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Outputs (116)

Antimicrobial prophylaxis in companion animal surgery: A scoping review for European Network for Optimization of Antimicrobial Therapy (ENOVAT) guidelines (2024)
Journal Article

Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is widely used to reduce the risk of surgical site infections (SSI), but there is uncertainty as to what the proportion of SSI reduction is. Therefore, it is difficult for surgeons to properly weigh the costs,... Read More about Antimicrobial prophylaxis in companion animal surgery: A scoping review for European Network for Optimization of Antimicrobial Therapy (ENOVAT) guidelines.

Cross‐sectional survey of sources of information accompanying veterinary product advertisements in two professional print publications (2024)
Journal Article

Background Veterinarians should be able to easily access scientific evidence about medical products and devices to incorporate into their clinical decision making. While the characteristics and quality of supporting information accompanying device a... Read More about Cross‐sectional survey of sources of information accompanying veterinary product advertisements in two professional print publications.

Ethical challenges experienced by veterinary practitioners in relation to adverse events: Insights from a qualitative study (2023)
Journal Article

Background Understanding ethical challenges experienced in relation to adverse events is necessary to inform strategies that optimise patient safety and practitioner wellbeing. Methods A qualitative exploration of UK veterinary practitioners’ ex... Read More about Ethical challenges experienced by veterinary practitioners in relation to adverse events: Insights from a qualitative study.

Factors within A Veterinarian-Cattle Farmer Relationship That May Impact on Biosecurity Being Carried out on Farms: An Exploratory Study (2023)
Journal Article

Veterinarians (vets) appear to be one of the main gateways to biosecurity information for cattle farmers, and therefore are likely to affect the implementation of these measures. The aim of this study was to explore factors within the vet–farmer rela... Read More about Factors within A Veterinarian-Cattle Farmer Relationship That May Impact on Biosecurity Being Carried out on Farms: An Exploratory Study.

The use of theories, models, and frameworks to inform the uptake of evidence-based practices in veterinary medicine - a scoping review (2023)
Journal Article

Evidence-based practices (EBPs) provide strategies to improve the health, welfare and productivity of animal species. However, ensuring implementation and uptake into routine practice of these EBPs is often challenging. In human health research, one... Read More about The use of theories, models, and frameworks to inform the uptake of evidence-based practices in veterinary medicine - a scoping review.

Assessment of a joint farmer-veterinarian discussion about biosecurity using novel social interaction analyses (2022)
Journal Article

Veterinarians are trusted by farmers and play an important role in assisting them to implement biosecurity. More research is needed that particularly focuses on the impact of joint farmer-veterinarian discussions to further understand the role of com... Read More about Assessment of a joint farmer-veterinarian discussion about biosecurity using novel social interaction analyses.

Investigation of humans individual differences as predictors of their animal interaction styles, focused on the domestic cat (2022)
Journal Article

Humans' individual differences including their demographics, personality, attitudes and experiences are often associated with important outcomes for the animals they interact with. This is pertinent to companion animals such as cats and dogs, given t... Read More about Investigation of humans individual differences as predictors of their animal interaction styles, focused on the domestic cat.

Levels of Evidence, Quality Assessment, and Risk of Bias: Evaluating the Internal Validity of Primary Research (2022)
Journal Article

Clinical decisions in human and veterinary medicine should be based on the best available evidence. The results of primary research are an important component of that evidence base. Regardless of whether assessing studies for clinical case management... Read More about Levels of Evidence, Quality Assessment, and Risk of Bias: Evaluating the Internal Validity of Primary Research.

“We’re gonna end up scared to do anything”: a qualitative exploration of how complaints are experienced by UK veterinary practitioners (2022)
Journal Article

Background: UK veterinary practitioners are reported to be fearful of client complaints but their experiences have not been formally captured. Understanding how complaints impact veterinary practitioners is key to mitigating detrimental consequences.... Read More about “We’re gonna end up scared to do anything”: a qualitative exploration of how complaints are experienced by UK veterinary practitioners.

Youngstock Management as “The Key for Everything”? Perceived Value of Calves and the Role of Calf Performance Monitoring and Advice on Dairy Farms (2022)
Journal Article

Replacement heifers are key to the future milking herd and farm economic efficiency but are not always prioritised on dairy farms. Dairy enterprises are comprised of components which compete for limited resources; scarce information about calf perfor... Read More about Youngstock Management as “The Key for Everything”? Perceived Value of Calves and the Role of Calf Performance Monitoring and Advice on Dairy Farms.

