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A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children’s academic attainment at age 11

Merrell, Christine; Sayal, Kapil; Tymms, Peter; Kasim, Adetayo

Authors

Christine Merrell

KAPIL SAYAL kapil.sayal@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Child and Adolescentpsychiatry

Peter Tymms

Adetayo Kasim



Abstract

Background: The link between inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity and poor academic outcomes is well established. Children with mild difficulties can go unnoticed yet may be at risk of poor academic outcomes.

Aims: To investigate the link between a continuum of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity at age five and academic attainment at age 11.

Sample: The sample comprised 46,369 children from 1812 English primary schools.
Methods: Reading and mathematics when starting school. Teachers rated behaviour at age five. English and mathematics were assessed at age 11.
Results: A substantive negative direct relationship was found between the severity of inattentive behaviour at age 5 and attainment at age 11. Hyperactivity was not significant but impulsivity was weakly but positively associated with attainment. These relationships applied across the whole range of behaviour scores.

Conclusions: Investigation of the continuum of symptoms has important implications for the teachers; particularly for those children with mild inattention whose difficulties may go unnoticed.

Citation

Merrell, C., Sayal, K., Tymms, P., & Kasim, A. (2017). A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children’s academic attainment at age 11. Learning and Individual Differences, 53, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.04.003

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 2, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 28, 2016
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Deposit Date Apr 25, 2016
Publicly Available Date Apr 28, 2016
Journal Learning and Individual Differences
Print ISSN 1041-6080
Electronic ISSN 1041-6080
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 53
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.04.003
Keywords Inattention; Hyperactivity; Impulsivity; Attainment; Progress
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/32910
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1041608016300310
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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