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Metabolic engineering of Clostridium autoethanogenum for selective alcohol production

Liew, Fungmin; Henstra, Anne M.; Kӧpke, Michael; Winzer, Klaus; Simpson, Sean D.; Minton, Nigel P.

Authors

Fungmin Liew

Anne M. Henstra

Michael Kӧpke

Sean D. Simpson

NIGEL MINTON nigel.minton@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Appliedmolecular Microbiology



Abstract

Gas fermentation using acetogenic bacteria such as Clostridium autoethanogenum offers an attractive route for production of fuel ethanol from industrial waste gases. Acetate reduction to acetaldehyde and further to ethanol via an aldehyde: ferredoxin oxidoreductase (AOR) and alcohol dehydrogenase has been postulated alongside the classic pathway of ethanol formation via a bi-functional aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase (AdhE). Here we demonstrate that AOR is critical to ethanol formation in acetogens and inactivation of AdhE led to consistently enhanced autotrophic ethanol production (up to 180%). Using ClosTron and allelic exchange mutagenesis, which was demonstrated for the first time in an acetogen, we generated single mutants as well as double mutants for both aor and adhE isoforms to confirm the role of each gene. The aor1+2 double knockout strain lost the ability to convert exogenous acetate, propionate and butyrate into the corresponding alcohols, further highlighting the role of these enzymes in catalyzing the thermodynamically unfavourable reduction of carboxylic acids into alcohols.

Citation

Liew, F., Henstra, A. M., Kӧpke, M., Winzer, K., Simpson, S. D., & Minton, N. P. (2017). Metabolic engineering of Clostridium autoethanogenum for selective alcohol production. Metabolic Engineering, 40, 104-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2017.01.007

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 19, 2017
Online Publication Date Jan 19, 2017
Publication Date 2017-03
Deposit Date Feb 24, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 24, 2017
Journal Metabolic Engineering
Print ISSN 1096-7176
Electronic ISSN 1096-7184
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Pages 104-114
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2017.01.007
Keywords Gas fermentation; Metabolic engineering; Aldehyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (AOR); Bi-functional aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase (AdhE); Clostridium autoethanogenum
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40830
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1096717617300319
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Metabolic engineering of Clostridium autoethanogenum for selective alcohol production; Journal Title: Metabolic Engineering; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2017.01.007; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of International Metabolic Engineering Society.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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