Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

A critical review of thermal management models and solutions of lithium-ion batteries for the development of pure electric vehicles

Wang, Qian; Jiang, Bin; Li, Bo; Yan, Yuying


Qian Wang

Bin Jiang

Bo Li

Professor of Thermofluids Engineering


Power train electrification is promoted as a potential alternative to reduce carbon intensity of transportation. Lithium-ion batteries are found to be suitable for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs), and temperature control on lithium batteries is vital for long-term performance and durability. Unfortunately, battery thermal management (BTM) has not been paid close attention partly due to poor understanding of battery thermal behaviour. Cell performance change dramatically with temperature, but it improves with temperature if a suitable operating temperature window is sustained. This paper provides a review on two aspects that are battery thermal model development and thermal management strategies. Thermal effects of lithium-ion batteries in terms of thermal runaway and response under cold temperatures will be studied, and heat generation methods are discussed with aim of performing accurate battery thermal analysis. In addition, current BTM strategies utilised by automotive suppliers will be reviewed to identify the imposing challenges and critical gaps between research and practice. Optimising existing BTMs and exploring new technologies to mitigate battery thermal impacts are required, and efforts in prioritising BTM should be made to improve the temperature uniformity across the battery pack, prolong battery lifespan, and enhance the safety of large packs.


Wang, Q., Jiang, B., Li, B., & Yan, Y. (2016). A critical review of thermal management models and solutions of lithium-ion batteries for the development of pure electric vehicles. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 64,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 3, 2016
Online Publication Date Jun 9, 2016
Publication Date Oct 1, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 28, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 28, 2017
Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Electronic ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 64
Keywords Low carbon vehicles; Lithium-ion battery thermal management; Heat pipe; Pure electric and hybrid cars
Public URL
Publisher URL


BTMS Review_QW-YY.pdf (2.3 Mb)

Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:

You might also like

Downloadable Citations