Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Moisture sensitivity examination of asphalt mixtures using thermodynamic, direct adhesion peel and compacted mixture mechanical tests

Zhang, Jizhe; Airey, Gordon D.; Grenfell, James; Apeagyei, Alex K.


Jizhe Zhang

Gordon D. Airey

James Grenfell

Alex K. Apeagyei


Moisture damage in asphalt mixtures is a complicated mode of pavement distress that results in the loss of stiffness and structural strength of the asphalt pavement layers. This paper evaluated the moisture sensitivity of different aggregate–bitumen combinations through three different approaches: surface energy, peel adhesion and the Saturation Ageing Tensile Stiffness (SATS) tests. In addition, the results obtained from these three tests were compared so as to characterise the relationship between the thermodynamic and the mechanical tests. The surface energy tests showed that the work of adhesion in dry conditions was bitumen type dependent, which is in agreement with the peel test. After moisture damage, all of these three tests found that the moisture sensitivity of aggregate–bitumen combinations were mainly aggregate type dependent. Based on the peel test, the moisture absorption and mineralogical compositions of aggregate were considered as two important factors to moisture sensitivity. This phenomenon suggests that in a susceptible asphalt mixture, the effect of aggregate may be more influential than the effect of bitumen. The SATS test and the peel test showed similar moisture sensitivity results demonstrating the good correlation between these two mechanical tests. However, the surface energy tests and the mechanical tests cannot correlate in terms of moisture sensitivity evaluation.


Zhang, J., Airey, G. D., Grenfell, J., & Apeagyei, A. K. (2018). Moisture sensitivity examination of asphalt mixtures using thermodynamic, direct adhesion peel and compacted mixture mechanical tests. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 19(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 9, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 7, 2016
Publication Date Jan 1, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 15, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 15, 2017
Journal Road Materials and Pavement Design
Print ISSN 1468-0629
Electronic ISSN 1468-0629
Publisher Taylor & Francis Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Keywords asphalt mixture, surface energy, peel test, SATS, moisture damage
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Road Materials and Pavement Design on 7 Nov 2016, available online:


You might also like

Downloadable Citations