Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Deuterium brain imaging at 7T during D2O dosing

Cocking, Daniel; Damion, Robin A.; Franks, Hester; Jaconelli, Matthew; Wilkinson, Daniel; Brook, Matthew; Auer, Dorothee P.; Bowtell, Richard

Deuterium brain imaging at 7T during D2O dosing Thumbnail


Daniel Cocking

Clinical Associate Professor/ anne Mclaren Fellowship

Matthew Jaconelli

Professor of Neuroimaging


To characterize the (2H) deuterium MR signal measured from human brain at 7T in participants loading with D2O to ˜1.5% enrichment over a six-week period.

2H spectroscopy and imaging measurements were used to track the time-course of 2H enrichment within the brain during the initial eight-hour loading period in two participants. Multi-echo gradient echo (MEGE) images were acquired at a range of TR values from four participants during the steady-state loading period and used for mapping 2H T1 and T2* relaxation times. Co-registration to higher resolution 1H images allowed T1 and T2* relaxation times of deuterium in HDO in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), gray matter (GM), and white matter (WM) to be estimated.

2H concentrations measured during the eight-hour loading were consistent with values estimated from cumulative D2O dose and body mass. Signal changes measured from three different regions of the brain during loading showed similar time-courses. After summing over echoes, gradient echo brain images acquired in 7.5 minutes with a voxel volume of 0.36 ml showed an SNR of ˜16 in subjects loaded to 1.5%. T1-values for deuterium in HDO were significantly shorter than corresponding values for 1H in H2O, while T2* values were similar. 2H relaxation times in CSF were significantly longer than in GM or WM.

Deuterium MR Measurements at 7T were used to track the increase in concentration of 2H in brain during heavy water loading. 2H T1 and T2* relaxation times from water in GM, WM, and CSF are reported.


Cocking, D., Damion, R. A., Franks, H., Jaconelli, M., Wilkinson, D., Brook, M., …Bowtell, R. (2023). Deuterium brain imaging at 7T during D2O dosing. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 89(4), 1514-1521.

Acceptance Date Nov 6, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 25, 2022
Publication Date Apr 1, 2023
Deposit Date Nov 16, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 26, 2023
Journal Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Print ISSN 0740-3194
Electronic ISSN 1522-2594
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 89
Issue 4
Pages 1514-1521
Public URL
Publisher URL