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Rydberg superatoms: An artificial quantum system for quantum information processing and quantum optics (2024)
Journal Article

Dense atom ensembles with Rydberg excitations display intriguing collective effects mediated by their strong, long-range dipole-dipole interactions. These collective effects, often modeled using Rydberg superatoms, have gained significant attention a... Read More about Rydberg superatoms: An artificial quantum system for quantum information processing and quantum optics.

Real-imaginary spectrum decomposition of the transparency spectra in microwave dressed Rydberg systems (2024)
Journal Article

To distinguish the contributions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Autler-Townes splitting (ATS) in their applications in precision laser spectroscopy, we propose a real-imaginary spectrum decomposition method to investigate the t... Read More about Real-imaginary spectrum decomposition of the transparency spectra in microwave dressed Rydberg systems.

Benchmarking discrete truncated Wigner approximation and neural network quantum states with the exact dynamics in a Rydberg atomic chain (2024)
Journal Article

We benchmark the discrete truncated Wigner approximation (DTWA) and Neural quantum states (NQS) based on restricted Boltzmann-like machines with the exact excitation and correlation dynamics in a chain of ten Rydberg atoms. The initial state is where... Read More about Benchmarking discrete truncated Wigner approximation and neural network quantum states with the exact dynamics in a Rydberg atomic chain.

Rydberg-ion flywheel for quantum work storage (2023)
Journal Article
Martins, W. S., Carollo, F., Li, W., Brandner, K., & Lesanovsky, I. (2023). Rydberg-ion flywheel for quantum work storage. Physical Review A, 108(5), Article L050201. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.108.L050201

Trapped ions provide a platform for quantum technologies that offers long coherence times and high degrees of scalability and controllability. Here, we use this platform to develop a realistic model of a thermal device consisting of two laser-driven,... Read More about Rydberg-ion flywheel for quantum work storage.

Accelerating relaxation through Liouvillian exceptional point (2023)
Journal Article
Zhou, Y., Yu, X., Wu, C., Li, X., Zhang, J., Li, W., & Chen, P. (2023). Accelerating relaxation through Liouvillian exceptional point. Physical Review Research, 5(4), Article 043036. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.5.043036

We investigate speeding up of relaxation of Markovian open quantum systems with the Liouvillian exceptional point (LEP), where the slowest decay mode degenerate with a faster decay mode. The degeneracy significantly increases the gap of the Liouvilli... Read More about Accelerating relaxation through Liouvillian exceptional point.

Thermal-dephasing-tolerant generation of mesoscopic superposition states with Rydberg dressed blockade (2023)
Journal Article
Zheng, R.-H., Su, S.-L., Song, J., Li, W., & Xia, Y. (2023). Thermal-dephasing-tolerant generation of mesoscopic superposition states with Rydberg dressed blockade. Physical Review A, 108(4), Article 042405. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.108.042405

Multipartite entangled states involving nonlocality are one of the most fascinating characteristics of quantum mechanics. In this work we propose a thermal-dephasing-tolerant generation of mesoscopic entangled states with Rydberg dressed atoms. We en... Read More about Thermal-dephasing-tolerant generation of mesoscopic superposition states with Rydberg dressed blockade.

Quantum sensing of microwave electric fields based on Rydberg atoms (2023)
Journal Article
Yuan, J., Yang, W., Jing, M., Zhang, H., Jiao, Y., Li, W., …Jia, S. (2023). Quantum sensing of microwave electric fields based on Rydberg atoms. Reports on Progress in Physics, 86(10), https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/acf22f

Microwave electric field (MW E-field) sensing is important for a wide range of applications in the areas of remote sensing, radar astronomy and communications. Over the past decade, Rydberg atoms have been used in ultrasensitive, wide broadband, trac... Read More about Quantum sensing of microwave electric fields based on Rydberg atoms.

High-Fidelity Interconversion between Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W States through Floquet-Lindblad Engineering in Rydberg Atom Arrays (2023)
Journal Article
Shao, X. Q., Liu, F., Xue, X. W., Mu, W. L., & Li, W. (2023). High-Fidelity Interconversion between Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W States through Floquet-Lindblad Engineering in Rydberg Atom Arrays. Physical Review Applied, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.20.014014

Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states feature genuine tripartite entanglement that cannot be converted into each other by local operations and classical communication. Here, we present a dissipative protocol for deterministic interconversion betwe... Read More about High-Fidelity Interconversion between Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W States through Floquet-Lindblad Engineering in Rydberg Atom Arrays.

Controllable bistability and squeezing of confined polariton dark solitons (2023)
Journal Article
Wang, G., Hou, K., Liu, Y., Bi, H., Li, W., & Xue, Y. (2023). Controllable bistability and squeezing of confined polariton dark solitons. Optics Express, 31(14), 22722-22732. https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.493274

The generation of squeezed light in semiconductor materials opens opportunities for building on-chip devices that are operated at the quantum level. Here we study theoretically a squeezed light source of polariton dark solitons confined in a geometri... Read More about Controllable bistability and squeezing of confined polariton dark solitons.

