Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Holographic entanglement in spin network states: A focused review

Colafranceschi, Eugenia; Adesso, Gerardo

Holographic entanglement in spin network states: A focused review Thumbnail


Eugenia Colafranceschi


In the long-standing quest to reconcile gravity with quantum mechanics, profound connections have been unveiled between concepts traditionally pertaining to a quantum information theory, such as entanglement, and constitutive features of gravity, like holography. Developing and promoting these connections from the conceptual to the operational level unlock access to a powerful set of tools which can be pivotal toward the formulation of a consistent theory of quantum gravity. Here, we review recent progress on the role and applications of quantum informational methods, in particular tensor networks, for quantum gravity models. We focus on spin network states dual to finite regions of space, represented as entanglement graphs in the group field theory approach to quantum gravity, and illustrate how techniques from random tensor networks can be exploited to investigate their holographic properties. In particular, spin network states can be interpreted as maps from bulk to boundary, whose holographic behavior increases with the inhomogeneity of their geometric data (up to becoming proper quantum channels). The entanglement entropy of boundary states, which are obtained by feeding such maps with suitable bulk states, is then proved to follow a bulk area law with corrections due to the entanglement of the bulk state. We further review how exceeding a certain threshold of bulk entanglement leads to the emergence of a black hole-like region, revealing intriguing perspectives for quantum cosmology.


Colafranceschi, E., & Adesso, G. (2022). Holographic entanglement in spin network states: A focused review. AVS Quantum Science, 4(2), Article 025901.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 16, 2022
Online Publication Date Jun 7, 2022
Publication Date Jun 1, 2022
Deposit Date Jun 15, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 28, 2022
Journal AVS Quantum Science
Print ISSN 2639-0213
Electronic ISSN 2639-0213
Publisher American Vacuum Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 2
Article Number 025901
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations