Functionally Relevant White Matter Degradation in Multiple Sclerosis: A Tract-based Spatial Meta-Analysis
Welton, Thomas; Kent, Daniel; Constantinescu, Cris S.; Auer, Dorothee P.; Dineen, Robert A.
Cris S. Constantinescu
DOROTHEE AUER email@example.com
Professor of Neuroimaging
ROBERT DINEEN firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Neuroradiology
To identify statistical consensus between published studies for distribution and functional relevance of tract white matter (WM) degradation in multiple sclerosis (MS).
Materials and Methods
By systematically searching online databases, tract-based spatial statistics studies were identified that compared fractional anisotropy (FA; a marker for WM integrity) in MS patients to healthy control subjects, correlated FA in MS patients with physical disability, or correlated FA in MS patients with cognitive performance. Voxelwise meta-analysis was performed by using the Signed Differential Mapping method for each comparison. Moderating effects of mean age, mean physical disability score, imager magnet strength, lesion load, and number of diffusion directions were assessed by means of meta-regression.
Meta-analysis was performed on data from 495 patients and 253 control subjects across 12 studies. MS diagnosis was significantly associated with widespread lower tract FA (nine studies; largest cluster, 4379 voxels; z = 7.1; P < .001). Greater physical disability was significantly associated with lower FA in the right posterior cingulum, left callosal splenium, right inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and left fornix crus (six studies; 323 voxels; z = 1.7; P = .001). Impaired cognition was significantly associated with lower FA in the callosal genu, thalamus, right posterior cingulum, and fornix crus (seven studies; largest cluster, 980 voxels; z = 2.5; P < .001).
WM damage is widespread in MS with differential and only minimally overlapping distributions of low FA that relates to physical disability and cognitive impairment. The higher number of clusters of lower FA in relation to cognition and their higher z scores suggest that cerebral WM damage may have a greater relevance to cognitive dysfunction than physical disability in MS, and that low anterior callosal and thalamic FA have specific importance to cognitive status.
Welton, T., Kent, D., Constantinescu, C. S., Auer, D. P., & Dineen, R. A. (2015). Functionally Relevant White Matter Degradation in Multiple Sclerosis: A Tract-based Spatial Meta-Analysis. Radiology, 275(1), 89-96. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.14140925
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 19, 2014|
|Online Publication Date||Nov 24, 2014|
|Deposit Date||Nov 23, 2016|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 23, 2016|
|Publisher||Radiological Society of North America|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
You might also like
Deuterium brain imaging at 7T during D2O dosing
Mapping brain endophenotypes associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis genetic risk