Signatures of Quantum Chaos of Rydberg-Dressed Bosons in a Triple-Well Potential (2023)
Journal Article
Yan, T., Collins, M., Nath, R., & Li, W. (2023). Signatures of Quantum Chaos of Rydberg-Dressed Bosons in a Triple-Well Potential. Atoms, 11(6), Article 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms11060089

We studied signatures of quantum chaos in dynamics of Rydberg-dressed bosonic atoms held in a one-dimensional triple-well potential. Long-range nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor interactions, induced by laser dressing atoms to strongly inter... Read More about Signatures of Quantum Chaos of Rydberg-Dressed Bosons in a Triple-Well Potential.

High-Sensitivity Rydberg-Atom-Based Phase-Modulation Receiver for Frequency-Division-Multiplexing Communication (2023)
Journal Article
Cai, Y., Shi, S., Zhou, Y., Li, Y., Yu, J., Li, W., & Li, L. (2023). High-Sensitivity Rydberg-Atom-Based Phase-Modulation Receiver for Frequency-Division-Multiplexing Communication. Physical Review Applied, 19(4), Article 044079. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.19.044079

Due to the exaggerated properties of highly excited atomic states, a Rydberg-atom-based microwave receiver holds the promise to achieve superior performances in microwave metrology and communication when compared to conventional antennas. However, de... Read More about High-Sensitivity Rydberg-Atom-Based Phase-Modulation Receiver for Frequency-Division-Multiplexing Communication.

Maximally entangled Rydberg-atom pairs via Landau-Zener sweeps (2023)
Journal Article
Varghese, D., Wüster, S., Li, W., & Nath, R. (2023). Maximally entangled Rydberg-atom pairs via Landau-Zener sweeps. Physical Review A, 107(4), Article 043311. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.107.043311

We analyze the formation of maximally entangled Rydberg atom pairs subjected to Landau-Zener sweeps of the atom-light detuning. Though the populations reach a steady value at longer times, the phases evolve continuously, leading to periodic oscillati... Read More about Maximally entangled Rydberg-atom pairs via Landau-Zener sweeps.

Casimir-Polder interactions of S-state Rydberg atoms with graphene (2023)
Journal Article
Wongcharoenbhorn, K., Koller, C., Fromhold, T. M., & Li, W. (2023). Casimir-Polder interactions of S-state Rydberg atoms with graphene. Physical Review A, 107(4), Article 043308. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.107.043308

We investigate the thermal Casimir-Polder (CP) potential of 87Rb atoms in Rydberg nS-states near single- and double-layer graphene, and briefly look into the lifetimes near graphene-hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) multilayered structures. The dependenc... Read More about Casimir-Polder interactions of S-state Rydberg atoms with graphene.

Rabi- and Blockade-Error-Resilient All-Geometric Rydberg Quantum Gates (2023)
Journal Article
Su, S. L., Sun, L. N., Liu, B. J., Yan, L. L., Yung, M. H., Li, W., & Feng, M. (2023). Rabi- and Blockade-Error-Resilient All-Geometric Rydberg Quantum Gates. Physical Review Applied, 19(4), Article 044007. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.19.044007

We propose a nontrivial two-qubit gate scheme in which Rydberg atoms are subject to designed pulses resulting from geometric evolution processes. By utilizing hybrid robust nonadiabatic and adiabatic geometric operations on the control atom and targe... Read More about Rabi- and Blockade-Error-Resilient All-Geometric Rydberg Quantum Gates.

Accessing and manipulating dispersive shock waves in a nonlinear and nonlocal Rydberg medium (2023)
Journal Article
Hang, C., Bai, Z., Li, W., Kamchatnov, A. M., & Huang, G. (2023). Accessing and manipulating dispersive shock waves in a nonlinear and nonlocal Rydberg medium. Physical Review A, 107(3), Article 033503. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.107.033503

Dispersive shock waves (DSWs) are fascinating wave phenomena occurring in media when nonlinearity overwhelms dispersion (or diffraction). Creating DSWs with low generation power and realizing their active controls is desirable but remains a longstand... Read More about Accessing and manipulating dispersive shock waves in a nonlinear and nonlocal Rydberg medium.

Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80í µí°· 5/2 -Rydberg Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (2023)
Journal Article
Jiao, Y., Hao, L., Bai, J., Fan, J., Bai, Z., Li, W., …Jia, S. (2023). Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80í µí°· 5/2 -Rydberg Electromagnetically Induced Transparency. Optics Express, 31(5), 7545-7553. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.479448

We study Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) of a cascade three-level atom involving 80í µí°· 5/2 state in a strong interaction regime employing a cesium ultracold cloud. In our experiment, a strong coupling laser couples 6í µí±ƒ 3... Read More about Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80í µí°· 5/2 -Rydberg Electromagnetically Induced Transparency.

Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80D5/2-Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency (2023)
Journal Article
Jiao, Y., Hao, L., Bai, J., Fan, J., Bai, Z., Li, W., …Jia, S. (2023). Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80D5/2-Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency. Optics Express, 31(5), 7545-7553. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.479448

We study Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) of a cascade three-level atom involving 80D5/2 state in a strong interaction regime employing a cesium ultracold cloud. In our experiment, a strong coupling laser couples 6P3/2 to 80D5/2... Read More about Dephasing of ultracold cesium 80D5/2-Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency.

Facilitation-Induced Transparency and Single-Photon Switch with Dual-Channel Rydberg Interactions (2023)
Journal Article
Ding, Y., Bai, Z., Huang, G., & Li, W. (2023). Facilitation-Induced Transparency and Single-Photon Switch with Dual-Channel Rydberg Interactions. Physical Review Applied, 19(1), Article 014017. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.19.014017

We investigate facilitation-induced transparency (FIT) enabled by strong and long-range Rydberg atom interactions between two spatially separated optical channels. In this setting, the resonant two-photon excitation of Rydberg states in a target chan... Read More about Facilitation-Induced Transparency and Single-Photon Switch with Dual-Channel Rydberg Interactions.

Superradiance-induced multistability in one-dimensional driven Rydberg lattice gases (2022)
Journal Article
He, Y., Bai, Z., Jiao, Y., Zhao, J., & Li, W. (2022). Superradiance-induced multistability in one-dimensional driven Rydberg lattice gases. Physical Review A, 106(6), Article 063319. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.106.063319

We study steady-state phases of a one-dimensional array of Rydberg atoms coupled by a microwave (MW) field where the higher-energy Rydberg state decays to the lower-energy one via single-body and collective (superradiant) decay. Using mean-field appr... Read More about Superradiance-induced multistability in one-dimensional driven Rydberg lattice gases.

A multi-band atomic candle with microwave-dressed Rydberg atoms (2022)
Journal Article
Cai, Y., Shi, S., Zhou, Y., Yu, J., Tian, Y., Li, Y., …Shi, S. (2023). A multi-band atomic candle with microwave-dressed Rydberg atoms. Frontiers of Physics, 18(1), Article 12302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11467-022-1218-6

Stabilizing important physical quantities to atom-based standards lies at the heart of modern atomic, molecular and optical physics, and is widely applied to the field of precision metrology. Of particular importance is the atom-based microwave field... Read More about A multi-band atomic candle with microwave-dressed Rydberg atoms.

Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6Li in the quantum degenerate regime (2022)
Journal Article
Naniyil, V., Zhou, Y., Simmonds, G., Cooper, N., Li, W., & Hackermüller, L. (2022). Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6Li in the quantum degenerate regime. New Journal of Physics, 24(11), Article 113005. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ac9b81

The association process of Feshbach molecules is well described by a Landau-Zener (LZ) transition above the Fermi temperature, such that two-body physics dominates the dynamics. However, using 6Li atoms and the associated Feshbach resonance at B r =... Read More about Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6Li in the quantum degenerate regime.

Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6 Li in the quantum degenerate regime (2022)
Journal Article
Naniyil, V., Zhou, Y., Simmonds, G., Cooper, N., Li, W., & Hackermüller, L. (2022). Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6 Li in the quantum degenerate regime. New Journal of Physics, 24, Article 113005. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ac9b81

The association process of Feshbach molecules is well described by a Landau-Zener transition above the Fermi temperature, such that two-body physics dominates the dynamics. However, using 6 Li atoms and the associated Feshbach resonance at B r = 834.... Read More about Observation of collectivity enhanced magnetoassociation of 6 Li in the quantum degenerate regime.

Single Temporal-Pulse-Modulated Parameterized Controlled-Phase Gate for Rydberg Atoms (2022)
Journal Article
Li, X. .., Shao, X. Q., & Li, W. (2022). Single Temporal-Pulse-Modulated Parameterized Controlled-Phase Gate for Rydberg Atoms. Physical Review Applied, 18(4), Article 044042. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.18.044042

We propose an adiabatic protocol for implementing a controlled-phase gate CZθ with continuous θ of neutral atoms through a symmetrical two-photon excitation process via the second resonance line, 6P in 87Rb, with a single-temporal-modulation-coupling... Read More about Single Temporal-Pulse-Modulated Parameterized Controlled-Phase Gate for Rydberg Atoms.

Integer and Fractional Floquet Resonances in a Driven Three-Well System (2022)
Journal Article
Li, L., Wang, B., & Li, W. (2022). Integer and Fractional Floquet Resonances in a Driven Three-Well System. Photonics, 9(10), Article 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics9100738

We investigate Floquet dynamics of a particle held in a three-well system driven by a two-frequency field and identify integer and fractional photon resonances due to the dual-frequency driving. It is found that pairs of photon-assisted tunneling nea... Read More about Integer and Fractional Floquet Resonances in a Driven Three-Well System.