Re‐parameterization of a mathematical model of African horse sickness virus using data from a systematic literature search (2022)
Journal Article

African horse sickness (AHS) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by Culicoides spp., endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. There have been many examples of historic and recent outbreaks in the Middle East, Asia and Europe. However, not much is known about... Read More about Re‐parameterization of a mathematical model of African horse sickness virus using data from a systematic literature search.

Developing consensus for definitions of key veterinary-specific quality improvement (QI) terms using an eDelphi-study method (2021)
Journal Article

Background: Quality improvement (QI) methods are a continuous process of iterative tests to improve the quality of a service or product. Using common language has been linked to the successful implementation of QI in human healthcare. This study aime... Read More about Developing consensus for definitions of key veterinary-specific quality improvement (QI) terms using an eDelphi-study method.

Does clopidogrel or clopidogrel plus aspirin result in longer survival times in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy? (2021)
Journal Article

An apparently healthy cat has a heart murmur detected at vaccination yet no other abnormalities are found on clinical exam. The owner opts for further investigation and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is confirmed after performing ultrasound of the heart... Read More about Does clopidogrel or clopidogrel plus aspirin result in longer survival times in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?.

Stakeholder Perceptions of Disease Management for Dairy Calves: “It’s Just Little Things That Make Such a Big Difference” (2021)
Journal Article

Calf morbidity and mortality rates are often high in dairy herds, raising animal welfare concerns and negatively affecting farm economic efficiency and future performance. Disease prevention is critical to maintain calves in good health, but interven... Read More about Stakeholder Perceptions of Disease Management for Dairy Calves: “It’s Just Little Things That Make Such a Big Difference”.

Priorities for Research into the Impact of Canine Surgical Sterilisation Programmes for Free-Roaming Dogs: An International Priority Setting Partnership (2021)
Journal Article

Surgical sterilisation is a core activity of free-roaming dog population management (DPM) programmes globally. However, there is limited published evidence on its impact at the population level. To support evidence-based decision making in this field... Read More about Priorities for Research into the Impact of Canine Surgical Sterilisation Programmes for Free-Roaming Dogs: An International Priority Setting Partnership.

What outcomes should be measured in feline chronic kidney disease treatment trials? Establishing a core outcome set for research (2021)
Journal Article

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important cause of feline morbidity and mortality. There is currently no agreement on which outcomes are most important in CKD treatment trials to assist evidence-based decision making. Core Outcome Sets (COSs) o... Read More about What outcomes should be measured in feline chronic kidney disease treatment trials? Establishing a core outcome set for research.

Assessing the feasibility of retrospective and prospective clinical audit in farm animal veterinary practice (2021)
Journal Article

As a quality improvement tool, clinical audit has been extensively described in the medical literature. There is scant literature on the use of clinical audit in the farm animal veterinary setting. This study describes the process and feasibility of... Read More about Assessing the feasibility of retrospective and prospective clinical audit in farm animal veterinary practice.

Promoting Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine through the online resource ‘EBVM Learning’: User feedback (2021)
Journal Article

‘EBVM Learning’ is a freely available resource created in 2015 by an international team with the support of RCVS Knowledge. The resource comprises a series of online modules teaching the fundamental concepts of evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBV... Read More about Promoting Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine through the online resource ‘EBVM Learning’: User feedback.

Cattle farmers’ perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change: The first European-wide pilot study (2020)
Journal Article

The importance of biosecurity as a strategy to prevent and control infectious diseases has increased substantially over the last few decades. Several studies have reported a low implementation level of biosecurity measures (BSM), particularly in catt... Read More about Cattle farmers’ perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change: The first European-wide pilot study.

Evaluating the role of surgical sterilisation in canine rabies control: A systematic review of impact and outcomes (2020)
Journal Article

© 2020 Collinson et al. Current recommendations for the elimination of canine-mediated human rabies focus on mass dog vaccination as the most feasible and cost-effective strategy. However, attempts to control rabies are often combined with canine sur... Read More about Evaluating the role of surgical sterilisation in canine rabies control: A systematic review of impact and outcomes.

