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Kundalini yoga as mutual recovery: a feasibility study including children in care and their carers

Perez, Elvira; Ball, Mark; Brown, Poppy; Crepaz-Keay, David; Haslam-Jones, Emily; Crawford, Paul


Mark Ball

Poppy Brown

David Crepaz-Keay

Emily Haslam-Jones

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Professor of Health Humanities


This is a mixed-methods feasibility study to test whether incorporating a 20-week Kundalini yoga program into a children’s home community improves wellbeing outcomes. Feasibility was assessed through recruitment and retention rates as well as participants’ self-report perceptions on social inclusion, mental health, wellbeing and semi-structured interviews on the benefits of the study. Mutual recovery entailed that children in care (CiC), youth practitioners, and management participated together in the kundalini yoga sessions. The study initially enrolled 100% of CIC and 97% (29/30) of eligible staff. Attendance was low with an average rate of four sessions per participant (Std. D 3.7, range 0-13). All the participants reported that the study was personally meaningful and experienced both individual (e.g., feeling more relaxed) and social benefits (e.g., feeling more open and positive). Pre- and post- yoga questionnaires did not show any significant effects. Low attendance was associated with the challenges faced by the children’s workforce (e.g., high levels of stress, low status, profile, and pay) and insufficient consultation and early involvement of stakeholders on the study implementation process. This study has generated a number of valuable guiding principles and recommendations that might underpin the development of any future intervention for CIC and staff working in children’s homes.


Perez, E., Ball, M., Brown, P., Crepaz-Keay, D., Haslam-Jones, E., & Crawford, P. (2016). Kundalini yoga as mutual recovery: a feasibility study including children in care and their carers. Journal of Children's Services, 11(4), 261-282.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 7, 2016
Online Publication Date Dec 8, 2016
Publication Date Dec 8, 2016
Deposit Date Jun 22, 2016
Publicly Available Date Dec 8, 2016
Journal Journal of Children's Services
Print ISSN 1746-6660
Electronic ISSN 2042-8677
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 4
Pages 261-282
Keywords Children in care (CiC), mental health, social inclusion, wellbeing, mutual recovery, mutuality, creative practices, Kundalini yoga.
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JCS-11-2015-0034.pdf (1.1 Mb)

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