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Heterobranchia II: The Pulmonata

Mordan, Peter; Wade, Chris


Peter Mordan


Winston Ponder


This chapter focuses on the Pulmonata, gastropods belonging to the clade Heterobranchia. It explains that the pulmonates include the large majority of land snails and slugs, as well as many freshwater snails and a few small families of estuarine and shallow-water marine slugs and snails. It provides a summary of major taxonomic groupings within Pulmonata including their habitat, number of species, and earliest fossil record. It also outlines future directions of research in order to better understand the Pulmonata phylogeny.


Mordan, P., & Wade, C. (2008). Heterobranchia II: The Pulmonata. In W. Ponder (Ed.), Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca (409-426). University of California Press.

Publication Date 2008-03
Deposit Date Aug 9, 2022
Publisher University of California Press
Pages 409-426
Book Title Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca
Chapter Number 15
ISBN 9780520250925
Public URL
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