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Kinetic study of time-dependent fixation of UVI on biochar

Ashry, Ahmed; Bailey, Elizabeth H.; Chenery, Simon; Young, Scott D.

Authors

Ahmed Ashry plxaa19@exmail.nottingham.ac.uk

LIZ BAILEY LIZ.BAILEY@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor

Simon Chenery srch@bgs.ac.uk

Scott D. Young scott.young@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Biochar, a by-product from the production of biofuel and syngas by gasification, was tested as a material for adsorption and fixation of UVI from aqueous solutions. A batch experiment was conducted to study the factors that influence the adsorption and time-dependent fixation on biochar at 20oC, including pH, initial concentration of UVI and contact time. Uranium (UVI) adsorption was highly dependent on pH but adsorption on biochar was high over a wide range of pH values, from 4.5 to 9.0, and adsorption strength was time-dependent over several days. The experimental data for pH > 7 were most effectively modelled using a Freundlich adsorption isotherm coupled to a reversible first order kinetic equation to describe the time-dependent fixation of UVI within the biochar structure. Desorption experiments showed that UVI was only sparingly desorbable from the biochar with time and isotopic dilution with 233UVI confirmed the low, or time-dependent, lability of adsorbed 238UVI. Below pH 7 the adsorption isotherm trend suggested precipitation, rather than true adsorption, may occur. However, across all pH values (4.5–9) measured saturation indices suggested precipitation was possible: autunite below pH 6.5 and either swartzite, liebigite or bayleyite above pH 6.5.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 15, 2016
Journal Journal of Hazardous Materials
Print ISSN 0304-3894
Electronic ISSN 0304-3894
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 320
APA6 Citation Ashry, A., Bailey, E. H., Chenery, S., & Young, S. D. (2016). Kinetic study of time-dependent fixation of UVI on biochar. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 320, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.08.002
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.08.002
Keywords Biochar, uranium, adsorption, pH, isotherm,kinetics
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389416307051
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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