Dephasing effect of Rydberg states on trap loss spectroscopy of cold atoms (2022)
Journal Article
Cao, Y., Yang, W., Zhang, H., Jing, M., Li, W., Zhang, L., …Jia, S. (2022). Dephasing effect of Rydberg states on trap loss spectroscopy of cold atoms. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 39(8), 2032-2036. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.459064

In this paper, we investigate the asymmetry of trap loss spectra of ultracold atoms during the excitation of Rydberg states. It is shown that the profile of a trap loss spectrum is affected by the density of Rydberg atoms as well as the dephasing rat... Read More about Dephasing effect of Rydberg states on trap loss spectroscopy of cold atoms.

Fast spin squeezing by distance-selective long-range interactions with Rydberg molecule dressing (2022)
Journal Article
Wu, H., Lin, X. Y., Ding, Z. X., Zheng, S. B., Lesanovsky, I., & Li, W. (2022). Fast spin squeezing by distance-selective long-range interactions with Rydberg molecule dressing. Science China Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, 65(8), Article 280311. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-022-1910-0

We propose a Rydberg molecule dressing scheme to create strong and long-ranged interactions at selective distances. This is achieved through laser coupling ground-state atoms off-resonantly to an attractive molecular curve of two interacting Rydberg... Read More about Fast spin squeezing by distance-selective long-range interactions with Rydberg molecule dressing.

Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption of strontium triplet states in a weak microwave field (2022)
Journal Article
Zhou, Y., Yan, D., & Li, W. (2022). Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption of strontium triplet states in a weak microwave field. Physical Review A, 105(5), Article 053714. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.105.053714

We study theoretically laser excitation of Rydberg triplet states of strontium atoms in the presence of weak microwave (MW) fields. Starting from the ground state 5s21S0, the Rydberg excitation is realized through the metastable, triplet 5s5p3P1 stat... Read More about Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption of strontium triplet states in a weak microwave field.

Coherent ground-state transport of neutral atoms (2022)
Journal Article
Li, X. X., You, J. B., Shao, X. Q., & Li, W. (2022). Coherent ground-state transport of neutral atoms. Physical Review A, 105(3), Article 032417. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.105.032417

Quantum state transport is an important way to study the energy or information flow. By combining the unconventional Rydberg pumping mechanism and the diagonal form of van der Waals interactions, we construct a theoretical model via second-order pert... Read More about Coherent ground-state transport of neutral atoms.

BCS-BEC crossover of ultracold ions driven by density-dependent short-range interactions in a quantum plasma (2021)
Journal Article
Zhang, Y., Wang, Y., Jiang, W., & Li, W. (2021). BCS-BEC crossover of ultracold ions driven by density-dependent short-range interactions in a quantum plasma. Physical Review A, 104(6), Article 063312. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.104.063312

We study theoretically a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) to Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) crossover of two-species ions in a three-dimensional quantum plasma at zero temperature. Central to this crossover is an effective short-ranged, attractive int... Read More about BCS-BEC crossover of ultracold ions driven by density-dependent short-range interactions in a quantum plasma.

Systematic-Error-Tolerant Multiqubit Holonomic Entangling Gates (2021)
Journal Article
Wu, J.-L., Wang, Y., Han, J.-X., Jiang, Y., Song, J., Xia, Y., …Li, W. (2021). Systematic-Error-Tolerant Multiqubit Holonomic Entangling Gates. Physical Review Applied, 16(6), Article 064031. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.16.064031

Quantum holonomic gates hold built-in resilience to local noises and provide a promising approach for implementing fault-tolerant quantum computation. We propose to realize high-fidelity holonomic (N + 1)-qubit controlled gates using Rydberg atoms co... Read More about Systematic-Error-Tolerant Multiqubit Holonomic Entangling Gates.

Multipolar Fermi-surface deformation in a Rydberg-dressed Fermi gas with long-range anisotropic interactions (2021)
Journal Article
Zhou, Y., Nath, R., Wu, H., Lesanovsky, I., & Li, W. (2021). Multipolar Fermi-surface deformation in a Rydberg-dressed Fermi gas with long-range anisotropic interactions. Physical Review A, 104(6), Article L061302. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.104.l061302

We study theoretically the deformation of the Fermi surface (FS) of a three-dimensional gas of Rydberg-dressed 6Li atoms. The laser dressing to high-lying Rydberg D states results in angle-dependent soft-core-shaped interactions whose anisotropy is d... Read More about Multipolar Fermi-surface deformation in a Rydberg-dressed Fermi gas with long-range anisotropic interactions.

