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Comparison of computed tomographic angiography and intraoperative mesenteric portovenography for extrahepatic portosystemic shunts

Parry, Andrew T.; White, Robert N.

Authors

Andrew T. Parry

ROB WHITE Rob.White@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Practice



Abstract

Objectives
Comparison of intra-operative mesenteric portovenography and computed tomographic angiography for the documentation of the portal vasculature in patients with single extrahepatic portosystemic shunts.
Methods
Retrospective study of patients with extrahepatic portosystemic shunts that underwent preoperative computed tomographic angiography and intra-operative mesenteric portography. Studies were compared for identification of the intra- and extrahepatic portal vasculature.
Results
Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated all four portal vein tributaries and sub-tributaries. Intra-operative mesenteric portography inconsistently demonstrated the cranial mesenteric vein, the gastroduodenal vein (12 of 49 dogs and 0 of 10 cats), splenic vein (46 of 49 dogs and 8 of 10 cats) and caudal mesenteric vein (3 of 49 dogs and 2 of 10 cats). Computed tomographic angiography showed the intrahepatic portal vein with shunts emanating from the left gastric vein, splenocaval shunts or shunts involving the left colic vein. It showed intrahepatic portal branching in 5 of 12 patients with shunts involving the right gastric vein. Intra-operative mesenteric portography showed the intrahepatic portal vein in 29 of 59 patients but was outperformed by computed tomographic angiography in all cases except those patients with a shunt involving the right gastric vein.
Clinical Significance
In cases that have undergone diagnostic preoperative computed tomographic angiography there is no indication for diagnostic intra-operative mesenteric portovenography before ligation. In contrast, portovenography performed “after” temporary full ligation of the shunt provides clinical useful information and might be considered an integral investigation during shunt attenuation surgery.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 17, 2017
Journal Journal of Small Animal Practice
Print ISSN 0022-4510
Electronic ISSN 1748-5827
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 58
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Parry, A. T., & White, R. N. (2017). Comparison of computed tomographic angiography and intraoperative mesenteric portovenography for extrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 58(1), https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12596
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12596
Keywords Intraoperative mesenteric portovenography, computed tomographic angiography, portosystemic shunt
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jsap.12596/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Parry, A.T. and White, R.N. (2017), Comparison of computed tomographic angiography and intraoperative mesenteric portovenography for extrahepatic portosystemic shunts . J Small Anim Pract, 58: 49–55, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/jsap.12596. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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