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The role of historical context in understanding past climate, pollution and health data in trans-disciplinary studies: reply to comments on More et al. 2017

More, Alexander F.; Spauding, Nicole E.; Bohleber, Pascal; Handley, Michael J.; Hoffmann, Helene; Korotkikh, Elena V.; Kurbatov, Andrei V.; Loveluck, Christopher P.; Sneed, Sharon B.; McCormick, Michael; Mayewski, Paul A.

Authors

Alexander F. More afmore@fas.harvard.edu

Nicole E. Spauding

Pascal Bohleber

Michael J. Handley

Helene Hoffmann

Elena V. Korotkikh

Andrei V. Kurbatov

Sharon B. Sneed

Michael McCormick

Paul A. Mayewski



Abstract

Understanding the context from which evidence emerges is of paramount importance in reaching robust conclusions in scientific inquiries. This is as true of the present as it is of the past. In a trans‐disciplinary study such as More et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GH000064) and many others appearing in this and similar journals, a proper analysis of context demands the use of historical evidence. This includes demographic, epidemiological, and socio‐economic data—common in many studies of the impact of anthropogenic pollution on human health—and, as in this specific case, also geoarchaeological evidence. These records anchor climate and pollution data in the geographic and human circumstances of history, without which we lose a fundamental understanding of the data itself. This article addresses Hinkley (2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/2018GH000105) by highlighting the importance of context, focusing on the historical and archaeological evidence, and then discussing atmospheric deposition and circulation in the specific region of our study. Since many of the assertions in Bindler (2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/2018GH000135) are congruent with our findings and directly contradict Hinkley (2018), this reply refers to Bindler (2018), whenever appropriate, and indicates where our evidence diverges.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 31, 2018
Journal GeoHealth
Electronic ISSN 2471-1403
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 5
APA6 Citation More, A. F., Spauding, N. E., Bohleber, P., Handley, M. J., Hoffmann, H., Korotkikh, E. V., …Mayewski, P. A. (2018). The role of historical context in understanding past climate, pollution and health data in trans-disciplinary studies: reply to comments on More et al. 2017. GeoHealth, 2(5), https://doi.org/10.1029/2017GH000121
DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2017GH000121
Keywords Lead pollution; Ice core; Colle Gnifetti; Europe; History; Climate change
Publisher URL https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2017GH000121
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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