Hyperchaos in a bose-hubbard chain with rydberg-dressed interactions (2021)
Journal Article
McCormack, G., Nath, R., & Li, W. (2021). Hyperchaos in a bose-hubbard chain with rydberg-dressed interactions. Photonics, 8(12), Article 554. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics8120554

We study the chaos and hyperchaos of Rydberg-dressed Bose–Einstein condensates (BECs) in a one-dimensional optical lattice. Due to the long-range, soft-core interaction between the dressed atoms, the dynamics of the BECs are described by the extended... Read More about Hyperchaos in a bose-hubbard chain with rydberg-dressed interactions.

Dipole-dipole-interaction-driven antiblockade of two Rydberg atoms (2021)
Journal Article
Su, S. L., & Li, W. (2021). Dipole-dipole-interaction-driven antiblockade of two Rydberg atoms. Physical Review A, 104(3), Article 033716. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.104.033716

Resonant laser excitation of multiple Rydberg atoms are prohibited, leading to Rydberg blockade, when the long-range van der Waals interactions are stronger than the laser-atom coupling. Rydberg blockade can be violated, i.e., simultaneous excitation... Read More about Dipole-dipole-interaction-driven antiblockade of two Rydberg atoms.

Observation of blackbody radiation enhanced superradiance in ultracold Rydberg gases (2021)
Journal Article
Hao, L., Bai, Z., Bai, J., Bai, S., Jiao, Y., Huang, G., …Jia, S. (2021). Observation of blackbody radiation enhanced superradiance in ultracold Rydberg gases. New Journal of Physics, 23(8), Article 083017. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ac136c

An ensemble of excited atoms can synchronize emission of light collectively in a process known as superradiance when its characteristic size is smaller than the wavelength of emitted photons. The underlying superradiance depends strongly on electroma... Read More about Observation of blackbody radiation enhanced superradiance in ultracold Rydberg gases.

Adiabatic sensing technique for optimal temperature estimation using trapped ions (2021)
Journal Article
Kirkova, A. V., Li, W., & Ivanov, P. A. (2021). Adiabatic sensing technique for optimal temperature estimation using trapped ions. Physical Review Research, 3, Article 013244. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevresearch.3.013244

We propose an adiabatic method for optimal phonon temperature estimation using trapped ions which can be operated beyond the Lamb-Dicke regime. The quantum sensing technique relies on a time-dependent red-sideband transition of phonon modes, describe... Read More about Adiabatic sensing technique for optimal temperature estimation using trapped ions.

Population trapping in a pair of periodically driven Rydberg atoms (2021)
Journal Article
Mallavarapu, S. K., Niranjan, A., Li, W., Wüster, S., & Nath, R. (2021). Population trapping in a pair of periodically driven Rydberg atoms. Physical Review A, 103(2), Article 023335. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.103.023335

We study the population trapping extensively in a periodically driven Rydberg pair. The periodic modulation of the atom-light detuning effectively suppresses the Rabi couplings and, together with Rydberg-Rydberg interactions, leads to the state-depen... Read More about Population trapping in a pair of periodically driven Rydberg atoms.

Emergence and control of complex behaviors in driven systems of interacting qubits with dissipation (2021)
Journal Article
Andreev, A. V., Balanov, A. G., Fromhold, T. M., Greenaway, M. T., Hramov, A. E., Li, W., …Zagoskin, A. M. (2021). Emergence and control of complex behaviors in driven systems of interacting qubits with dissipation. npj Quantum Information, 7(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41534-020-00339-1

Progress in the creation of large scale, artificial quantum coherent structures demands the investigation of their nonequilibrium dynamics when strong interactions, even between remote parts, are non-perturbative. Analysis of multiparticle quantum co... Read More about Emergence and control of complex behaviors in driven systems of interacting qubits with dissipation.

Self-Induced Transparency in Warm and Strongly Interacting Rydberg Gases (2020)
Journal Article
Bai, Z., Adams, C. S., Huang, G., & Li, W. (2020). Self-Induced Transparency in Warm and Strongly Interacting Rydberg Gases. Physical Review Letters, 125(26), Article 263605. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.263605

We study dispersive optical nonlinearities of short pulses propagating in high number density, warm atomic vapors where the laser resonantly excites atoms to Rydberg P states via a single-photon transition. Three different regimes of the light-atom i... Read More about Self-Induced Transparency in Warm and Strongly Interacting Rydberg Gases.

Nonlinear dynamics of Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensates in a triple-well potential (2020)
Journal Article
McCormack, G., Nath, R., & Li, W. (2020). Nonlinear dynamics of Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensates in a triple-well potential. Physical Review A, 102(6), Article 063329. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.102.063329

We study nonlinear dynamics of Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) trapped in a triple-well potential in the semiclassical limit. The Rydberg-dressed BECs experience a long-range soft-core interaction, giving rise to strong nearest- and... Read More about Nonlinear dynamics of Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensates in a triple-well potential.

Optimized geometric quantum computation with a mesoscopic ensemble of Rydberg atoms (2020)
Journal Article
Guo, C., Yan, L., Zhang, S., Su, S., & Li, W. (2020). Optimized geometric quantum computation with a mesoscopic ensemble of Rydberg atoms. Physical Review A, 102(4), Article 042607. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.102.042607

We propose a nonadiabatic non-Abelian geometric quantum operation scheme to realize universal quantum computation with mesoscopic Rydberg atoms. A single control atom entangles a mesoscopic ensemble of target atoms through long-range interactions bet... Read More about Optimized geometric quantum computation with a mesoscopic ensemble of Rydberg atoms.

Long-Range Multibody Interactions and Three-Body Antiblockade in a Trapped Rydberg Ion Chain (2020)
Journal Article
Gambetta, F. M., Zhang, C., Hennrich, M., Lesanovsky, I., & Li, W. (2020). Long-Range Multibody Interactions and Three-Body Antiblockade in a Trapped Rydberg Ion Chain. Physical Review Letters, 125(13), https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.125.133602

Trapped Rydberg ions represent a flexible platform for quantum simulation and information processing which combines a high degree of control over electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. The possibility to individually excite ions to high-lying... Read More about Long-Range Multibody Interactions and Three-Body Antiblockade in a Trapped Rydberg Ion Chain.

Dynamical excitation of maxon and roton modes in a Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensate (2020)
Journal Article
McCormack, G., Nath, R., & Li, W. (2020). Dynamical excitation of maxon and roton modes in a Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensate. Physical Review A, 102(2), Article 023319. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.102.023319

We investigate the dynamics of a three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate of ultracold atomic gases with a soft-core shape long-range interaction, which is induced by laser dressing the atoms to a highly excited Rydberg state. For a homogeneous con... Read More about Dynamical excitation of maxon and roton modes in a Rydberg-dressed Bose-Einstein condensate.

Structural phase transitions of optical patterns in atomic gases with microwave-controlled Rydberg interactions (2020)
Journal Article
Shi, Z., Li, W., & Huang, G. (2020). Structural phase transitions of optical patterns in atomic gases with microwave-controlled Rydberg interactions. Physical Review A, 102(2), Article 023519. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.102.023519

Spontaneous symmetry breaking and formation of self-organized structures in nonlinear systems are intriguing and important phenomena in nature. Advancing such research to new nonlinear optical regimes is of much interest for both fundamental physics... Read More about Structural phase transitions of optical patterns in atomic gases with microwave-controlled Rydberg interactions.

Landau-Zener transitions and adiabatic impulse approximation in an array of two Rydberg atoms with time-dependent detuning (2020)
Journal Article
Niranjan, A., Li, W., & Nath, R. (2020). Landau-Zener transitions and adiabatic impulse approximation in an array of two Rydberg atoms with time-dependent detuning. Physical Review A, 101(6), https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.101.063415

We study the Landau-Zener (LZ) dynamics in a setup of two Rydberg atoms with time-dependent detuning, both linear and periodic, using both the exact numerical calculations as well as the method of adiabatic impulse approximation (AIA). By varying the... Read More about Landau-Zener transitions and adiabatic impulse approximation in an array of two Rydberg atoms with time-dependent detuning.

Submicrosecond entangling gate between trapped ions via Rydberg interaction (2020)
Journal Article
Zhang, C., Pokorny, F., Hennrich, M., Li, W., Lesanovsky, I., Higgins, G., & Pöschl, A. (2020). Submicrosecond entangling gate between trapped ions via Rydberg interaction. Nature, 580(7803), 345-349. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2152-9

© 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. Generating quantum entanglement in large systems on timescales much shorter than the coherence time is key to powerful quantum simulation and computation. Trapped ions are amo... Read More about Submicrosecond entangling gate between trapped ions via Rydberg interaction.

Many-Body Chiral Edge Currents and Sliding Phases of Atomic Spin Waves in Momentum-Space Lattice (2020)
Journal Article
Li, Y., Cai, H., Wang, D.-W., Li, L., Yuan, J., & Li, W. (2020). Many-Body Chiral Edge Currents and Sliding Phases of Atomic Spin Waves in Momentum-Space Lattice. Physical Review Letters, 124(14), Article 140401. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.124.140401

Collective excitations (spinwaves) of long-lived atomic hyperfine states can be synthesized into a Bose-Hubbard model in momentum space. We explore many-body ground states and dynamics of a two-leg momentum-space lattice formed by two coupled hyperfi... Read More about Many-Body Chiral Edge Currents and Sliding Phases of Atomic Spin Waves in Momentum-Space Lattice.

Electromagnetically induced transparency of interacting Rydberg atoms with two-body dephasing (2020)
Journal Article
Yan, D., Wang, B., Bai, Z., & Li, W. (2020). Electromagnetically induced transparency of interacting Rydberg atoms with two-body dephasing. Optics Express, 28(7), 9677-9689. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.389247

We study electromagnetically induced transparency in a three-level ladder type configuration in ultracold atomic gases, where the upper level is an electronically highly excited Rydberg state. An effective distance dependent two-body dephasing can be... Read More about Electromagnetically induced transparency of interacting Rydberg atoms with two-body dephasing.

