James Carpenter

Professor of Electronic Systems and Medical Devices

Profile Image

Professor of Neonatal Medicine and Technologies


Background: International newborn resuscitation guidelines recommend electrocardiogram (ECG) heart rate (HR) monitoring at birth. We evaluated the application time of pre-set ECG electrodes fixed to a polyethene patch allowing adhesive-free attachment to the wet skin of the newborn chest. Objectives: Using a three-electrode pre-set ECG patch configuration, application success was calculated using video analysis and measured at three time points, the time to (1) apply electrodes; (2) detect recognizable QRS complexes after application; and (3) display a HR after application. Method: A prospective observational study in two UK tertiary maternity units was undertaken with 71 newborns including 23 who required resuscitation. Results: The median (IQR) time for ECG patch application was 8 (6-10) seconds, detection of recognizable QRS complexes 8 (2-12) seconds, and time to output HR was 23 (15-37) seconds. Conclusion: Pre-set ECG chest electrodes allow rapid HR information at birth without electrode detachment or compromising skin integrity.


Henry, C., Shipley, L., Morgan, S., Crowe, J. A., Carpenter, J., Hayes-Gill, B., & Sharkey, D. (2022). Feasibility of a Novel ECG Electrode Placement Method in Newborn Infants. Neonatology, 119(2), 264-267.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 23, 2021
Online Publication Date Feb 7, 2022
Publication Date Mar 1, 2022
Deposit Date Dec 23, 2021
Publicly Available Date Feb 8, 2023
Journal Neonatology
Print ISSN 1661-7800
Electronic ISSN 1661-7819
Publisher Karger Publishers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 119
Issue 2
Pages 264-267
Keywords Developmental Biology; Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations