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National prospective cohort study of the burden of acute small bowel obstruction

Lee, M. J.; Sayers, A. E.; Drake, T. M.; Marriott, P. J.; Anderson, I. D.; Bach, S. P.; Bradburn, M.; Hind, D.; Verjee, A.; Fearnhead, N. S.; on behalf of NASBO steering group and NASBO collaborators; Lund, J.N.

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Authors

M. J. Lee

A. E. Sayers

T. M. Drake

P. J. Marriott

I. D. Anderson

S. P. Bach

M. Bradburn

D. Hind

A. Verjee

N. S. Fearnhead

on behalf of NASBO steering group and NASBO collaborators

JONATHAN LUND JON.LUND@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Clinical Associate Professor



Abstract

Background

Small bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency, and is associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality across the world. The literature provides little information on the conservatively managed group. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of small bowel obstruction in the UK.

Methods

This prospective cohort study was conducted in 131 acute hospitals in the UK between January and April 2017, delivered by trainee research collaboratives. Adult patients with a diagnosis of mechanical small bowel obstruction were included. The primary outcome was in‐hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included complications, unplanned intensive care admission and readmission within 30 days of discharge. Practice measures, including use of radiological investigations, water soluble contrast, operative and nutritional interventions, were collected.

Results

Of 2341 patients identified, 693 (29·6 per cent) underwent immediate surgery (within 24 h of admission), 500 (21·4 per cent) had delayed surgery after initial conservative management, and 1148 (49·0 per cent) were managed non‐operatively. The mortality rate was 6·6 per cent (6·4 per cent for non‐operative management, 6·8 per cent for immediate surgery, 6·8 per cent for delayed surgery; P = 0·911). The major complication rate was 14·4 per cent overall, affecting 19·0 per cent in the immediate surgery, 23·6 per cent in the delayed surgery and 7·7 per cent in the non‐operative management groups (P < 0·001). Cox regression found hernia or malignant aetiology and malnutrition to be associated with higher rates of death. Malignant aetiology, operative intervention, acute kidney injury and malnutrition were associated with increased risk of major complication.

Conclusion

Small bowel obstruction represents a significant healthcare burden. Patient‐level factors such as timing of surgery, acute kidney injury and nutritional status are factors that might be modified to improve outcomes.

Citation

Lee, M. J., Sayers, A. E., Drake, T. M., Marriott, P. J., Anderson, I. D., Bach, S. P., …Lund, J. (2019). National prospective cohort study of the burden of acute small bowel obstruction. BJS Open, 3(3), 354-366. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.50136

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 27, 2018
Online Publication Date Feb 22, 2019
Publication Date Jun 1, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 10, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jun 13, 2019
Journal BJS Open
Electronic ISSN 2474-9842
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 3
Pages 354-366
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.50136
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1601068
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/bjs5.50136
Additional Information Members of the NASBO steering group and NASBO collaborators are co-authors of this study and are listed in Appendices S1andS2(supporting information)
Contract Date Jun 13, 2019

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