Phase synchronization in coupled bistable oscillators (2020)
Journal Article
Jessop, M. R., Li, W., & Armour, A. D. (2020). Phase synchronization in coupled bistable oscillators. Physical Review Research, 2(1), Article 013233. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevresearch.2.013233

We introduce a simple model system to study synchronization theoretically in quantum oscillators that are not just in limit-cycle states, but rather display a more complex bistable dynamics. Our oscillator model is purely dissipative, with a two-phot... Read More about Phase synchronization in coupled bistable oscillators.

Controlling the dynamical scale factor in a trapped atom Sagnac interferometer (2020)
Journal Article
Zhou, Y., Lesanovsky, I., Fernholz, T., & Li, W. (2020). Controlling the dynamical scale factor in a trapped atom Sagnac interferometer. Physical Review A, 101(1), Article 012517. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.101.012517

Sagnac interferometers with massive particles promise unique advantages in achieving high-precision measurements of rotation rates over their optical counterparts. Recent proposals and experiments are exploring nonballistic Sagnac interferometers whe... Read More about Controlling the dynamical scale factor in a trapped atom Sagnac interferometer.

Highly efficient vortex four-wave mixing in asymmetric semiconductor quantum wells (2020)
Journal Article
Qiu, J., Wang, Z., Ding, D., Li, W., & Yu, B. (2020). Highly efficient vortex four-wave mixing in asymmetric semiconductor quantum wells. Optics Express, 28(3), 2975-2986. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.379245

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement Orbital angular momentum (OAM) is an important property of vortex light, which provides a valuable tool to manipulate the light-matter interaction in the st... Read More about Highly efficient vortex four-wave mixing in asymmetric semiconductor quantum wells.

Quench dynamics of Rydberg-dressed bosons on two-dimensional square lattices (2020)
Journal Article
Zhou, Y., Li, Y., Nath, R., & Li, W. (2020). Quench dynamics of Rydberg-dressed bosons on two-dimensional square lattices. Physical Review A, 101(1), Article 013427. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.101.013427

We study dynamics of bosonic atoms on a two dimensional square lattice, where atomic interactions are long ranged with either a box or soft-core shape. The latter can be realized through laser dressing ground state atoms to electronically excited Ryd... Read More about Quench dynamics of Rydberg-dressed bosons on two-dimensional square lattices.

Shuttling of Rydberg ions for fast entangling operations (2019)
Journal Article
VOGEL, J., LI, W., MOKHBERI, A., LESANOVSKY, I., & SCHMIDT-KALER, F. (2019). Shuttling of Rydberg ions for fast entangling operations. Physical Review Letters, 123(15), Article 153603. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.153603

We introduce a scheme to entangle Rydberg ions in a linear ion crystal, using the high electric polarizability of the Rydberg electronic states in combination with mutual Coulomb coupling of ions that establishes common modes of motion. After laser i... Read More about Shuttling of Rydberg ions for fast entangling operations.

Nonlinear light diffraction by electromagnetically induced gratings with PT symmetry in a Rydberg atomic gas (2019)
Journal Article
Hang, C., Li, W., & Huang, G. (2019). Nonlinear light diffraction by electromagnetically induced gratings with PT symmetry in a Rydberg atomic gas. Physical Review A, 100(4), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.100.043807

Understanding and manipulating the non-Hermitian optical property based on coherent atomic gases is of great importance and has attracted much theoretical and experimental attentions. Advancing this study to the nonlinear optics regime is highly desi... Read More about Nonlinear light diffraction by electromagnetically induced gratings with PT symmetry in a Rydberg atomic gas.

Stable single light bullets and vortices and their active control in cold Rydberg gases (2019)
Journal Article
Bai, Z., Li, W., & Huang, G. (2019). Stable single light bullets and vortices and their active control in cold Rydberg gases. Optica, 6(3), 309-317. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.6.000309

Realizing single light bullets and vortices that are stable in high dimensions is a long-standing goal in the study of nonlinear optical physics. On the other hand, the storage and retrieval of such stable high dimensional optical pulses may offer a... Read More about Stable single light bullets and vortices and their active control in cold Rydberg gases.

Robust Rydberg gate via Landau-Zener control of Förster resonance (2018)
Journal Article
Huang, X.-R., Ding, Z.-X., Hu, C.-S., Shen, L.-T., Li, W., Wu, H., & Zheng, S.-B. (2018). Robust Rydberg gate via Landau-Zener control of Förster resonance. Physical Review A, 98(5), Article 052324. https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.98.052324

In this paper, we propose a scheme to implement the two-qubit controlled-Z gate via the Stark-tuned Förster interaction of Rydberg atoms, where the Förster defect is driven by a time-dependent electric field of a simple sinusoidal function while the... Read More about Robust Rydberg gate via Landau-Zener control of Förster resonance.