Retrospective case series to identify the most common conditions seen ‘out-of-hours’ by first-opinion equine veterinary practitioners (2020)
Journal Article

Background: The study aim was to describe conditions seen 'out-of-hours' in equine practice. Methods: This was a retrospective case series of first opinion 'out-of-hours' cases seen at two equine practices between 2011 and 2013. Data were retrieved o... Read More about Retrospective case series to identify the most common conditions seen ‘out-of-hours’ by first-opinion equine veterinary practitioners.

Equine influenza vaccination as reported by horse owners and factors influencing their decision to vaccinate or not (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Equine influenza virus is a highly contagious respiratory pathogen that causes pyrexia, anorexia, lethargy and coughing in immunologically naïve horses. Vaccines against equine influenza are available and vaccination is 20 mandatory for... Read More about Equine influenza vaccination as reported by horse owners and factors influencing their decision to vaccinate or not.

Is there an evidence base for veterinarians to utilise when treating commonly seen conditions in cattle? (2019)
Journal Article

Evidence based veterinary medicine (EVM) is an integral part of clinical decision-making in practice. In order for EVM to be utilised effectively, relevant published evidence must be available to veterinarians. Currently there is a lack of research i... Read More about Is there an evidence base for veterinarians to utilise when treating commonly seen conditions in cattle?.

Validation of text-mining and content analysis techniques using data collected from veterinary practice management software systems in the UK (2019)
Journal Article

Electronic patient records from practice management software systems have been used extensively in medicine for the investigation of clinical problems leading to the creation of decision support frameworks. To date, technologies that have been utilis... Read More about Validation of text-mining and content analysis techniques using data collected from veterinary practice management software systems in the UK.

Topics discussed, examinations performed and strategies implemented during canine and feline booster vaccination consultations (2019)
Journal Article

© British Veterinary Association 2019. Vaccination consultations account for a large proportion of the small animal veterinary caseload. The aim of this study was to determine the content of canine and feline booster vaccination consultations and gat... Read More about Topics discussed, examinations performed and strategies implemented during canine and feline booster vaccination consultations.

Developing practical recommendations for preventative healthcare consultations involving dogs and cats using a Delphi technique (2019)
Journal Article

© © British Veterinary Association 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. Published by BMJ. Preventive healthcare is the focus of a large proportion of UK small animal veterinary consultations. The evidence base for how to optim... Read More about Developing practical recommendations for preventative healthcare consultations involving dogs and cats using a Delphi technique.

Systematic review of the factors affecting cat and dog owner compliance with pharmaceutical treatment recommendations (2018)
Journal Article

© 2018 British Veterinary Association. The aim of this systematic review is to describe and assess the quality of the existing evidence base concerning factors that influence the compliance of cat and dog owners to pharmaceutical and specifically pol... Read More about Systematic review of the factors affecting cat and dog owner compliance with pharmaceutical treatment recommendations.

A cross-sectional study of experiences and attitudes towards clinical audit of farm animal veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom (2018)
Journal Article

© 2018 by the authors. Clinical audit is a quality improvement tool used to assess and improve the clinical services provided to patients. This is the first study to investigate the extent to which clinical audit is understood and utilised in farm an... Read More about A cross-sectional study of experiences and attitudes towards clinical audit of farm animal veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom.

An Evidence-Based Rapid Review of Surgical Techniques for Correction of Prolapsed Nictitans Glands in Dogs (2018)
Journal Article

© 2018 by the authors. Prolapsed nictitans gland (PNG) is an important ocular condition of dogs. Various surgical interventions have been described, but effective technique is currently considered to be a matter of personal clinician preference. The... Read More about An Evidence-Based Rapid Review of Surgical Techniques for Correction of Prolapsed Nictitans Glands in Dogs.

Owner and veterinary surgeon perspectives on the roles of veterinary nurses and receptionists in relation to small animal preventative healthcare consultations in the United Kingdom (2018)
Journal Article

Veterinary receptionists and veterinary nurses rarely feature in published practice-based research, yet are integral to small animal veterinary practice in the United Kingdom (UK). The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of UK-based... Read More about Owner and veterinary surgeon perspectives on the roles of veterinary nurses and receptionists in relation to small animal preventative healthcare consultations in the United Kingdom.

Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity; a Northern Ireland perspective (2018)
Journal Article

Background: Agriculture and farming are valued contributors to local economy in Northern Ireland (NI). There is limited knowledge about farmers’ behaviours and attitudes towards disease biosecurity measures. As part of a larger project, a scenario-ba... Read More about Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity; a Northern Ireland perspective.

Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers’ biosecurity attitudes and behaviours (2018)
Journal Article

It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals’ preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, ma... Read More about Application of multiple behaviour change models to identify determinants of farmers’ biosecurity attitudes and behaviours.

Motivators and barriers for dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom to using preventative medicines (2018)
Journal Article

Routine use of preventative medicines is advocated as part of responsible dog and cat ownership. However, it has been suggested that the number of owners in the United Kingdom (UK) using preventative medicines to protect their pets is in decline. The... Read More about Motivators and barriers for dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom to using preventative medicines.

“I always feel like I have to rush…”: pet owner and small animal veterinary surgeons’ reflections on time during preventative healthcare consultations in the United Kingdom (2018)
Journal Article

Canine and feline preventative healthcare consultations can be more complex than other consultation types, but they are typically not allocated additional time in the United Kingdom (UK). Impacts of the perceived length of UK preventative healthcare... Read More about “I always feel like I have to rush…”: pet owner and small animal veterinary surgeons’ reflections on time during preventative healthcare consultations in the United Kingdom.

Owners and veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom disagree about what should happen during a small animal vaccination consultation (2018)
Journal Article

Dog and cat vaccination consultations are a common part of small animal practice in the United Kingdom. Few data are available describing what happens during those consultations or what participants think about their content. The aim of this novel st... Read More about Owners and veterinary surgeons in the United Kingdom disagree about what should happen during a small animal vaccination consultation.

Use of clinical vignette questionnaires to investigate the variation in management of keratoconjunctivitis sicca and acute glaucoma in dogs (2018)
Journal Article

There is little peer-reviewed research assessing therapeutic effectiveness in canine eye disease. Current treatments used in first opinion and ophthalmology referral practices are also somewhat poorly documented. The aim of this study was to investig... Read More about Use of clinical vignette questionnaires to investigate the variation in management of keratoconjunctivitis sicca and acute glaucoma in dogs.

Analysing the opinions of UK veterinarians on practice-based research using corpus linguistic and mathematical methods (2017)
Journal Article

The use of corpus linguistic techniques and other related mathematical analyses have rarely, if ever, been applied to qualitative data collected from the veterinary field. The aim of this study was to explore the use of a combination of corpus lingui... Read More about Analysing the opinions of UK veterinarians on practice-based research using corpus linguistic and mathematical methods.

Veterinarian nominated common conditions of rabbits and guinea pigs compared with published literature (2017)
Journal Article

Rabbits and guinea pigs are increasingly popular pets in the UK, yet little is known about their common ailments, or how these relate to what appears in the published literature. The aim of this study was to characterise the common conditions of rabb... Read More about Veterinarian nominated common conditions of rabbits and guinea pigs compared with published literature.

Sample size and number of outcome measures of veterinary randomised controlled trials of pharmaceutical interventions funded by different sources, a cross-sectional study (2017)
Journal Article

Background Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are a key component of the veterinary evidence base. Sample sizes and defined outcome measures are crucial components of RCTs. To describe the sample size and number of outcome measures of veterinary... Read More about Sample size and number of outcome measures of veterinary randomised controlled trials of pharmaceutical interventions funded by different sources, a cross-sectional study.

A retrospective review of western lowland gorilla (gorilla, gorilla, gorilla) mortality in European zoological collections between 2004 and 2014 (2017)
Journal Article

An understanding of the main causes of mortality among captive gorillas is imperative to promoting their optimal care, health, and welfare. A retrospective observational review of mortality among the European zoo–housed western lowland gorilla (Goril... Read More about A retrospective review of western lowland gorilla (gorilla, gorilla, gorilla) mortality in European zoological collections between 2004 and 2014.

The awareness of the international veterinary profession of evidence-based veterinary medicine and preferred methods of training (2017)
Journal Article

Evidence-based veterinary medicine (EVM) is an evolving discipline in veterinary medicine so it is important to periodically “benchmark” opinion about EVM across the profession. An international survey to assess veterinarians’ awareness of EVM was co... Read More about The awareness of the international veterinary profession of evidence-based veterinary medicine and preferred methods of training.

Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling (2017)
Journal Article

Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal... Read More about Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling.

