Nafeesa N. Dhalwani firstname.lastname@example.org
Stillbirth among women prescribed nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy: analysis of a large UK pregnancy cohort
Dhalwani, Nafeesa N.; Szatkowski, Lisa; Coleman, Tim; Fiaschi, Linda; Tata, Laila J.
Lisa Szatkowski email@example.com
Tim Coleman firstname.lastname@example.org
Linda Fiaschi email@example.com
Laila J. Tata firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: To compare risk of stillbirth between maternal smokers and those prescribed NRT during pregnancy.
Design: Cross-sectional analysis nested in a pregnancy cohort with longitudinal routinely-recorded medical data.
Setting: United Kingdom primary care; The Health Improvement Network (THIN) general practice database
Population: 220,630 singleton pregnancies ending in live or stillbirth, 2001-2012
Methods: Women were categorised into three groups: NRT (prescribed during pregnancy or one month before conception); smokers; controls (non-smokers without a pregnancy NRT prescription).
Main Outcome Measure: odds ratios (OR) adjusted to maternal characteristics and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for stillbirth
Results: A total of 805 pregnancies ended in stillbirth (3.6/1,000 births). Absolute risks of stillbirth in NRT and smoker groups were both 5/1,000 births compared with 3.5/1,000 births in the control group. Compared with the control group, the adjusted odds of stillbirth in the NRT group was not statistically significant (OR=1.35, 95% CI 0.91-2.00), although it was similar in magnitude to that in the smokers group (OR=1.41, 95% CI 1.13-1.77).
Conclusions: We found no evidence of a statistically significant association between being prescribed NRT during pregnancy and odds of stillbirth compared with non-smoking women. Although our study had much larger numbers than any previously, an even larger study with biochemically-validated smoking outcome data and close monitoring of NRT use throughout pregnancy is required to exclude effects on findings of potential exposure misclassification.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Apr 1, 2019|
|Journal||Nicotine and Tobacco Research|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Dhalwani, N. N., Szatkowski, L., Coleman, T., Fiaschi, L., & Tata, L. J. (2019). Stillbirth among women prescribed nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy: analysis of a large UK pregnancy cohort. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 21(4), 409–415. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty019|
|Keywords||Stillbirth; Nicotine replacement therapy; Smoking; Pregnancy; Maternal smoking|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0