Supersolidity of lattice bosons immersed in strongly correlated Rydberg dressed atoms (2018)
Journal Article
Li, Y., Geiβler, A., Hofstetter, W., & Li, W. (2018). Supersolidity of lattice bosons immersed in strongly correlated Rydberg dressed atoms. Physical Review A, 97(2), Article 023619. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.97.023619

Recent experiments have illustrated that long range two-body interactions can be induced by laser coupling atoms to highly excited Rydberg states. Stimulated by this achievement, we study supersolidity of lattice bosons in an experimentally relevant... Read More about Supersolidity of lattice bosons immersed in strongly correlated Rydberg dressed atoms.

Single strontium Rydberg ion confined in a Paul trap (2017)
Journal Article
Higgins, G., Li, W., Pokorny, F., Zhang, C., Kress, F., Maier, C., …Hennrich, M. (2017). Single strontium Rydberg ion confined in a Paul trap. Physical Review X, 7(2), Article 021038. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.7.021038

Trapped Rydberg ions are a promising new system for quantum information processing. They have the potential to join the precise quantum operations of trapped ions and the strong, long-range interactions between Rydberg atoms. Combining the two system... Read More about Single strontium Rydberg ion confined in a Paul trap.

Enhancement of Rydberg-mediated single-photon nonlinearities by electrically tuned Förster resonances (2016)
Journal Article
Gorniaczyk, H., Tresp, C., Bienias, P., Paris-Mandoki, A., Li, W., Mirgorodskiy, I., …Hofferberth, S. (2016). Enhancement of Rydberg-mediated single-photon nonlinearities by electrically tuned Förster resonances. Nature Communications, 7, Article e12480. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12480

We demonstrate experimentally that Stark-tuned Förster resonances can be used to substantially increase the interaction between individual photons mediated by Rydberg interaction inside an optical medium. This technique is employed to boost the gain... Read More about Enhancement of Rydberg-mediated single-photon nonlinearities by electrically tuned Förster resonances.

Coherence in a cold atom photon transistor (2015)
Journal Article
Li, W., & Lesanovsky, I. (2015). Coherence in a cold atom photon transistor. Physical Review A, 92(4), Article 043828. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.92.043828

Recent experiments have realized an all-optical photon transistor using a cold atomic gas. This approach relies on electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in conjunction with the strong interaction among atoms excited to high-lying Rydberg sta... Read More about Coherence in a cold atom photon transistor.

Phase-imprinting of Bose-Einstein condensates with Rydberg impurities (2015)
Journal Article
Mukherjee, R., Ates, C., Li, W., & Wüster, S. (2015). Phase-imprinting of Bose-Einstein condensates with Rydberg impurities. Physical Review Letters, 115(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.040401

We show how the phase profile of Bose-Einstein condensates can be engineered through its in- teraction with localized Rydberg excitations. The interaction is made controllable and long-range by off-resonantly coupling the condensate to another Rydber... Read More about Phase-imprinting of Bose-Einstein condensates with Rydberg impurities.

Spin correlations as a probe of quantum synchronization in trapped ion phonon-lasers (2015)
Journal Article
Hush, M. R., Li, W., Genway, S., Lesanovsky, I., & Armour, A. (2015). Spin correlations as a probe of quantum synchronization in trapped ion phonon-lasers. Physical Review A, 91, Article 061401. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.91.061401

We investigate quantum synchronization theoretically in a system consisting of two cold ions in microtraps. The ions' motion is damped by a standing-wave laser whilst also being driven by a blue-detuned laser which results in self-oscillation. Workin... Read More about Spin correlations as a probe of quantum synchronization in trapped ion phonon-lasers.

Electromagnetically induced transparency in an entangled medium (2014)
Journal Article
Li, W., Viscor, D., Hofferberth, S., & Lesanovsky, I. (2014). Electromagnetically induced transparency in an entangled medium. Physical Review Letters, 112(24), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.243601

We theoretically investigate light propagation and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in a quasi one-dimensional gas in which atoms interact strongly via exchange interactions. We focus on the case in which the gas is initially prepared i... Read More about Electromagnetically induced transparency in an entangled medium.

Generalized Dicke nonequilibrium dynamics in trapped ions (2014)
Journal Article
Genway, S., Li, W., Ates, C., Lanyon, B. P., & Lesanovsky, I. (2014). Generalized Dicke nonequilibrium dynamics in trapped ions. Physical Review Letters, 112(2),

We explore trapped ions as a setting to investigate nonequilibrium phases in a generalized Dicke model of dissipative spins coupled to phonon modes. We find a rich dynamical phase diagram including superradiantlike regimes, dynamical phase coexistenc... Read More about Generalized Dicke nonequilibrium dynamics in trapped ions.