Common decisions made and actions taken during small-animal consultations at eight first-opinion practices in the United Kingdom (2016)
Journal Article

In order for veterinary surgeons to undertake an evidence-based approach to making decisions about theirpatients, it is important that new evidence is generated to support the clinical decision-making process.Many of the decisions are likely to be ar... Read More about Common decisions made and actions taken during small-animal consultations at eight first-opinion practices in the United Kingdom.

A method for extracting electronic patient record data from practice management software systems used in veterinary practice (2016)
Journal Article

Background Data extracted from electronic patient records (EPRs) within practice management software systems are increasingly used in veterinary research. The use of real patient data gives the potential to generate research that can readily be appl... Read More about A method for extracting electronic patient record data from practice management software systems used in veterinary practice.

Exploring attitudes and beliefs towards implementing cattle disease prevention and control measures: a qualitative study with dairy farmers in Great Britain (2016)
Journal Article

Disease prevention and control practices are frequently highlighted as important to ensure the health and welfare of farmed animals, although little is known as to why not many practices are carried out. The aim of this study was to identify the moti... Read More about Exploring attitudes and beliefs towards implementing cattle disease prevention and control measures: a qualitative study with dairy farmers in Great Britain.

International evidence-based medicine survey of the veterinary profession: information sources used by veterinarians (2016)
Journal Article

Veterinarians are encouraged to use evidence to inform their practice, but it is unknown what resources (e.g. journals, electronic sources) are accessed by them globally. Understanding the key places veterinarians seek information can inform where ne... Read More about International evidence-based medicine survey of the veterinary profession: information sources used by veterinarians.

Factors influencing common diagnoses made during first-opinion small-animal consultations in the United Kingdom (2016)
Journal Article

It is currently unclear how frequently a diagnosis is made during small-animal consultations or how much of a role making a diagnosis plays in veterinary decision-making. Understanding more about the diagnostic process will help direct future researc... Read More about Factors influencing common diagnoses made during first-opinion small-animal consultations in the United Kingdom.

Challenges facing the farm animal veterinary profession in England: a qualitative study of veterinarians’ perceptions and responses (2016)
Journal Article

The farm animal veterinary profession in the UK has faced a number of challenges in recent decades related to the withdrawal of government funding and a contraction of the agricultural sector. They have come under pressure to respond by developing sk... Read More about Challenges facing the farm animal veterinary profession in England: a qualitative study of veterinarians’ perceptions and responses.

Investigating preventive-medicine consultations in first-opinion small-animal practice in the United Kingdom using direct observation (2015)
Journal Article

Preventive-medicine consultations account for a large proportion of the veterinary caseload and previous research has suggested these consultations are fundamentally different from those in which the animal is presented for a specific health problem.... Read More about Investigating preventive-medicine consultations in first-opinion small-animal practice in the United Kingdom using direct observation.

Farmers’ perception of the role of veterinary surgeons in vaccination strategies on British dairy farms (2015)
Journal Article

There is limited research investigating the motivators and barriers to vaccinating dairy cattle. Veterinary surgeons have been identified as important sources of information for farmers making vaccination and disease control decisions, as well as bei... Read More about Farmers’ perception of the role of veterinary surgeons in vaccination strategies on British dairy farms.

Development of a framework for genotyping bovine-derived Cryptosporidium parvum, using a multilocus fragment typing tool (2015)
Journal Article

Background: There is a need for an integrated genotyping approach for C. parvum; no sufficiently discriminatory scheme to date has been fully validated or widely adopted by veterinary or public health researchers. Multilocus fragment typing (MLFT) ca... Read More about Development of a framework for genotyping bovine-derived Cryptosporidium parvum, using a multilocus fragment typing tool.

Investigating common clinical presentations in first opinion small animal consultations using direct observation (2015)
Journal Article

Understanding more about the clinical presentations encountered in veterinary practice is vital in directing research towards areas relevant to practitioners. The aim of this study was to describe all problems discussed during a convenience sample of... Read More about Investigating common clinical presentations in first opinion small animal consultations using direct observation.

Survey of the UK veterinary profession: common species and conditions nominated by veterinarians in practice (2014)
Journal Article

The practice of evidence-based veterinary medicine involves the utilisation of scientific evidence for clinical decision making. To enable this, research topics pertinent to clinical practice need to be identified, and veterinary clinicians are best... Read More about Survey of the UK veterinary profession: common species and conditions nominated by veterinarians in practice.